LONDON DOCKLANDS                Urban/Economic

A Case study of:

  • Urban redevelopment / Urban regeneration
  • Economic decline and regeneration
  • In migration into an area and its impact
  • An urban planning scheme

Where are the London Docklands?

In the East End of London. Docklands covers an area of 2200 hectares, (21 sq kms) over 5 boroughs, Newham, Tower hamlet, Southwark, Lewisham and Greenwhich. The area covered by the London Docklands Redevelopment Corporation stretches from Wapping and Tower Bridge in the west to The City Airport and Becckton in the east.

Why did the London docklands decline?

  1. An increase in the size of the ships meant that the docklands were too narrow and shallow.
  2. An increase in Londons traffic lead to access roads and aterial routes being congested.
  3. A progressive decline of the upstream docks resulted in closure and dereliction
  4. Many industries, which used to be around the docks moved to other areas where there was more space e.g along M1, North Circular Road, M25.
  5. New docks were developed down stream at Tilbury and at the channel ports.
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Why did the London Docklands attract site business development?

The growth and development of London docklands has traditionally been tied down to the growth and wealth of central Londons cities.

The LDDC -What is it ? What powers was LDDC given ?

LDDC stands for London Docklands Development Corporation.  It was set up in 1981 by the government, funded by the government.  The LDDC has been given complete planning control for the areas worse affected by dereliction.

It had powers of Compulsory Purchase.

Main achievements

  • Creation of Isle of Dogs Enterprise Zone
  • ...

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