Suburbanisation and Counterurbanisation
What is Suburbanisation?
Suburbanisation is the outward growth of towns and cities causing them to engulf surrounding villages and countryside. It has been possible because more and more people have cars or access to public transport like buses, trams and trains.
Why has it happened?
Certain factors have pushed and pulled people and businesses to move out of the inner city towards the outer edge of the city.
Families have moved out from the inner city because:
Housing in the inner city was old and crowded with New, modern housing with modern facilities
less garden space, no drives etc.
In the inner city there is congestion on the busy roads, More open space
pollution in the air and visually from old, boarded-up
factories. Better schools and services
Fears for family safety as crime rates are higher Large, pleasant shopping centres have been built on the edge of cities
There may be few or restricted job opportunities as Safer neighbourhoods
many old factories have shut down or moved to the
suburbs More job opportunities
Businesses have moved from the inner city to the edge because:
Old, cramped factories in the inner city Cheaper and more plentiful land for future expansion
Congestion on the roads and narrow streets makes Brand new buildings with enough car parking,
life difficult for lorries space for computers, new cabling and air-