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Walk from the outer suburbs of Walsall, into the inner city, to see how housing changed.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

We went to Walsall, on the 26th September 2003, as part of our coursework, we went with the teachers, Miss Stafford and Miss Warton. We went to walk from the outer suburbs of Walsall, into the inner city, to see how housing changed. An aim is what your trying to find out, from doing this, our aim is to investigate whether housing along a selected transect from the centre of Walsall matches the models of urban land use. To investigate means to collect data and conduct research to draw conclusions. An urban model is a theory that tries to make sense of reality, there are two models which are Burgess's and Hoyt's, they tell you what pattern of land use you might expect to find in an urban area. A transect is the route that you will follow, it is used to show features along a line, in our case the transect is used to show how urban land use changes with distance from the CBD. In order to investigate the aim, I have devised several key questions that I needed: * Does the age of housing decrease with distance from the CBD? * Are there more houses with gardens, drives and garages, the father from the CBD you get? * Does the cost of housing increase from the CBD outwards? * Does the size of the house increase as you go from the CBD outwards? * What percent of land is used for housing? * How does the type of housing change? * Does the quality of housing and the built environment improve from the CBD outwards? From these questions, I devised the following Hypothesis. A hypothesis is a statement of what you expect to find. It is a positive statement that you will either prove or disprove. Hypotheses are studied in order to investigate the overall aim of the project. In each of the hypotheses I study, I will investigate different aspects of housing along the transect. ...read more.

Middle

It fits in with my expected results, except for the anomalies. I accept my hypothesis, as it fits in with the results. This fits in with the theory, as the houses are meant to get larger, and more modern, from the CBD outwards. For example the inner city is made up of mostly detached housing, and the outer suburbs, detached housing. Using secondary data, the characteristics of housing along the chosen transect will change with distance from the CBD * Housing tenure * Car/van ownership Tenure is who owns the house, whether they own it themselves or rent or anything else. This is shown on census data. This links to the theory, as the inner city houses, are smaller, but also expensive, as the land closer to the city is more expensive, as everyone wants to be closer to the city, so most people rent housing. In the suburbs people mostly own their own houses, as land is cheaper, and if they can live that far from the CBD they must be able to afford a car, so they can get into the CBD. I would expect the houses to be more council owned closer to the CBD, as land is more expensive, and people want to live close to the CBD for jobs, as they may not be able to afford cars, and they may not be able to afford to own their own house, so they rent it off the council. I would expect there to be more owner occupied father away from the CBD, due to cheaper land, and people are more likely to have cars, so they can travel to work, instead of needing to walk. The information which I have selected from the census data is owner occupied and council owned. (Census 2001) Ward Households: Owner occupied: Owns with a mortgage or loan Households: Rented from: Council (local authority) ...read more.

Conclusion

This fits in with Burgess's theory, as there is not much space to build anything in the CBD, it is mostly shops and tall buildings, and all main transport roots run through the CBD. The most obvious problem is litter, but there are plenty of bins, and there are machines, which people use to clean up the litter. My project could be improved, by investigating more variables for my hypotheses, and if I were to collect my data again, I would do it another way, as when I was walking around, I had trouble with all of the sheets, and I found it hard recording the housing along the transect, and if I went on the trip again, I would go on a separate day to do the transect. To extend my project, I could look at more transects in Walsall, and compare other similar sized towns to Walsall, I could also concentrate on other factors instead of housing, such as land use, and environment. Also, I could concentrate on one zone, from Burgess's model, or find a town which Hoyt's model works with. Widerworld page 26, for the Burgess and Hoyt models 2001 Census Data Walsall Metropolitan Borough council web site Thank you to: Miss Stafford and Miss Wharton for coming on the trip with us. Miss Stafford, for helping me with my coursework. The people who answered the questionnaire for us. My friend Avneet who helped me to find the information for the internet research for schemes which are in process from the local council. Page 1 Page 2 Page 3 Page 4 Page 5 Page 6 Page 7 Page 8 Page 9 Page 10 Page 11 Page 12 Page 13 Page 14 Page 15 Page 16 Page 17 Page 18 Page 19 Page 20 Page 21 Page 22 Page 23 Page 24 Page 25 Page 26 Page 27 Page 28 Page 29 Page 30 Page 31 Page 32 Page 33 Page 34 Page 35 Page 36 Page 37 Page 38 Page 39 Page 40 Page 41 Page 42 Page 43 Page 44 Page 45 Page 46 ...read more.

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