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AS and A Level: Healthcare

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  1. Marked by a teacher

    D1 Evaluate the roles of different psychological perspective in health and social care?

    3 star(s)

    The limbic system contains many brain structures such as the hypothalamus. It also looks at the nature vs. nurture debate that discusses why people are born with certain traits or if they are learned from their surroundings. Also, they look into family studies of fraternal and identical twins on behaviour. They also study that various structures in the brain can affect our behaviour, and also, damage to shares of the brain can severely affect our behaviour. In contrast, biological perspective is better than psychodynamic perspective because biological perspective has the important strength of usually being studied using strict scientific approach.

    • Word count: 712
  2. Marked by a teacher

    Explain six potential hazards that could be found in a health and social care setting

    3 star(s)

    Access to Medication (health) : If any medication is left outside the medication room/locker, this can be a hazard to any of the service users because they will be able to get unauthorized access to the medication and they will abuse the medication which may result in the service user harming themselves. To avoid this hazard, the any medication should always be locked up to reduce any risk of the service users harming themselves.

    • Word count: 476
  3. Marked by a teacher

    Effective communications P3

    3 star(s)

    Cultural differences and preferred spoken languages: If someone is from a different ethnic background to yourself they could possible prefer to speak in a different language than English or possibly are unable to speak or understand English. This can then make it difficult to communicate with someone unless an interpreter is available. Then other forms of communication have to be used such as pictures or objects. Verbal and non-verbal communication can be interpreted different between cultures, age and occupation. Words can be interpreted differently depending on the context and the culture of the person using them.

    • Word count: 774
  4. Marked by a teacher

    Factors that may influence communication and interpersonal interaction in health and social care setting

    3 star(s)

    Pictures and objects of reference - Painting, photographs, sculptures, architecture, and ornaments can communicate messages and emotion to people. People often take photographs or buy souvenirs to remind them of the happy experiences and emotions they have had. Communication passports - There are usually books that contain practical information about a person. The passport can help health and care workers to understand the personal and communication needs of a person with communication difficulties. Communication passport can also have photographs or drawings that may help care worker understand the person who owns the passport.

    • Word count: 921
  5. Marked by a teacher

    Factors Affecting Health

    3 star(s)

    Lifestyle Choices A lifestyle choice is the view that people are free to choose their way of life. For example, people may be free to choose a healthy diet, a healthy balance of rest and exercise and healthy habits such as only moderate drinking of alcohol and not smoking. Some of the choices that individuals make that affect their health and well-being is: Smoking There are not many smokers about who started smoking after the age of eighteen. In fact, the majority of smokers took up the habit in their early or mid teens. At such a young age, they don't really think about the health risks of smoking and they certainly do not realise how addictive smoking can be.

    • Word count: 800
  6. Marked by a teacher

    Describe The Behaviourist Perspective And Say How It Might Relate To Health And Social Care

    3 star(s)

    * Neo Behaviourism - This is a new development. The best known example is Social Learning Theory (Bandura). It was an attempt to reformulate learning theory to include a role for cognitive factors. The idea of this theory is that we learn through indirect rewards as well as direct rewards. Behaviourism has had an enormous influence through its behaviour rather than introspection, and its insistence on studying behaviour in controlled conditions. However this theory has been rejected by most psychologists. Behaviourists and social learning theorists are some of the examples of scientists and psychologists who come down strongly on the nurture side of the debate.

    • Word count: 965
  7. Marked by a teacher

    Health and safety in sport

    3 star(s)

    Sport plays a major part in the personal, social and physical development of young people. All young people should have the opportunity to develop those skills and be able to participate in sport and leisure activities in an environment free from discrimination an without risk to there personal health and safety. Gateshead stadium and St James Park are sports grounds and are under a another act the safety of sports act 1975 and also the Fire Safety and Safety of Places of Sport Act 1987 are concerned with addressing risks to spectators at sports grounds but not with the risks to participants, who are normally covered by the general requirements of the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974.

    • Word count: 766
  8. Marked by a teacher

    Did the Medical Renaissance Improve Heath and Treatments?

    3 star(s)

    She also followed some of the work of Paracelus who attacked Galen's ideas about the four humours. She had many new ideas of her own, many that did improve health. She challenged Galen and tried new treatments. Many of which were based on herbs. She treated Jaundice, smallpox, fevers, skin diseases, cramp, melancholy and many other diseases. Richard Wiseman lived after Grace and was a surgeon who passed on his knowledge to younger surgeons. He read the works of Greek and Roman doctors. He reffered to Hippocrate's and Galen and followed some of their ideas.

    • Word count: 496
  9. Marked by a teacher

    How has public health improved in the 20th Century?

    3 star(s)

    Builders built houses back to back so that they could cut on expenditure and fit more people in. The only toilets for these houses were at the end of the row, meaning communal, imagine if someone in that row had a disease, then it would most probably be passed to the rest of the people living on that row. There were no gardens. This caused major ill health and in 1909 it was banned. This improved public health because it meant every house would have some open space either at the front or back of their house and they would not have to share bathing facilities, which improved sanitation.

    • Word count: 649

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