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AS and A Level: Healthcare

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  • Marked by Teachers essays 191
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  1. Marked by a teacher

    p1: explain the purpose and role of research for the health and social care sector

    5 star(s)

    This is so the practitioners can predict and plan for the future. Epidemiology investigates the cause, prevalence and spread of disease. Therefore the feedback from this research is very important and it is to help develop strategies to prevent and treat diseases. An example of this research is the United Kingdom Childhood Cancer study which started in 1990 and published early findings in 2000. The above shows how important research is for the health and social care industry. Obtaining feedback on the services is also important this is to use research strategies to find out how effective the service is and if it meets quality standards.

    • Word count: 1095
  2. Marked by a teacher

    P2. Explain different sociological approaches to health and well being

    4 star(s)

    if a person born into a low income family with little option to move from or improve the quality of their home if it is infested with vermin or is damp, is more likely to suffer with poor health and well-being than a person born into a family with a better income. Either way, studies have shown that the lower you are on the SES, the more likely you are to suffer with poor health and well-being, as having less money to live off affects your health and well-being in many different ways such as: 1.

    • Word count: 1951
  3. Marked by a teacher

    Improving access to s****l health services

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    Providing young people with a service that is in a familiar environment that also fits well in with their lives, they are young person-centred which helps to also stop inequality Outcome of initiative Sarah?s actions Impact on young people Impact on society Easier access to services Sara takes visits to colleges and intorduces new schemes that the people who attend college are likely to take part in for example an open service that offers free tests and a free gift ie.

    • Word count: 1006
  4. Marked by a teacher

    Explain key characteristics and concepts of Humanistic Therapy, Psychodynamic therapy & Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy

    4 star(s)

    Trust ? This will be given by the client as long as the counsellor uses the core conditions and abides by the code of ethics. Trust is vital for the relationship to be successful. Equality ? The relationship must be equal with no judgementalism, no higher or lower positioning. The relationship must begin and end with both as equals. Counselling Skills ? A counsellor must know and use their skills at all times throughout the relationship. This makes the client feel they are safe and not alone and that their worries are being listened to and manageable with the counsellor beside them.

    • Word count: 1419
  5. Marked by a teacher

    Evaluate Biomedical and Socio Medical models of Health

    4 star(s)

    This approach to health is used mostly in the western world. It?s popular and useful because it uses scientific methods, the treatment and care of people is cheaper, expert knowledge is used to achieve the results and public health has been improved. It has one focus; the actual person (biological process), rather than the social and emotional process of the individual. The biomedical model of health looks at individual physical functioning and describes bad health and illness as the presence of disease and ill symptoms as a result of physical causes such as injury or infections. The aim of it is to identify people who are at risk from a disease.

    • Word count: 1529
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    Explain different psychological approaches to health practice.

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    Another time the behaviourist theory is used in health care includes when patients are recovering from alcoholism, they are given a drug that when mixed with alcohol produces undesirable physiological effects such as nausea and vomiting. This helps the patient associate the alcohol with the horrible effects, making the need and want to drink alcohol less and less desirable. This is a case of classical conditioning. Cognitive learning theorists believe that learning is an internal process in which information is integrated into one?s cognitive structure.

    • Word count: 1217
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    Types of communication and interpersonal interactions

    4 star(s)

    You might engage in a conversation in a residential home, a hospital, in a nursery, in a care home, etc. You are likely to be communicating with doctors, social workers, nurses or family. The two main contexts of communication are one-to-one and group interaction. One-to-one interaction is the act of an individual communicating with another. It must be kept private and confidential. For example I have had a one to one interaction with a child while I was dressing him up. Group interactions are normally preformed by two or more people and do not have to specifically be kept confidential.

    • Word count: 1194
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    Produce a written assignment showing an understanding of the four main tissue types (epithelial, muscle, connective and nervous) and what they do in the heart and the intestine.

    4 star(s)

    In the Intestines- The apical surface of epithelial cells may have tiny projections called microvilli. These function to increase surface area. For example, microvilli on intestinal cells increase the surface area available for absorption. Absorption is an important function of epithelial tissue within the intestines. The surface of the small intestine is lined with simple columnar epithelium. This type of epithelium appears as a single layer of tall, column-shaped cells with oblong nuclei. The primary function of this type of epithelium is absorption of nutrients, secretion of digestive juices as well as secretion of mucus by goblet cells.

    • Word count: 1739
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    Understand why effective communication is important in the work setting. Identify the different reasons people communicate

    4 star(s)

    Communication plays a vital part in our survival, for example a baby screams (which is a form of communication) when it is hungry. Our survival and success as humans has been dependant on our ability to communicate. People communicate for different reasons, which are as follows: * To teach: We communicate is to impart knowledge and to teach. This way of communication allows future generations to acquire the knowledge and expand on it. Examples of this include information about what products are safe to eat or how to invent. * To learn: Communication is also used in the other direction for the reason to learn and understand.

    • Word count: 1077
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    Review Strategies used in health and social care environments to overcome barriers to effective communication and interpersonal interactions

    4 star(s)

    A disadvantage of reflective listening is that is a person has low self esteem or is angry or is upset they may not want to take the feedback the professional has said, or would get annoyed or think that the professional is not helping them as they are using the individuals own words to tell them what they have already said. Another negative point to do with reflective or active listening is that when a professional may say "do you think you tell me some more about what happened?"

    • Word count: 1225
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    Describe the different concepts of ill health

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    The biomedical model of health is adopted by functionalists because functionalists want people who are ill to try to regain good health as soon as possible; this is because functionalists see illness as dysfunctional in society. When someone is ill they cannot work and are excused from being part of society, therefore it is necessary for society that people adopt the sick role and get well as soon as possible. This is a negative concept of health because the biomedical model aims to try and only be free from ill-health.

    • Word count: 1947
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    Factors that affect learning for different individuals. The factors that currently influence my learning do have a strong impact; my chosen lifestyle means that I need to be employed and work a minimum of sixteen hours per week in order to pay the bills.

    4 star(s)

    The time that I spend at work means I have limited time to complete any college work so therefore I need to be motivated continuously to attend college, work and complete assignments. Not only am I influenced by factors that I have chosen but I am also influenced by my peers and friends- these are outside influences. My lifestyle consists of my boyfriend and I renting an apartment together, we both work to pay the rent and bills as well as the necessities of life such as food.

    • Word count: 1641
  13. Marked by a teacher

    Health & Social Care: Unit 3 AO1

    4 star(s)

    All of the aspects must be looked after and maintained to be truly healthy. Definitions of health can be of a positive or a negative nature. To define health as simply the absence of illness or disease is a negative view. As it suggests health is not that appreciated until it is lost. Simply defining someone as unhealthy, for having something as insignificant as a cold, would be inaccurate; as everyone is at least a little bit ill from time to time, regardless of their overall health. When the World Health Organisation (WHO) was set up in 1948, they defined health as "a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity".

    • Word count: 1961
  14. Marked by a teacher

    Health and safety legislation. - Health and safety at work act 1974

    4 star(s)

    Data Protection Act 1998 There are many ways to principle the Act with apply to paper and computer. This helps the health services deals with information which will be held by the service users. All settings need to be aware of the responsibilities the Act place upon them. * Data may only be used for the specific purposes for which it was collected. * Data must not be disclosed to other people without the consent of the individual who it is about, unless there is legislation or other overriding legitimate reason to share the information (for example, the prevention or detection of crime).

    • Word count: 1414
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    Evaluate the requirements of health care workers in terms of providing a competent workforce for the health sector

    4 star(s)

    Reliability means not only turning up on time, but carrying out the various tasks on time, so that patients do not have to wait longer than necessary because too much time has been spent with the previous patient, or do not feel as though they are being hurried along so the health care can get back on schedule and deal with other tasks. Making patients wait means they become irritated, and feel that their time is not really appreciated, while hurrying them along means that they could forget to mention something that is relevant to their treatment or they feel that they are not being treated as an individual.

    • Word count: 1173
  16. Marked by a teacher

    Discuss the nature-nurture debate in relation to individual development

    4 star(s)

    I am going to now going to demonstrate this in a table below: Problem Explanation Ill health Poor mobility or problems with hearing or vision may make interaction with other people more difficult Retirement Retiring from work may mean less contact with colleagues in a social setting Travel and technology Some older people do not have access to a care, the internet or a mobile phone which may limit opportunities for social contact Ill-health of friends and relatives If friends or relatives have poor mobility or other disabilities they may have reduced social contact with you Geographical mobility Many people retire to areas away from friends and relatives.

    • Word count: 1502
  17. Marked by a teacher

    Describe the standard precautions for the prevention and control of infection in a health and social care workplace.

    4 star(s)

    * Handle and dispose of bed linen correctly. * Dispose of sharps and clinical waste correctly. * Clean/disinfect spillages of blood/body fluids as per guidance. * Maintain a clean environment to minimise the accumulation bacteria potentially harmful to patients. * Immunisations and infection control * Principles of good hygiene * Importance of appropriate protective clothing * General cleanliness * Principles of isolation nursing * Immunisation and infection control * Safe practice procedures * Management of outbreaks of infection Another common practice is that when in health care workers look are looking at areas of a patient's body which are prone to spread infection or are vulnerable to infection they wear protective clothing.

    • Word count: 1025
  18. Marked by a teacher

    Factors that influence communication and interactions with relation to health and social care

    4 star(s)

    Another factor about the environment that will influence communication is lighting. The environment that communication is taking place in needs to be well lit but not so bright it stuns the eyes. This is particularly important in a deaf school where the students need to be situated where the lighting provides good enough visibility to lip read or understand the signer's signs. The amount of noise in a communication environment is also important. Sometimes an area will be too noisy for someone to be able to hear and take in the messages being sent to them.

    • Word count: 1162
  19. Marked by a teacher

    factors that support and inhabit communication

    4 star(s)

    The seating patterns should be in such a way that everyone can see and hear one another. Sitting in circle group tells everyone is equal and lets everyone to speak. They can share and discuss information. Other seating pattern is half-circle in which teachers sit in the middle of it. It tells that though we all are equal most of the communication are done by teachers etc. The setting arrangement and spaces can be the barrier of communication which prevents on exchanging non verbal messages.

    • Word count: 1140
  20. Marked by a teacher

    Drugs and Alcohol.

    4 star(s)

    I ended up giving some lip to a policeman and being put in a cell! Miles, 17 - If alcohol disappeared there'd be no way to enjoy yourself. People take drugs and drink alcohol differently, and these different ways are put into three different categories. Some people take a drug or drink alcohol because they are curious about what the effects feel like. This is called experimentation. Recreational drugs is a term used to describe the ways in which people take drugs or drink alcohol for pleasure, or for social reasons - when going to a club or a party for example.

    • Word count: 1753
  21. Marked by a teacher

    Describe and Discuss Two Alternative Psychological Approaches To Abnormal Behaviour

    4 star(s)

    Some people have no self worth or confidence at all, either through something that has happened to them at some time or just simply because they are who they are. They constantly think of themselves as useless or stupid. Whatever they do in life they feel they haven't done good enough or could have done better. Although the aim of all cognitive therapy is the same, they differ slightly with different psychologists. Beck's idea was that depressives see themselves as victims, having negative thoughts about themselves, the world and the future, and these thoughts seem to come automatically and involuntarily.

    • Word count: 1879
  22. Marked by a teacher

    Unit 10 P1 & P2. Reasons for a child entering the care system

    3 star(s)

    There are times when social workers and other professionals involved with the child?s safety they may be removed into care via the police or courts. In these cases children may need emergency fostering care for these children maybe needed for many months. Many children are able to return home after a period in foster care but some may move onto other family members who are to care for them rather than their birth parents where it is not possible for a child to return to their own family then we need to find a new permanent home for them this is when we look for adopters or for longer term foster carers depending on the needs of the children involved.

    • Word count: 1030
  23. Marked by a teacher

    Discuss nature and nurture in health and social care

    3 star(s)

    People who believe in the nature part of the debate would think that because the child was exposed to drugs when they were younger, then they are more likely to be involved with drug use when they are of an older age. What is Nurture? Nurture is the other part of the debate and it is the opposite of nature.

    • Word count: 1289
  24. Marked by a teacher

    Explain the role of effective communication and interpersonal interaction in a health and social care context.

    3 star(s)

    Certain people wouldn?t be able to understand certain informal words so that is why you sometimes have to adjust your use of language. I observed an informal interaction between two 4 year olds, who were playing in the house area. During their role play they were pretending to be a doctor at a doctors surgery, however the language they were using was not what would be expected in a realistic situation. One of them told the other ?here?s a special drink, it tastes nice and it?ll make you feel better?.

    • Word count: 1386
  25. Marked by a teacher

    I shall be assessing the different psychological approaches and these are the psychodynamic, biomedical, behaviourist and cognitive approaches.

    3 star(s)

    However this can be seen as a disadvantage to others as the biomedical model is allowing patients to be dependant on doctors and their technology and they are not improving their lifestyle by themselves. For example people that are overweight are depending on surgery and gastric bands which are funded by the NHS and are not losing weight themselves by exercising. Moreover biomedical model also has some strength in its use of drug therapies as this therapy is effective in controlling psychological symptoms and this can be seen as treating the individual with illnesses such as depression.

    • Word count: 1016

Health and Social Care at A level is a strong preparation for those wishing to enter this important and growing field. The course is designed to ensure that learning is based around a work-centred approach and often there are opportunities to get involved in related work experience. The subject is a mix of compulsory and optional units and youll be studying the concept of efficient caring, communication and health issues, the practical realities of care provision and human development and behaviour.

The assessment will be made up of a variety of methods: portfolio's of evidence, presentations and examinations. Marked by Teachers has a large collection of essays which cover a wide range of Health and Social Care topics to help you develop your written skills.

If you are considering taking the subject further, there are many essays in Healthcare at university level to help you make the transition between A level and degree.


Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • "Cannabis should be legalised" clearly discuss the points for (pros) and against (cons). you should also show where your sympathies lie"

    "Keith Hellawell (the former government drugs expert) described cannabis as a "gateway drug"; he believes it leads to the miss use of harder substances. However, the statistics show that many young people under the age of 25 have tried cannabis (approximately 20%) and the percentage who go on to use harder drugs such as heroin is very small (less than 2%). This shows that the argument that cannabis use leads to the use of harder drugs is unfounded. I believe that cannabis should be legalised. I have shown that in has many medical values and I believe that people should not be punished for using cannabis to relieve pain from debilitating conditions. However, the medical values are not without unpredictable side effects and I believe a lot more research into the medicinal use of cannabis is needed. The topic of the legalisation of cannabis will continue to be an area of debate until scientists are able to agree on the medical uses and possible side effect of cannabis."

  • Discuss the interplay of infectious agents and the immune system in pathogenesis of arthritis.

    "In conclusion, it is clear to see that there is much interplay between the immune system & infectious agents in the pathogenicity of arthritis. It is clear that there is a balance that needs to be achieved by the immune system in dealing with infectious agents - and it seems that subtle imbalances can lead to the most heinous of diseases. Although there is still much for the scientific community to learn about the mechanistic pathology involved, our current knowledge is allowing relatively effective treatment of different manifestations of arthritis and offering a continually improving prognosis for sufferers. Downing College Jubin Joseph"

  • The Difference between Person Centred and Psychodynamic therapy. Wheeler and McLeod (1995) briefly compare the key principles of Person Centred and Psychodynamic approach and critically evaluate where the approaches part company with one another

    "In conclusion I think that there are benefits to both of the counselling approaches and combined persons centred and psychodynamic approaches and together would be a good way to approach counselling however this is debated over widely and not always considered plausible but I think it depends on the therapists individual skills and the model of therapy they use with a client .overall I think that both approaches aim to help the client excel but have very different ways of approaching this and in terms of focusing on a individuals recovery and their overall well being I believe the person centred approach succeeds."

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