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AS and A Level: Healthcare

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  • Marked by Teachers essays 191
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  1. Marked by a teacher

    Illustrate how to promote service users` rights and responsibilities.

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    in treatment * has requested to see their medical records or wants to change doctors * is ill * has learning difficulties * is too young to understand Self advocacy may be more suitable in some situations; it is a process where service users receive training and support to develop the skills necessary to speak out for themselves, and in doing so achieve greater independence, (Fisher, 2006). Advocacy should always be available in care settings as it allows vulnerable individuals who are unable to communicate their needs and wishes effectively, to have a voice.

    • Word count: 3067
  2. Marked by a teacher

    Explain two specific behaviors using psychological perspectives

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    These specific phobias are animal, natural environment, blood or injury, situational and others such as choking, vomiting etc. Animal and insect phobias are when the individuals are scared of for e.g. dogs, worms' etc. natural environment phobias are when the individual is scared of water, heights etc. Blood phobias are when the individual is scared of blood and may faint. Situational phobias are when the individual fears a certain situation and tries to avoid it for e.g. flying on a plane. Other phobias are where an individual might throw up of they smell or see someone else throwing up.

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  3. Marked by a teacher

    The Role of Energy in the Body and the Physiology of Three Named Body Systems in Relation to Energy Metabolism.

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    Dissolved oxygen passes through the thin alveolar walls into the bloodstream and Is transported to cells. Body cells thus have a constant delivery of raw materials such as glucose and other nutrients and dissolved oxygen so that the breakdown (catabolic) process of glucose oxidation can take place and release energy to do work. This takes place initially in the cytoplasm and is completed in the mitochondria. Cardiovascular System. The heart is a muscular pump which forces blood around the body through a system of blood vessels, namely arteries, veins and capillaries.

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  4. Marked by a teacher

    Explain key influences on the personal learning processes of individuals. Assess the impact of key influences on the personal learning processes on your own learning.

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    Illness and disability can also be barriers to learning, illness can stop you from attending education that you are in, and because of pain and discomfort it would make it very difficult to concentrate while the person was there. Disability can cause many problems, if a person is physically disabled it can make it hard for them to travel, problems getting into the building and around the building where they are learning depending on the disabled access it has. D1 Evaluate how personal learning and development may benefit others.

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  5. Marked by a teacher

    Development from conception to age 16.

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    On the other hand, if a child, from an early age have no contact with any human being and is raised with no love or social interactions it can have serious consequences. An example of this is with the rare cases of feral children. A feral child is a human child who has lived isolated from human contact from young age and who had none or very little experience of social or emotional behaviour. The Meggit childcare and education book (2006)

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    Describes the legislation and Organisational requirements in care settings such as Queensland that ensure good practice in dealing with confidentiality.

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    * Securely kept. * Not transferred to any other country without enough protection. What does the Data Protection Act 1998 apply to? The Data Protection Act 1998 applies to personal information. This is data about living, identified or identifiable individuals and includes information such as names and addresses, bank details, and opinions expressed about an individual. (http://www.businesslink.gov.uk/bdotg/action/detail?itemId=1074414298&type=RESOURCES) when Data Protection Act is applied to the care settings, it gives every service user some rights relating to their personal data and how to access it which are very important for every individual if Data Protection Act is applied to their settings, these rights are: * The right of gain access to their records - this right gives them the right to see what information is written about them.

    • Word count: 4887
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    Summarise the factors which may influence the health and development of babies in the first year of their lives.

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    Babies are very vulnerable to infections because their immune systems are developing. Some childhood illnesses such as measles and whooping cough can leave babies with permanent disabilities and in some cases cause stunted growth. Antenatal factors also influence the development of the baby as during pregnancy the mother may have taken illegal drugs or alcohol. This can cause the baby to have an addiction due to this they will need to be weaned off it. Infections can also pass through the umbilical cord such as rubella, which can leave the baby deaf or blind when born.

    • Word count: 4869
  8. Marked by a teacher

    Unit 18. Summarise the factors which may influence the health and -development of babies in the first year of their lives. Describe how indoor and outdoor environments can be made safe, reassuring and stimulating

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    This can be caused by the umbilical cord becoming entangled. As a result of this, the baby can be left with permanent brain damage. Using analgesic drugs during labour is also a risk. E2-Describe how indoor and outdoor environments can be made safe, reassuring and stimulating The indoor environment can be made safe by making sure the children are never left alone, as this can cause accidents. There should always be the correct staff to baby ratio, which is 1:3. Whilst the baby sleeps, the practitioners should be aware of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome and keep the baby at the end of the cot.

    • Word count: 4187
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    Describe physical, intellectual, emotional and social development through the life stages

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    live offspring from conception until childbirth The time it takes from conception to birth is known as gestation period which lasts for around 40 weeks, it can be earlier or longer than that depending on complications, the time starts from the mother's last period. For people who have used artificial insemination or vitro fertilisation (IVF) it only lasts 38 weeks. There are three stages to pregnancy these are called trimesters, which lasts three months each. The name embryo is used to describe the human developing in the first eight weeks of gestation.

    • Word count: 3785
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    Describe physical, intellectual, emotional and social development throughout life stages.

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    At one year old some children can say about three whole words which usually include mom and dad. Were as other infants can babble sounds that sound like words or even use facial expressions and eye movement to communicate. At this stage a child has an emotional attachment to their parent. The child cries when they are feeling uncomfortable such as, being cold, wet, and hungry or when they are hurt. There feelings are very sensitive and can sense happiness, distress and anger and be guided by their parent's emotions by the age of one. At the beginning of these stages the infant's social development is with their parents.

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  11. Marked by a teacher

    CACHE 3 Childcare learning and development unit1

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    which ensures all children have the opportunity to develop through play. E2 The setting must allow children to experience new challenges which will help them to learn new skills and become more independent. Children need to learn to manage risk and we can help them to do this by providing activities involving an acceptable level of risk and challenge which are appropriate to their age and ability. Activities should be of a wide range, so that the child has a choice on which to take part in , this allows the child to progress in their own way and at their own pace.

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    Promoting a healthy environment for children. Legislation aimed at promoting emotional and physical health.

    4 star(s)

    The Every Child Matters program& all the services are important, because they ensure that all children are protected& their welfare& well being is promoted. These outcomes are to ensure children's well being and show clearly that educational achievement is the best way to improve a child's well being in all ways. Enjoying& achieving links to emotional well- being which is linked to being healthy. This legislation is very effective and has a major impact on children's health now and in later life positively.

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    Psychological Approaches in The Care Setting

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    Relating to the Operant Conditioning theory to a human's perspective, we will look at a child with persistent tantrums. A child's behaviour is dictated primarily by the actions and teachings of their parents. Children as emotions develop psychologically seek attention. If parents are not strong willed and abler to stand firm, they will often give treats in an attempt to stop the tantrums occurring. Over a short period of time however, this proves a positive reinforcement of the child's behaviour and they quickly learn that if they throw a tantrum they will be offered with a treat.

    • Word count: 3156
  14. Marked by a teacher

    Promoting a healthy environment for children

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    Practitioners should encourage children to do exercise outside of the setting as well as inside. They could do this by joining Walk to School 2008, when the practitioners talk about this with the children they are able to learn about the benefits of walking, road safety, awareness and the environment around them. 50% of children do not walk to school regularly and more are being driven to and from school, by being driven children are reducing their physical activity. * Risk assessments identify and minimise risks, they are not created to make an environment risk free.

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    Care Practice and Provision

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    Knowing the age profile of a population also helps to project the cost of health and social care services, since that cost varies with age. This will help the planning departments when applying for government funding. Each different age has specific needs, and knowing the future age distribution will enable service providers to plan for the future. Knowing for example how many children are going to be of primary school age in 5 years time can allow planners to determine how many school places are needed at a local level.

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    Investigating Diseases. I will be looking at and comparing communicable and non communicable diseases. HIV and lung cancer.

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    Disorders like depression bulimia and substance abuse also create physical effects. In the same way, alcoholism, addictations and arthritis can have physiological affects and depression and bulimia can be seen as having foundations in the present society. Epidemiology is defined as the branch of medical science concerned with the occurrence and control of diseases in the population. It is used to study both communicable and non communicable diseases. Epidemiologists find out the factors that can cause disease or the change of disease and they prevent the spread of both communicable and non communicable diseases.

    • Word count: 4235
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    Understanding and using research

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    Survey- This is used to find out facts about the individual, it asks them questions such as what, where, when and how. This can be carried out through questionnaires. Surveys are used to investigate a specific area or topic. They are filled by individuals in order to find out facts about the topic that is being discussed. Surveys ask questions such as what, where, how and, when, on the issue being discussed. This helps the researcher to discover the comparisons in the answers provided from the public to give them a better idea of what the cause and effect of the issue might be.

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    I was in the lounge talking to Mary (one of the residents) when Joan (another resident) shouted for a nurse to come. Joan shouted several times for the nurse but no one came, despite a care worker walking past several times. The lounge was quite noisy as the television was on and another resident had the stereo on but I'm sure Joan could still have been heard. Joan had been shouting for a while before anybody came in to see what she wanted. When the care assistant did come over to see what she wanted she did it in a way that would have made Joan feel like an inconvenience.

    • Word count: 5538
  19. Marked by a teacher

    Positive Care Environments. In my assignment I have chosen to focus on the rights of the elderly care at a residential home.

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    For this assignment I will be focussing on elderly care. I will need to understand that no matter who you are everyone is entitled to a high level of care and professionalism. To ensure this acts have been set out set by the government by which we must abide, I will explain this later. All patients/clients have a right to be treated fairly, without discrimination or prejudice regardless of their background or social status. Prejudice is to pre-judge or to preconceive opinions about a certain group of people.

    • Word count: 4001
  20. Marked by a teacher

    barriers to communication

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    Also other peoples rights may be compromised as part of another persons rights. I am working with different age groups as well and they will react differently to the two interactions that I will be doing with them. This is because each of the different age groups have a different levels of understanding and this may become a barrier, age differences between me and the service user. Before I started my interaction I got some advice on abuse and protection at the two different care setting I got told that the primary school had a document "Safeguarding Children and Safer Recruitment in Education", I also took my time out to read a little more about this online.

    • Word count: 8430
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    Equality and diversity rights in a social care setting

    3 star(s)

    Prejudice- for the care worker to put aside own prejudice or change their own beliefs, they will need to think about their attitudes and how it will affect carer and client relationships. There are support groups and training available and this will give carers the opportunity to evaluate their beliefs and attitudes towards an ethnic minority. Stereotyping and labelling- stereotyping is when a person applies their own prejudices and beliefs that all members of a group are the same. Stereotyping in a health and social care setting can lead to discrimination.

    • Word count: 4731
  22. Marked by a teacher

    Equality diversity and rights in health and social care

    3 star(s)

    As early years practitioners, it is important to make sure our behaviour at work is highly professional at all times and adheres to the policies and procedures of the setting. Its also important to remember that our work is in a regulated setting and requires the confidence of parents and families. Therefore our behaviour outside of work may also affect our work status. Equality Equality means treating people in a way that is appropriate for their needs. For example, if Michael Flanders wanted to board the plane, it would be no good saying to him, "you have the same stairs as everybody else".

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    I will also need to consider what the benefits of these are including consideration of safety while carrying out the activity. I will particularly be looking at the four main areas of children's needs these are: ? Physical needs ? Intellectual needs ? Emotional needs ? Social needs Early childhood is a time of tremendous growth and development for children in each of the following ways: physical, intellectual, emotional and social (3). When looking at well-being and linking it with the activities that I have chosen, I can see that this will develop the physical needs of the children as

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  24. Marked by a teacher

    influences of genetic, environment and socio economic factors on the development of the individual

    3 star(s)

    Most children with Down's syndrome learn to talk, walk and write. Children with Down's syndrome will not start to use language until their third year, and may use some sign language before talking. Parents/carers have to watch for health problems with children with Down's syndrome. Especially because their immune systems makes them prone to infections, particularly in the chest and sinus'. Young people with Down's syndrome have regular physical examinations (annually - or more if needed) including developmental issues, such as physical growth and s****l maturation. There are higher medical concerns with people with Down's syndrome during health education discussions - the physician should emphasise a health lifestyle for them. E.g.

    • Word count: 5062
  25. Managing stress. Internal and External stress factors, Physiological and Psychological effects of stress and Current legislation governing workplace stress

    Becoming obsessed with the noise - Becoming obsessed with noise can cause a lot of stress, it may be just the simple sound of hearing the doorbell ring while your actually sitting at your desk doing work, but all in all obsession with noise can become quite serious and lead people to become very paranoid about the things they hear and can lead them to constantly doubt themselves. May lose Concentration - Constant noise and lack of sleep will often cause people to lose concentration and be distracted easily; this leaves you prone to falling behind in your work and becoming less productive, which leads to stress.

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Health and Social Care at A level is a strong preparation for those wishing to enter this important and growing field. The course is designed to ensure that learning is based around a work-centred approach and often there are opportunities to get involved in related work experience. The subject is a mix of compulsory and optional units and youll be studying the concept of efficient caring, communication and health issues, the practical realities of care provision and human development and behaviour.

The assessment will be made up of a variety of methods: portfolio's of evidence, presentations and examinations. Marked by Teachers has a large collection of essays which cover a wide range of Health and Social Care topics to help you develop your written skills.

If you are considering taking the subject further, there are many essays in Healthcare at university level to help you make the transition between A level and degree.


Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • "Cannabis should be legalised" clearly discuss the points for (pros) and against (cons). you should also show where your sympathies lie"

    "Keith Hellawell (the former government drugs expert) described cannabis as a "gateway drug"; he believes it leads to the miss use of harder substances. However, the statistics show that many young people under the age of 25 have tried cannabis (approximately 20%) and the percentage who go on to use harder drugs such as heroin is very small (less than 2%). This shows that the argument that cannabis use leads to the use of harder drugs is unfounded. I believe that cannabis should be legalised. I have shown that in has many medical values and I believe that people should not be punished for using cannabis to relieve pain from debilitating conditions. However, the medical values are not without unpredictable side effects and I believe a lot more research into the medicinal use of cannabis is needed. The topic of the legalisation of cannabis will continue to be an area of debate until scientists are able to agree on the medical uses and possible side effect of cannabis."

  • Discuss the interplay of infectious agents and the immune system in pathogenesis of arthritis.

    "In conclusion, it is clear to see that there is much interplay between the immune system & infectious agents in the pathogenicity of arthritis. It is clear that there is a balance that needs to be achieved by the immune system in dealing with infectious agents - and it seems that subtle imbalances can lead to the most heinous of diseases. Although there is still much for the scientific community to learn about the mechanistic pathology involved, our current knowledge is allowing relatively effective treatment of different manifestations of arthritis and offering a continually improving prognosis for sufferers. Downing College Jubin Joseph"

  • The Difference between Person Centred and Psychodynamic therapy. Wheeler and McLeod (1995) briefly compare the key principles of Person Centred and Psychodynamic approach and critically evaluate where the approaches part company with one another

    "In conclusion I think that there are benefits to both of the counselling approaches and combined persons centred and psychodynamic approaches and together would be a good way to approach counselling however this is debated over widely and not always considered plausible but I think it depends on the therapists individual skills and the model of therapy they use with a client .overall I think that both approaches aim to help the client excel but have very different ways of approaching this and in terms of focusing on a individuals recovery and their overall well being I believe the person centred approach succeeds."

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