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AS and A Level: Healthcare

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  • Marked by Teachers essays 191
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  1. Marked by a teacher

    Unit 5-The principles underpinning the role of the Practitioner working with children

    5 star(s)

    If an adult is inconsistent in their approach, children will fell unsecure and may react with negative behaviour. As a early year's practitioner you have to be self-awareness. Working with parents is an essential part of your role as an early year's practitioner. You will need to be able to listen to parents' recommendations and wishes regarding their child and keep a relationship of mutual trust and respect. For children of all ages to obtain effective care and education, parents must be accredited as their children's main carers and first educators. When working with parents it is really important to consider their wishes and to offer them high standards for their child.

    • Word count: 7073
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    Illustrate how to promote service users` rights and responsibilities.

    5 star(s)

    in treatment * has requested to see their medical records or wants to change doctors * is ill * has learning difficulties * is too young to understand Self advocacy may be more suitable in some situations; it is a process where service users receive training and support to develop the skills necessary to speak out for themselves, and in doing so achieve greater independence, (Fisher, 2006). Advocacy should always be available in care settings as it allows vulnerable individuals who are unable to communicate their needs and wishes effectively, to have a voice.

    • Word count: 3067
  3. Marked by a teacher

    Explain two specific behaviors using psychological perspectives

    5 star(s)

    These specific phobias are animal, natural environment, blood or injury, situational and others such as choking, vomiting etc. Animal and insect phobias are when the individuals are scared of for e.g. dogs, worms' etc. natural environment phobias are when the individual is scared of water, heights etc. Blood phobias are when the individual is scared of blood and may faint. Situational phobias are when the individual fears a certain situation and tries to avoid it for e.g. flying on a plane. Other phobias are where an individual might throw up of they smell or see someone else throwing up.

    • Word count: 4530
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    Health and saftey in enviroment

    5 star(s)

    Spillage Secondly immediately on entering the canteen I noticed a rather large drink spillage which was right in the path of service users wanting to walk to get food, this is a serious hazard. Service users were at risk of slipping and falling over the spillage, most at risk were the blind service users as there would be unable to see the spillage also at more at risk are the older service users are they injure more when they fall however all the service users were at risk of injuring themselves.

    • Word count: 939
  5. Marked by a teacher

    The Role of Energy in the Body and the Physiology of Three Named Body Systems in Relation to Energy Metabolism.

    5 star(s)

    Dissolved oxygen passes through the thin alveolar walls into the bloodstream and Is transported to cells. Body cells thus have a constant delivery of raw materials such as glucose and other nutrients and dissolved oxygen so that the breakdown (catabolic) process of glucose oxidation can take place and release energy to do work. This takes place initially in the cytoplasm and is completed in the mitochondria. Cardiovascular System. The heart is a muscular pump which forces blood around the body through a system of blood vessels, namely arteries, veins and capillaries.

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    p1: explain the purpose and role of research for the health and social care sector

    5 star(s)

    This is so the practitioners can predict and plan for the future. Epidemiology investigates the cause, prevalence and spread of disease. Therefore the feedback from this research is very important and it is to help develop strategies to prevent and treat diseases. An example of this research is the United Kingdom Childhood Cancer study which started in 1990 and published early findings in 2000. The above shows how important research is for the health and social care industry. Obtaining feedback on the services is also important this is to use research strategies to find out how effective the service is and if it meets quality standards.

    • Word count: 1095
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    P2. Explain different sociological approaches to health and well being

    4 star(s)

    if a person born into a low income family with little option to move from or improve the quality of their home if it is infested with vermin or is damp, is more likely to suffer with poor health and well-being than a person born into a family with a better income. Either way, studies have shown that the lower you are on the SES, the more likely you are to suffer with poor health and well-being, as having less money to live off affects your health and well-being in many different ways such as: 1.

    • Word count: 1951
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    Improving access to s****l health services

    4 star(s)

    Providing young people with a service that is in a familiar environment that also fits well in with their lives, they are young person-centred which helps to also stop inequality Outcome of initiative Sarah?s actions Impact on young people Impact on society Easier access to services Sara takes visits to colleges and intorduces new schemes that the people who attend college are likely to take part in for example an open service that offers free tests and a free gift ie.

    • Word count: 1006
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    Discuss discriminatory practice within health and social care

    4 star(s)

    This could include treating someone differently to someone else. Covert abuse of power means that someone abuses their power in a manner which does not draw direct attention to them or the practice itself. It is a means of undermining anti-discriminatory policies through the use of secretive forms of discrimination. If you reported this kind of discriminatory practice then it is often very difficult to provide inclusive evidence to support this. Overt abuse of power is when a health and social care professional openly abuses their power. This is very similar to covert abuse of power, the only difference is that a professional will openly discriminate and abuse their power.

    • Word count: 2151
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    Explain key characteristics and concepts of Humanistic Therapy, Psychodynamic therapy & Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy

    4 star(s)

    Trust ? This will be given by the client as long as the counsellor uses the core conditions and abides by the code of ethics. Trust is vital for the relationship to be successful. Equality ? The relationship must be equal with no judgementalism, no higher or lower positioning. The relationship must begin and end with both as equals. Counselling Skills ? A counsellor must know and use their skills at all times throughout the relationship. This makes the client feel they are safe and not alone and that their worries are being listened to and manageable with the counsellor beside them.

    • Word count: 1419
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    Evaluate Biomedical and Socio Medical models of Health

    4 star(s)

    This approach to health is used mostly in the western world. It?s popular and useful because it uses scientific methods, the treatment and care of people is cheaper, expert knowledge is used to achieve the results and public health has been improved. It has one focus; the actual person (biological process), rather than the social and emotional process of the individual. The biomedical model of health looks at individual physical functioning and describes bad health and illness as the presence of disease and ill symptoms as a result of physical causes such as injury or infections. The aim of it is to identify people who are at risk from a disease.

    • Word count: 1529
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    Explain key influences on the personal learning processes of individuals. Assess the impact of key influences on the personal learning processes on your own learning.

    4 star(s)

    Illness and disability can also be barriers to learning, illness can stop you from attending education that you are in, and because of pain and discomfort it would make it very difficult to concentrate while the person was there. Disability can cause many problems, if a person is physically disabled it can make it hard for them to travel, problems getting into the building and around the building where they are learning depending on the disabled access it has. D1 Evaluate how personal learning and development may benefit others.

    • Word count: 3148
  13. Marked by a teacher

    Unit 4 - Children and Play

    4 star(s)

    In a school playground, children might play with b***s, swings, seesaws etc. This would also be cooperative play. D3 ? At a local park, children would use physical play. They would use this because they would be running, jumping and moving around using physical energy. In the school playground, physical play would again be used. Also, creative play would be used because children will make and play games using their own imagination. In a classroom, children will use drama play and use creative play because they will be thinking about what to do.

    • Word count: 630
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    Explain possible priorities and responses when dealing with two particular incidents or emergencies in a health or social care setting.

    4 star(s)

    I will be talking about two of these emergencies in more detail. A fire, can cause sudden panic as it is an unpredictable event. There are certain priorities that should be followed in the case of a fire. The first and most important thing to do would be to inform all service users, medical professionals, staff, visitors and any other persons inside the building that there is a fire. This would be done with the use of a fire alarm, as soon as an individual notices the fire or the signs of a possible fire they should trigger the alarm, in order to alert and inform everyone else of the danger.

    • Word count: 2227
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    Explain different psychological approaches to health practice.

    4 star(s)

    Another time the behaviourist theory is used in health care includes when patients are recovering from alcoholism, they are given a drug that when mixed with alcohol produces undesirable physiological effects such as nausea and vomiting. This helps the patient associate the alcohol with the horrible effects, making the need and want to drink alcohol less and less desirable. This is a case of classical conditioning. Cognitive learning theorists believe that learning is an internal process in which information is integrated into one?s cognitive structure.

    • Word count: 1217
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    Types of communication and interpersonal interactions

    4 star(s)

    You might engage in a conversation in a residential home, a hospital, in a nursery, in a care home, etc. You are likely to be communicating with doctors, social workers, nurses or family. The two main contexts of communication are one-to-one and group interaction. One-to-one interaction is the act of an individual communicating with another. It must be kept private and confidential. For example I have had a one to one interaction with a child while I was dressing him up. Group interactions are normally preformed by two or more people and do not have to specifically be kept confidential.

    • Word count: 1194
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    The aim of this assignment is to investigate the dietary requirements for people of different ages, gender and lifestyles.

    4 star(s)

    Between four to six months, the energy requirement is increased to 690/645. During this weaning stage the baby is fed pureed baby food, either homemade or shop bought, specifically for babies of that age and not contain any cow's milk, wheat, citrus fruits or added salt. At six months, solid foods can be introduced; as the energy requirements go up to 825/765 at seven months, 920/865 at ten. It is still important to avoid added salt during this time. At twelve months, cow's milk may replace breast milk to supplement what is now a solid food diet.

    • Word count: 1131
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    Childcare in Education Level 3, Unit 1. The different sectors involved in education and relevant legislation.

    4 star(s)

    One example of a private sector setting is a sports club which requires a membership or fee to join. They provide childcare, a safe place to come after school, going to private settings also enhances and develops language skills which the child may not have had before, a club gives the children a chance to get involved with extra curriculum activities and provides a chance to socialise with children from different backgrounds. The United Nation Convention for the Rights of Children produced 5 key articles which are: * an education and to have the right to achieve through equal opportunities.

    • Word count: 2665
  19. Marked by a teacher

    unit 2 the developing child - cache level 2 . Stages of development, influences and transitions.

    4 star(s)

    The observer should write as much as they can, according to Tassoni, P (2007) level 3 "The language that is used to record can also be subjective. Observers will not have the time to consider carefully the vocabulary that is being used and will probably put the first word which comes to mind. Afterwards, notes need to be written out so they are legible". While observing the observer will have to write in present tense. The teacher has to write as much as she can so that if anyone reads it he or she will get an image of the child and the problem he has.

    • Word count: 4004
  20. Marked by a teacher

    Antenatal screening tests

    4 star(s)

    An amniocentesis test is carried out to detect genetic disorders which include muscular dystrophy, haemophilia and sickle cell disorders. Blood tests are done to check for anaemia, spina bifida and blood groupings. Below are the previous main tests that are carried out during the pregnancy and the methods used. Amniocentesis An amniocentesis test is carried out during a woman's pregnancy. The aim of the test is to provide doctors with information concerned with the development of the foetus. The test shows whether the foetus has developed or could develop any abnormalities or serious health conditions such as diseases. A test such as amniocentesis is normally only offered to woman who appears to show signs of risk for their baby to develop or already have developed any abnormalities or a serious condition.

    • Word count: 1693
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    Unit 3 Health, Safety and Security in Health and Social Care. Describe how health and safety legislation, policies and procedures promote the safety of individuals in a health or social care setting.

    4 star(s)

    There should be separate chopping boards available for raw and ready-to-eat foods in the kitchen. Good hygiene should be practiced at all times because raw/uncooked foods can come into contact with cooked foods and this can cause food poisoning. http://archive.food.gov.uk/dept_health/archive/busguide/hygrc.htm Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations (RIDDOR) 1995 These regulations apply to employers, self-employed people and people who are in control of the premises. Their duty is to report incidents, work-related deaths and diseases, major injuries and dangerous happenings to the local council or the Health and Safety Executive - HSE.

    • Word count: 2086
  22. Marked by a teacher

    Legislation to prevent Adult Abuse

    4 star(s)

    Criminal records are generally kept confidential. Broadly, vetting is limited to protecting vulnerable people; to ensuring the probity of the administration of justice; and to matters of national security. This means, for example, that private employers will not usually have access to criminal records. However this is due to change in July 2002 when any employer will be able to obtain details of unspent convictions. The Police Act 1997 the Act contains provisions which bring into effect the proposals for access to criminal records for employment purposes and for the non-statutory voluntary sector which were set out in the White Paper On The Record.

    • Word count: 1826
  23. Marked by a teacher

    Cache level 3 unit 3- The Children Act 1989 has influenced setting by bringing together several sets of guidance and provided the foundation for many of the standards practitioners sustain and maintain when working with children.

    4 star(s)

    In practice this will mean that an organisation must be alert on how a setting promotes their service, recruits staff and make the service genuinely accessible to all. The Act defines two types of discrimination: 1. Direct Discrimination - where a person or organisation treats another person less favourably because of their colour, race, ethnic or racial origin. 2. Indirect Discrimination - where apparently everyone receives the same treatment, but where that treatment disadvantages people from a certain racial group.

    • Word count: 3576
  24. Marked by a teacher

    Review the use of verbal communication with service users in care settings and its purpose.

    4 star(s)

    to ask the same questions next time, which would signify to the service user that they were not being listened to * Being interesting - so that the service user wants to engage in the conversation * Having the ability to start and end conversations Care workers will also have to be assertive, and careful not to let the conversation drift off on to another topic. It is important that care workers are able to keep the service user focussed on the issue that needs addressing, so that any problems that have arisen can be resolved.

    • Word count: 985
  25. Marked by a teacher

    Explain how effective communication affects all aspects of your work.

    4 star(s)

    It is a two way process and the type of communication will vary depending on who you are communicating with and their age. The communication can be either verbal or non verbal. Non-verbal can include body language; touch eye contact, physical movement and behaviour as not everyone may be able to communicate through speech. Not only do you need to make sure you are getting the right message across to who you are communicating with, but also that they are understanding the message you are giving.

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Health and Social Care at A level is a strong preparation for those wishing to enter this important and growing field. The course is designed to ensure that learning is based around a work-centred approach and often there are opportunities to get involved in related work experience. The subject is a mix of compulsory and optional units and youll be studying the concept of efficient caring, communication and health issues, the practical realities of care provision and human development and behaviour.

The assessment will be made up of a variety of methods: portfolio's of evidence, presentations and examinations. Marked by Teachers has a large collection of essays which cover a wide range of Health and Social Care topics to help you develop your written skills.

If you are considering taking the subject further, there are many essays in Healthcare at university level to help you make the transition between A level and degree.


Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • "Cannabis should be legalised" clearly discuss the points for (pros) and against (cons). you should also show where your sympathies lie"

    "Keith Hellawell (the former government drugs expert) described cannabis as a "gateway drug"; he believes it leads to the miss use of harder substances. However, the statistics show that many young people under the age of 25 have tried cannabis (approximately 20%) and the percentage who go on to use harder drugs such as heroin is very small (less than 2%). This shows that the argument that cannabis use leads to the use of harder drugs is unfounded. I believe that cannabis should be legalised. I have shown that in has many medical values and I believe that people should not be punished for using cannabis to relieve pain from debilitating conditions. However, the medical values are not without unpredictable side effects and I believe a lot more research into the medicinal use of cannabis is needed. The topic of the legalisation of cannabis will continue to be an area of debate until scientists are able to agree on the medical uses and possible side effect of cannabis."

  • Discuss the interplay of infectious agents and the immune system in pathogenesis of arthritis.

    "In conclusion, it is clear to see that there is much interplay between the immune system & infectious agents in the pathogenicity of arthritis. It is clear that there is a balance that needs to be achieved by the immune system in dealing with infectious agents - and it seems that subtle imbalances can lead to the most heinous of diseases. Although there is still much for the scientific community to learn about the mechanistic pathology involved, our current knowledge is allowing relatively effective treatment of different manifestations of arthritis and offering a continually improving prognosis for sufferers. Downing College Jubin Joseph"

  • The Difference between Person Centred and Psychodynamic therapy. Wheeler and McLeod (1995) briefly compare the key principles of Person Centred and Psychodynamic approach and critically evaluate where the approaches part company with one another

    "In conclusion I think that there are benefits to both of the counselling approaches and combined persons centred and psychodynamic approaches and together would be a good way to approach counselling however this is debated over widely and not always considered plausible but I think it depends on the therapists individual skills and the model of therapy they use with a client .overall I think that both approaches aim to help the client excel but have very different ways of approaching this and in terms of focusing on a individuals recovery and their overall well being I believe the person centred approach succeeds."

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