Complementary Therapies

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BETC National Certificate in Care

Complementary Therapies (Unit15)

Date: 10 December 2006

To: Jo Brooks

From Chih-Lung Cheng

Date: 24th November / 23rd January, 2007

Introduction: on completion of this research project, I have first tried to find information on the internet and text books in the library, I then read through the papers and analyse the information I can use for this essay. This project is about 4 different complementary therapies based on a case study for a 75 years old lady, called Doris who has been suffering from arthritis which causes chronic back pain. She also experiences depression and unable to sleep as a result of her husband’s death.

At the moment Doris is keen to try complementary therapies but have no information on these treatments so I would like to make this presentation in 9 parts to her, including the following:

  1. (P1) Four dfferent complementary therapies: Homeopathy, Bowen Technique, Hypnotherapy and counselling. These included: signs and symptoms, principles of administration, frequency/dosage of administration, historical development, global use, how they are used, where they are, and cost.
  2. (M1) The advantages and disadvantages of these therapies in terms of orthodox treatment, where the complementary therapies have work or have caused harm and evidence where showing the treatments have improve conditions.
  3. (P2) Barriers for access to complementary therapies
  4. (M2) Factors that may influence access to complementary therapies
  5. (P3) utline the role of four different complementary therapies in relation to orthodox treatment
  6. (P4 + M3) Describe and explain the role of four different complementary therapies in relation to health and wellbeing.
  7. (P5) Identif current regulation systems for complementary therapies
  8. (D1) Evalute the evidence relating to the use of complementary therapies in contemporary society
  9. (D2) Evaluate the effectiveness of regulatory systems in relation to both practitioners and patient/ service users.

(P1) Four dfferent complementary therapies: Homeopathy, Bowen Technique, Hypnotherapy and counselling. These included: signs and symptoms, principles of administration, frequency/dosage of administration, historical development, global use, how they are used, where they are, and cost.

  1. Homeopathy 

Historical and development – The theory of curing ‘like with like’ dates back to ancient Greece but was revived by German doctor Samuel Hahnemann at the start of the 19th century. Disillusioned with barbaric medical practices that were in favour at the time, he set about developing a more humane and effective form of treatment. According to the ‘law of similars’ the patient’s symptoms are used to determine the best homeopathic remedy for a cure. Patients are also classified by their ‘constitutional type’ – certain physical, mental and emotional characteristics that may predispose a person to certain types of imbalance.

In 1796 a German doctor, Samuel Hahnemann, discovered a different approach to the cure of the sick which he called homoeopathy (from the Greek words meaning "similar suffering"). Like Hippocrates two thousand years earlier he realised that there were two ways of treating ill health, the way of opposites and the way of similars.

Homeopathy uses remedies made from a wide variety of substances, each of which has its own 'remedy picture'. The task of homeopathy is to match the symptom of illness of the patient with a 'remedy picture' that is similar

Homeopathic remedies work by recognising that the symptoms of your ill-health are merely expressions of an 'imbalance' within the body, and boosts your body's natural tendency and innate ability to heal itself. 

Global use –Homeopathy is the second most widely used system of medicine in the world. Its growth in popularity in the United States has been around 25 to 50 percent a year throughout the last decade. Homeopathic remedies have been regulated in the U.S. since 1938 and are considered to be safe. Homeopathy has been widely used in England and other European countries.

How it is used – Tiny doses of plant, animal or mineral materials are soaked in alcohol and then diluted and shaken vigorously

Your homoeopath will give you a homoeopathic remedy, usually in the form of a tablet or tablets, occasionally as powders, which should be allowed to dissolve in your mouth; or you may be given a liquid remedy with instructions. Nothing else should be put in the mouth for 20 minutes before or after taking the tablet, not even toothpaste or cigarettes. Your homoeopath will usually advise you to avoid coffee, peppermint and preparations containing menthol, eucalyptus and camphor, as these can interfere with the action of the homoeopathic remedy. Do make sure that you understand the instructions before you leave.

On your first visit, your homeopath will ask you some general questions about your health, lifestyle, diet and medical history.  They will probably ask you questions about sleep patterns, your mood and emotions.  This information helps the homeopath decide on the best remedy for you.  The consultation usually lasts about 45 minutes.  Further appointments may be shorter, perhaps only half an hour.
Homeopathic remedies come as tablets, granules, powders or liquid.  They may be taken by mouth or as creams or drops.  Your therapist will let you know how to take your remedies, and how often.

You can buy homeopathic remedies in shops and over the internet

Where you can have homeopathy – Your GP should be able to refer you to a local or nearby homeopathy consultant. All homoeopath are registered with the society practise in accordance with a Code of Ethics and Practice, hold professional insurance, and have passed stringent academic and clinical assessments before being admitted to the Register.  - for a list of registered homeopaths throughout the UK

Homeopathy has been part of the NHS since it began in 1948.  There are 5 homeopathic hospitals in the UK (in Bristol, Glasgow, Liverpool, Tunbridge Wells, and (nearest to our area), London

If your doctor refers you to one of the  you won’t need to find a homeopath privately. Currently in the UK, there is no single professional organisation that regulates homeopathic therapists.  Therapists can join several associations. The best way to find a reliable therapist is to  below and ask for a list of therapists in your area      

The 5 hospitals are listed in appendix 4

Homeopathy organisations in appendix 5

Cost - You can apply for NHS funding. The costs of treatment may vary slightly according to location and practitioner.  For private patient normally has to pay about £45 for adult and £35 for the follow up treatment. The prices usually include prescription.  Also, you can check out if your private health insurer may pay for your treatment.

Your first consultation with a private homeopath will usually cost between £35 and £90.  It may be even more than this, especially if the homeopath is medically trained.  Further appointments are usually shorter so cost less – about £20 to £60.  Your homeopathic remedy will usually be included in the consultation price, but do check first.

If you have your treatment at one of the  you won’t pay for your consultation but you will need to pay for your remedies.  This will be the same as an NHS prescription cost.  Appointments tend to be shorter than they would with a private homeopath.  You will need a referral from your doctor to go to one of these hospitals.

  1. Bowen Technique  

Historical and development

The history of Bowen Pioneered by Tom Bowen, an Australian, who was seeking help for his wife’s asthma. He was not a therapist, but worked alongside other practitioners learning various methods. He began to practise in 1959 in the evenings after work, and his very effective method became so popular that he opened his own clinic and by the mid-1970s was treating several thousand patients a year single-handed. He constantly learned more and developed his method of treatment and continued to develop it until his death in 1982. He taught ‘what he knew’ to a handful of therapists over time, and these people have developed it further and continue to teach different variations of it throughout the world.

Thomas A. Bowen (1916-1982) developed this technique in Geelong, Victoria. After serving in World War II, Bowen became interested in ways to alleviate human suffering. He began to notice that when he made certain moves on the body, it had particular effects. The technique is unique in that it was developed without Bowen having any previous training in any modality or discipline; in fact, he frequently stated that his work was, Simply a gift from God. Over a period of several years he developed the system as it is used today.

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Bowen was extremely busy in his clinic, as was verified by the 1975 Victorian government inquiry into alternative health care professionals. The study documented Bowen seeing some 13,000 patients per year as assessed over a 27-week period. Considering treatments were seven days apart and most people needed only two or three treatments, that was an amazing number of clients per year.

In 1974, while attending a National Health Conference in Adelaide, Australia, he was introduced to massage therapist Oswald Rentsch. Although Rentsch knew nothing of Bowen's work, he spontaneously asked if he could train with Bowen. Bowen subsequently invited Rentsch ...

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