Dementia Awareness - Explain what is ment by the term dementia

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Dementia Awareness

Q 1.1 Explain what is ment by the term dementia

Dementia is a disease which, unfortunately effects mainly the elderly.  It comes in various forms, for example:- Alzimers, Pakinson’s and Huntington’s disease.  It is often a progression from a stroke and to date there is no cure.

Q 1.2. Describe the key functions of the brain that are effected by dementia

  • Temporal lobe is responsible foe vision, memory,laugage, hearing, learning
  • Frontal lobe is responsible for decision making , problem solving, control behavior and emotions
  • Parietal lobe is responsible for sensory information from the body, also where letters are formed, putting things in order and spatial awareness
  • Occipital lobe is responsible for processing information related to vision
  • Cerebrum lobe is biggest part of the Brain its role is memory, attention, thought, and our consciousness, senses and movement
  • Hippocampus is responsible for memory forming, organizing and storing and emotions

Q 1.3 Explain why depression, delirium and age related memory impairment may be mistaken for dementia

Depression can be mistaken for dementia because when someone is very depressed their memory can be affected and they may find it difficult to remember new information. This is similar to dementia except that someone who's depressed may be able to recall the new information after a short time whereas an Alzheimer's sufferer cannot usually do so.

Delirium can be easily confused with dementia due to similar symptoms.  Delirium is characterized by the sudden onset, fluctuating course, a short duration (often lasting from hours to weeks), and is primarily related to a somatic or medical disturbance.  In comparison, dementia has typically an insidious onset, (except in the cases of a stroke or trauma), slow decline of mental functioning, as well as a longer duration.  Some mental illness, include depression and psychosis, may produce symptoms that must be differentiated from both delirium and dementia.

People who are aging normally may misplace things or forget details, but people who have dementia may forget entire events. People who have dementia have difficulty doing normal daily tasks such as driving, cooking, and handling finances. Age-associated memory impairment is not necessarily a sign of dementia or early Alzheimer's disease

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Q 2.1 Outline the medical model of dementia

Medical model- this creates dependency, restricts choice, disempowers, devalues, reinforces stereotypes and can be thought of as oppressive. The medical model focuses on the impairment as the problem and will focus on cure.

Q 2.2 Outline the social model of dementia

Social model- this is personal centred, focusing on the rights of the individual, in turn empowering the individual, promoting independence, giving choice and looking at what the individual is able to do.

Q 2.3 Explain why dementia should be viewed as a ...

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