Describe physical and psychological changes due to the ageing process.

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P5: describe physical and psychological changes due to the ageing process.

Physical changes:

Some ageing experiences are different. Some people develop serious problems of ageing but some people have few problems. Ageing can involve the physical changes are:

  • The skin becomes thinner and more wrinkled
  • The person may lose weight
  • Bones become more brittle
  • Muscles become weaker
  • Vision might weaker

Cardiovascular system – the heart pumps blood around the body. The heart can be affected by age. Hypertension, a condition associated with both heart disease and stroke, is more prevalent in older persons. Fatty build up in veins and arteries together with hardening of blood vessels can add to potential for heart disease. Atherosclerosis can result in higher blood pressure and high blood pressure puts the person at risk of strokes (where the blood supply to the brain is blocked) and heart attacks.

Respiratory system – when blood is not being pumped round the body efficiently and may result in breathless. The strength of the chest muscles may reduce with ageing and the lungs might deteriorate. Chronic diseases such as bronchitis may develop. Bronchitis involves swelling of the airways that connect to the windpipe to the lungs. Result to this would be emphysema and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

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Emphysema – emphysema is a disease in which the air sacs within the lungs become damaged. This causes shortness of breath and can result in respiratory or heart failure. Emphysema can be induced by smoking which causes the lungs to produce chemicals that damage the walls of the air sacs. In time, this results in a drop in the amount of oxygen in the blood.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease [COPD] – when there is an airflow obstruction, perhaps due to emphysema or bronchitis, the resulting condition is described as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This condition can create ...

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