Describe the course of two physiological disorders as experienced by two different individuals.

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Unit 14- Physiological Disorders

P1-Describe the course of two physiological disorders as experienced by two different individuals.

Within this assignment I am going to identify the signs and symptoms of two specific physiological disorders of Karishma and Pauline.

TIP! In other words, what is the disorder and how do we define it. What did the patient experience and how did the health of the individual change so much that they would have visited their GP. Describe what the GP would do and where the patient would be referred to.

Karishma is a 48-year-old woman and mother of three children who works as a care assistant at a hospital. One month ago while at work, Karishma noticed that she was becoming extremely tired each day. She believed that this was due to her workload and asked her manager to reduce her hours.  The manager reduced her hours and advised her to rest. Two weeks later despite reducing her hours, Karishma continued to feel tired each day.  At this point, she noticed that she was becoming increasingly thirsty throughout the day and was drinking lots of fluids to quench her thirst.  Consequently, Karishma needed to use the toilet more regularly than usual to pass urine and this was becoming a problem at work.  After discussing her change in health with her husband, she agrees to see her G.P.

Looking back at Karishma’s scenario the signs and symptoms detect that Karishma may have diabetes. The main symptoms of diabetes are polyuria this is when a person has to urinate frequently, Polydipsia this is the increase of thirst and fluid intake, polyphagia is when hunger (appetite) increases these where some of the symptoms Karishma had experienced. Some of the signs that Karishma had come across where that she when working she began to feel tired and thirsty (Polydipsia). There are two types of diabetes;  is caused by the body's failure to produce insulin. Insulin is a hormone released by the pancreas to help control levels of sugar in the blood; it usually appears before the age of 40.  is caused by the body not producing enough insulin or not using what it produces effectively. Karishma is showing some signs and symptoms of diabetes type 2. Now that Karishma has the signs and symptoms of diabetes she should refer to her GP to confirm this suspicion. When visiting the GP, the practitioner would ask how long Karishma has been experiencing her signs and symptoms and carry out some tests such as blood tests, diagnostic tests and so on; this sort of information would help the GP to come up with a diagnosis. Once Karishma’s GP has identified the disorder, the practitioner will then inform her of the disorder and how she may treat it. In receiving advice, treatment and information on her disorder Karishma may be referred to other care professions to confirm GP’s support.

Pauline Johnson is a twenty two year old female who works as a receptionist in a prominent and busy solicitor’s office. She has been experiencing bouts of diarrhoea with the presence of blood. She has also been having abdominal pain, anaemia and weight loss. This condition lasted for about a month intermittently, disappeared for some months then returned again. On its return it appeared more severe than the first time. She was convinced that she needed to see her GP for expert advice and treatment.

According to Pauline Johnson scenario there is a high chance that Pauline may have a severe case of Cohn’s disease, Crohn’s disease is a chronic condition (long term). The signs and symptoms of Crohn’s disease include the following diarrhea containing blood, pus or mucus, a painful and swollen abdomen, the loss of appetite, weight loss, and fever, rectal bleeding (could lead to anemia) and tears, ulcers may appear around the anus. Pauline Johnson had most of these signs and symptoms when working in the office, in saying this Pauline should/would go to a GP for medical attention and advice to identify and solve the problem. In seeing her local GP she would receive advice, guidance and support, Pauline’s GP would ask how long she was experiencing her symptom and carry out some tests such as blood tests to show if there is any inflammation but this is not easy in terms of finding a diagnosis simply because blood tests are unable to provide an indication of where the inflammation is occurring, so for further investigations Pauline may be referred to other care professions.




Describe the physiology of each disorder and factors that may have influenced its development.

TIP! In Question 2, you must explain in relation to the body how the disorders develop and what factors increase an individual’s risk of getting these disorders (i.e. gender, age, environment, diet, lifestyle, and other possible factors).


Diabetes is a syndrome of disordered  that is due to a selection of genetic and or environmental causes, that causes abnormally high  levels (). Blood glucose levels are controlled by a multiple of chemicals and hormones that are present in the body, including the   made in the  of the . Diabetes mellitus refers to the group of diseases that lead to high blood glucose levels due to the defects of insulin secretion or insulin action that works in the body. As we eat foods we break down the intake of  into smaller  (Sugars/Glucose) to a form that can be  this is called digestion, Insulin plays a part in digestion by helping glucose to enter fat and muscle cells for energy production or storage. Diabetes type 2 fails to produce enough insulin for the body’s needs or the cells in the body are not able to use the insulin properly, diabetes type 2 usually occurs after the age of 40. Diabetes can be genetically influenced and normally occurs when a person is overweight due to their diet intake. Diabetes could lead to other physiological disorders such as an increase of heart disease, stroke, poor circulation, vision problems, and kidney damage nerve damage and so on. The risks of other disorders occurring can be minimised if sugar levels are controlled.

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Crohn’s Disease

This disease is a bowel disease that is caused by the inflammation of the wall of the bowel. Crohn’s affects the digestive system which includes the mouth down to the stomach, bowels and anus. If a person has Crohn’s disease they will receive swelling in the affected areas of their bowel and ulcers may form, this is the area of the bowel that bleeds. The bowel wall will be thickened, this may cause blockages. An individual is likely to get Crohn’s disease if the person’s immune system overreacts to bacteria within the bowel. Just like diabetes ...

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