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Describe the main reasons why children and young people may need to be looked after away from their families? Describe health and social care service provision for looked-after children and young people

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UNIT 10: CARING FOR CHILDREN AND YOUNG PEOPLE P1) Describe the main reasons why children and young people may need to be looked after away from their families? In order to answer this criterion I am going to describe the main reasons why children and young people may need to be looked after and kept away from their families. We use the term 'looked after' when we arrange for children to live away from their families, either as part of a voluntary arrangement under the 1989 Children Act, or as the result of a care order under the 1989 Children Act. Often this can be a short term break and other times it can a long term break depending on the circumstances of the family and the child's personal needs. Children's Act 1989 The Children Act 1989 is designed to facilitate to keep children safe and well and, if necessary, help a child to live with their family by providing services which fits correctly to the child's needs. The Children Act 1989 covers the following: * Improvements to the law relating to children; * Makes provision for local authority services for children in need and others; * Amends the law with respect to children's homes, community home, voluntary homes and voluntary organisations; * Makes provision with respect to fostering, child minding and day care for young children and adoption, and for connected purposes. ...read more.


There is now an inclusive legal framework in place to protect them. This is constantly being reviewed, as the structure of society changes. ECM which stands for Every Child Matters has been changed to Every Citizen Matters. Children Act 1989 Chapter 41 An Act to reform the law relating to children; to provide for local authority services for children in need and others; to amend the law with respect to children's homes, community homes, voluntary homes and voluntary organisations; to make provision with respect to fostering, child minding and day care for young children and adoption; and for connected purposes. (16th November 1989) Children Act 1989, 2004 children (Scotland) Act 1995 * The children act 1989 was initially designed to ensure that all local authorities were making equal provision to support children, young people and their families. * It includes the support of children with disabilities who, when they reach the age of 18, come under the NHS and Community Care Act 1990. * In 1995, the children act was updated in Scotland, with the same view that 'the welfare of the child is paramount'. It updated the law of Scotland relating to looked after children and young people. * The children act 2004 accompanies Every Child Matters, which considered all aspects of children's services, including new statutory duties for local authorities. Every Child Matters or Every Citizen Matters reviews five outcomes for children and young people and how care is provided for them through the Children's Act. 1. ...read more.


Adoption can also follow the death of the child's natural parents. Sometimes local pregnancy crisis centres are there to support you as you consider adoption. They are there for you through the whole process - the decision making, the pregnancy and the adoption itself. This support can continue for as long as you want. Residential Care Residential care is for people who cannot continue living in their own home, even with support from home care services. This can be for many reasons such as respite for a family unit or as a temporary emergency situation in an abusive family situation. Residential childcare may be arranged for children and young people with behavioural difficulties so that specialised staff are available to interact with them. You can stay in residential care for a short time (known as respite care), over a longer period or permanently. P4) Describe signs and symptoms of child abuse? Child protection must always take priority for anyone who is working with children and young people. However, while considering this important aspect of child care, it must also be remembered that children do sustain bruises and minor injuries during the normal rough and tumble of play. It is important to listen to children and take a note of their body language and general behaviour and appearance. Early years workers must be aware of the signs of physical abuse, which can include hitting, nipping, burning, and inflicting physical harm of any kind. ?? ?? ?? ?? Fatima Abas ...read more.

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