Explain the potential effects of five different life factors on the development of an individual.

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Unit 4

P2: Explain the potential effects of five different life factors on the development of an individual.

Lifestyle (Alcohol)

Alcohol is a drug that makes an individual feel relaxed; many adults drink alcohol responsibly but some exceed the recommended amount which can be dangerous and cause long term effects which interferes with an individual’s development. The recommended amount for women is two to three units of alcohol a day and the maximum amount is 14 units a week; for men the recommended amount is three to four units of alcohol a day and the maximum is 21 units a week. 

Most individuals are only aware of the short term effects of alcohol. The effect it has on an individual can be different all depending on how much alcohol was drank, the surroundings/environment the individual is in and most importantly every individual is different so the effects alcohol has on one individual may differ from another individual even if they drank the same amount. The main effect is on the brain. A low amount of alcohol make an individual feel relaxed and makes them more talkative and energetic. High amounts of alcohol causes an individual to not be as accurate when it comes to decision-making which is why it is bad to drive when you have been drinking alcohol.  Slurred speech, being unstable when standing or walking, loss of co-ordination and falling asleep are also effects that happen when the brains development is being disrupted and restricted from  functioning properly caused by drinking too much alcohol.

Long term effects of alcohol causes difficulties and sometimes even irreversible damage to the body; over a long period of time constant abuse of alcohol will disrupt and restrict the development of an individual’s body by not allowing the cells in the body to regenerate new cells. The main parts of the body that alcohol causes damage to are the liver and the nervous system. Excessive drinking over a long period of time causes an irreversible scarring to the liver which is called ‘cirrhosis’, this can lead to liver failure, liver cancer or even death.   Damage to the brain can interfere with intellectual development, and increase the risk of anxiety or dementia. If an individual becomes addicted to alcohol it can affect their development because their thinking would be distorted and they would develop a strong desire to drink which may result in an individual organising their lifestyle around drinking and the brain loses the power to supervise and restrict how often and how much an individual is drinking.

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Genetic (Cystic Fibrosis)

Cystic Fibrosis is a very common life threatening disease; it is caused because of a flawed gene that controls the movement of salt and water that goes in and out of a cell. This disease effects development because the gene is incurable and as an individual develops as a result, causes unpleasant symptoms. It also effects development because the gene is passed down from parent to child therefore if both parents have this disease there is a one in four chance that the child will receive the disease due to the faulty gene which effects normal development. ...

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