Health and safety in health and social care

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Unit 3-Health and Safety and Security in Health & Social Care-

Unit 3:

Health, Safety

and Security in

Health & Social



A health and social care settings meets the needs of clients and patients with the involvement in a variety of activities. The responsibilities of workers are focused to a range of health and safety legislation.  For each workplace activity a safe system of work is implemented, staff will have to receive appropriate training and their equipment should be maintained in good condition.

Health and social care settings need to aim to provide a clean and healthy environment to discourage the spread of infection and minimise the chance of accidents.

Health and safety is important in health and social care setting for the safety of clients and workers.

Staff responsibility is to contribute to a safe environment which means more than being aware of potential hazards. They need to take step to check and deal with any sources of risk. If there is supervising staff, they must ensure that they are aware of possible risks and hazards and know how to deal with them.  

Health and social care settings can be dangerous because:

  1. Sick people in the same place
  1. possibility of fire
  1. equipment for moving, handling and treating people
  2. medicines, drugs and other hazardous substances


Slip and trip potential

  1. Flooring
  1. People
  1. Cleaning
  1. Contamination and obstacles


The floor in a workplace must be suitable for the type of work activity that will be taking place on it people need be able to walk on the floor without fear of slipping, to ensure this the floor must be: 

  1. cleaned correctly to ensure that it does not become slippery or keeps its slip resistance properties (if a non slip floor)

••••••••The floor must be fitted correctly:

o        to ensure that there are no trip hazards

o        to ensure that non slip coatings are correctly applied

••••••••The floor must be maintained in good order to ensure that there are no trip hazards e.g. holes, uneven surfaces, curled up carpet edges

••••••••Ramps, raised platforms and other changes of level should be avoided, if they can’t they must be highlighted

Stairs should have:

••••••••high visibility, non slip

••••••••a suitable handrail

••••••••steps of equal height

••••••••steps of equal width


Floors can become slippery once they become contaminated. If contamination is prevented there will be a reduction in slipping.                                            Contamination can be rainwater, oil, grease, cardboard, product wrapping or dust. It can be a by-product of a work process or be due to adverse weather conditions.

Contamination is controlled by:

••••••••drip trays for leaks

••••••••lids on cups and containers

••••••••good sized mats at building entrances to dry feet


Trip accidents can be caused by bad housekeeping. Improving housekeeping would cut down a large number of accidents in a workplace or at home. All staff at your workplace including workers, managers, cleaners, maintenance technicians needs to make sure:

••••••••there is a suitable walkway

••••••••Spaces clear, no wires, no obstructions.

••••••••The floor is tidy

••••••••there are goods suitable storage and enough bins


The process of cleaning can create slip and trip hazards, mostly for those entering the area being cleaned, such as the cleaners, for example, smooth floors left damp by a mop are likely to be slippery and trailing wires from a vacuum or buffing machine can present a trip hazard. Prevention could be the following:

  1. An effective cleaning system requires a good management system to help identify problem areas to decide what to do and act on decisions. Also Good communications are needed e.g. between equipment and chemical suppliers to ensure suitability of product for the type of contaminant and floor.
  1. Effective training and supervision is essential to ensure cleaning is undertaken to a standard. Cleaners need to be informed of their duties and why the cleaning needs to be undertaken in a particular way or at a particular time.

Human factors

How people act and behave in their work environments can affect slips and trips hazards. For example:

••••••••What footwear is worn, wearing high heels at work will make you more vulnerable to a slip.

••••••••Things that prevent you from seeing or thinking about where you are going, can increase the risk of an accident e.g. rushing about, carrying large objects, Becoming distracted whilst walking e.g. using a mobile phone

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 If individuals have a physical problem that stop them from seeing, hearing, or walking in a regular manner it can increase the likelihood of an accident e.g. Vision, balance, age and disability.


Potential Hazards

This includes:

  1. wet or slippery floors
  1. cluttered passage ways or corridors
  1. electrical flexes
  1. full of people and electrical compliances
  1. worn carpets or rugs
  1. broken, unsafe equipment

Human hazards

Hazards can be caused by humans because of the way work is done. It is important for are workers to know how to keep clients and ...

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