Health, Safety and security in Health and Social Care

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BTEC National Certificate in Care

Unit 3 Health, Safety and security in Health and Social Care

~Hazards, Legislation, Policies and Procedures ~

Date: 24 May 2006

To: Mike Guy – Academic Tutor

From: Chih Lung Cheng

P1(a) Explain potential hazards in health and social care settings.

Polegate Nursing Centre, consisting of 2 floors. There are 20 beds on each floor. I have identified 1 potentially hazardous working practice, 3 potentially hazardous incidents, 3 potential risks and 3 potential accidents that may occur.

(1-1) Potentially hazardous working practice – these include activities, procedures, use of materials or equipment and working techniques. The following examples of lifting/pushing hazards can cause injuries such as sprains and strains of the back, neck, shoulders, knees, wrists and ankles.

  • Awkward postures (e.g., reaching across beds to lift patients/residents)
  • Using a great deal of force (e.g., pushing/pulling chairs or gurneys


Cross infection –.wearing protective cloths, change gloves and wash hands can prevent cross infection and is a good working practice. If the carer does not change gloves and wash hands between patients, the disease such as hepatitis or MRSA etc. can easily be spread from one person to another

(1-2) 3 Potentially hazardous incidents that may occur – including intruders, chemical spillages, lost keys/purses etc, missing individuals, individuals locked out, contamination risk, aggressive and dangerous encounters.

Chemical spillages - Employee exposure to possibly hazardous chemicals, such as pesticides, disinfectants, and hazardous drugs in the workplace for example:

  • Ammonia, used as a cleaning agent, and chlorine solutions used as disinfectants in dishwashing, can cause skin, eye, and nose irritations.
  • Drain cleaners, oven cleaners, and grill cleaners can be caustic solutions that can cause skin burns and eye and skin irritations. 

Contaminated Laundry - if there is blood or other body fluids (semen, vaginal secretions, saliva)  If a person has an infectious disease (hepatitis, MRSA, other multiple drug-resistant organisms) or is on contact precautions, then their feces or vomitus also causes laundry to be contaminated.


Aggressive and dangerous encounters- this can be resident to resident, carer to resident, resident to carer or an intruder to residents or carer.

(1-3) 3 Potential risks – eg possibility of injury and harm to people, infection, possibility of danger, damage and destruction to the environment and goods




                                                                                         Pressure sore                              Dehydration/choking                     Malnutrition

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Pressure sore, dehydration, choking malnutrition are potential risk and is likely to happen, if the resident has not been given proper attention and treatment.

Cross Contamination - food poisoning is often caused by inappropriate practice of food preparation. The bacteria are transferred from livestock to food which has been contaminated.



Fire Hazards 

Possible fires from heat producing

equipment, storage of flammable

chemicals and faulty electrical wiring    


 (1-4) 3 Potential accidents that may occur – due ...

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