Introduction to Working with Children.

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Wirral Metropolitan College 485.000

Unit 1 Assignment – An introduction to working with children _        

Section 1 (E1 and E2)

(E1)Describe three different types of settings which provide care and education for children in your area. (E2)Describe how each of the types of settings identified in E1 aims to support children and their families.

E1 – Statutory sector

Statutory services are funded and provided by the government by law. These services provide health care, education, financial support among other things. A Primary School is an example of a statutory service. Children have to attend a statutory service by law.  


A Primary School is a statutory provision. Children between the ages of 5-18 have to legally attend school. The support and guidance supplied in a primary school helps to ensure the child and their family are aware of all the help that is available for them. A primary school is part of a network of professionals aiming to provide help to children and their families. If a child is having problems, and their development in school is being affected, then this is where the primary school can offer help or advice to lead into a better outcome for the child. Even if it isn’t an educational problem, the primary school will lead the child and their family into the right direction for a solution. This will ensure he child is thriving at their best ability. A primary school not only helps a child to gain independent skills in maths and English but social and communication skills too. These are key skills that a primary school promotes to support children and their families.    

E1 – Voluntary sector

Voluntary services are funded and provided by charities and donations. These services do not have to be passed by legislation and don’t have to be attended or used. These services provide support and care for families, money for people in certain circumstances and help people with health problems. These services make no profit.


The NSPCC is a voluntary provision. It was founded in 1884. They aim to stop child cruelty. They provide help lines and support for children and their families. They also and advertise local agencies and support groups to help children and their families. The NSPCC also offers counselling services and prioritised meetings with professionals for children and their families to have support. They offer local projects for children and their families to get involved with, which will also come with support. They also have the right to intervene to make sure that no child is coming to harm or no family members are struggling. This is a professional and helpful way to offer their support and advice. They also gather the publics support to help to notice and stop child cruelty. This will create a sense of awareness and will result in the support for many children and their families.

E1 – Private sector

Private services are businesses which have to be paid to be attended. They are a profit making organisation which offer private tuition, extra curricular activities (out of school time), child minders, nannies and among others. Children do not have to legally attend a private service, however they are always available.


A day nursery is a private provision. They offer support to children by giving them an early start in education. A day nursery also gives family members support by looking after their child whilst they’re in work. A day nursery must use the EYFS. The ‘Early Years Foundation Stage’ is put into place in all registered early years providers. This makes sure that the children are supported and are learning through play. The family is supported by the providers working very closely with them to ensure their child is having no problems. The family can be supported throughout their child stay at a day nursery by being given advice on how to encourage their development skills. They also offer support to families and children by supporting all cultures and helping with any special educational needs and disabilities.

Section 2 (E3, E4 and E5)

E3 – Describe the main legislation in your country that supports the rights of children.

‘Children Act 1989’ is the main legislation in the UK that helps to support the right of children. “The children act came 1989 came into force in October 1990”. This legislation encourages parents to stay involved with bringing up their child. The child’s welfare is paramount. This law enables s child to have a say and should not be ignored. Their physical and emotional needs have to be met and at all the times there should be full respect towards the child. The parents of the child have to have shared responsibilities, even if they are divorced or separated. This legislation allows parental responsibilities to be given to people even if they are not biologically the natural parents. This legislation helps to prevent a child coming to any harm and to be placed in a safe setting. This legislation looks at the capability of the persons involved in the child’s welfare and makes sure the child isn’t in any danger. Whether the child has a disability or a different culture this legislation makes sure all of their needs are met.

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‘Childcare Act 2006’ is legislation in the UK. This legislation improved outcomes for children under five. It involved local authorities helping working parents especially those who live on a low income or have a disabled child. This legislation ensures that support and help from integrated services are always available and are active. Parents can have unlimited information due to this legislation being introduced. The Early Foundation Stage was introduced in this legislation. It increased the quality of care and education from birth to five.  

N. Thornes, (2008, pg 19)

E4 – Describe the recognised principles and the values that ...

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