P4-Explain how national initiatives promote anti discriminatory practice
P4-Explain how national initiatives promote anti discriminatory practice
National initiatives can be seen as a campaign that is implemented nationally to make individuals aware of a certain issue. National initiatives usually have the support of government and other organisations that support them to make a change.
Here is an example of a national initiative
Show Racism the Red Card- This national initiative is to tackle racism with football players. Here are some examples on how they are trying to tackle racism They also focus on exploring stereotypes, defining racism and learning about how to deal with racism. Show Racism the Red Card carries out teacher training so that schools and staff are fully informed about racism and can be able to deal with all the issues involving racism. Show Racism the Red Card use resources to teach people about racism for example schools get DVD packs before a visit to allow children to prepare and highlight particular subjects they wish to be covered. Other resources they use are children are given T- shirts and also take part in fitness and football sessions and prizes are then given out for enthusiasm and participation
Another national initiative is
Amnesty- this is a national initiative that was created to protect people who are being denied justice, fairness, freedom and truth. Some people may be denied these things because of the country that they are in and for example in most countries in Asia and Africa women are denied these things as they are not seen to be as important as men.
Here are some ways amnesty tries to promote anti discriminatory practise
They campaign for the abolition of death penalties because Amnesty believes that it brutalises and kills innocent people that have been wrongly convicted.
Amnesty also carries out campaigns to protect Women rights because in some countries women face discrimination and violence at the hands of the government, communities and families for example in countries like South Asia, Latin America and Sub- Saharan Africa children are forced to get married as early as 14 years old.
Conventions- a convention are a set of agreed standards, norms, social norms or customs often taking the form of customs
Regulations- these are rules that have been put in place and control the conduct of whom it may concern. For example; there are some rules and regulations that are put in place in schools that are made for the students to follow and there are regulations that are put into place for the teachers to follow as well.
Legislation-Legislation is a law which has been made by a governing body in order to regulate, to authorize, to sanction, to grant, to declare or to restrict.
Below are legislation which aim to promote anti-discriminatory practice.
European convention on human rights and fundamental freedom 1950 This is a European document relating to human rights and it is signed by all European Union governments. Some of the things this law states that are used in a health and social care are:
The right to life Right to respect for private life and family Right to freedom of expression Prohibition to any type of discrimination. Prohibition to any type of abuse
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For example in a hospital every patient has the right to life and this means carers are not allowed to end an individual’s life e.g. doctors swear on the Hippocratic Oath not to end someone’s life even if they have been asked them to. Other rights a health and social care setting promotes are to let the patients express themselves for example if they are not happy with the services they have the right to complain.
This law promotes anti discriminatory practise because if a patient was not happy with the care they were given they have the right to complain.
Sex Discrimination Act 1975. This act prohibits direct or indirect sex discrimination against individuals in employment and can apply to both men and women of any age. Types of direct sex discrimination include sexual harassment and treating a woman adversely because she is pregnant. Indirect sex discrimination is where a condition or practice is applied to both sexes, but adversely affects more of one gender than the other and is not justifiable. For example, an unnecessary requirement to be less than 5ft 10ins would discriminate against men, while a requirement to work full-time might discriminate against women.
Mental health act 1983 The mental health act 1983 is an act that can allow someone to be taken into a hospital against their own will. One example of this is if you suffer from bi polar illness and are not coping well with it you can get taken to the hospital as it would be easier for people to care for you and help you in the hospital as they have been trained to do so and help them get their treatment. This is also helps as this is a form of protection to other people who may be in danger. This law helps promote anti discriminatory practise because without this act people with mental illnesses probably would not get the right amount of help that they actually need.
Mental health (Northern Ireland) order 1986 The mental health (Northern Ireland) order 1986 act provides compulsory admission and treatment for people who are suffering from any type of mental illness. This act is more concerned with giving legal framework for the admission into the hospital. For example the NHS have to make sure that their patients are being cared for in the right way and by carers who have been trained properly and who know how to specifically help those who have mental illnesses.
The Convention on the Rights of the Child 1989. This is issued by UNICEF for the framework for the rights of the child. It specifically protects children’s rights in International law. These rights include principles and standards for children worldwide. UNICEF’s mission is to advocate for the protection of children’s rights, to help meet their basic needs and help them reach their potential. This law promotes anti discriminatory practise because all children are entitled to free education and they also have the right to feel safe whilst they are in school.
The Children’s Act 1989 The Children’s Act 1989 is an act that was put into place to keep children protected from any form of danger. They make sure that the child/children are supported by setting standards. For example they have to make sure that child is taken care of in the right manor, have the right type of accommodation to meet their needs and making sure that the child has access to education. It is also stated that if the child’s needs are not met to its full potential that they have the right t placed into temporary care of social services or a family member who is able to care for the child until further notice. It promotes anti-discriminatory practice by putting down un-arguable laws so that children are always in a safe position i.e. If parents' divorce unless the mother is incapable the mother gets automatic rights to the child where as the father would have to take it to court in order to get approval.
Disability Discrimination Act (DDA) 1995. The Disability Discrimination Act ensures that people with any type of disability are protected from any form of discrimination. It also states that any type of discrimination towards people with disabilities on public transport, education and in their occupation is not allowed. The DDA ensures that all types of organisations have an alternative route and ways to get around for disabled people; Eg in hospitals and schools there are ramps for wheelchair users and lifts that are big enough for wheelchair users to fit in.
Nursing and Residential Care Homes Regulations 1984 (amended 2002). The nursing and residential care homes regulations are aimed at nursing homes and residential homes. This act makes sure that any nursing and residential homes have licences to operate and that all patients are being cared for in the right manor. For example if a nursing or residential home is being run without a licence there is a high likelihood that the owners will be prosecuted because no one knows their actual intentions. This law promotes anti discriminatory practise because there are regular check-ups and inspections to make sure that the carers are doing the right job and that the patients are being looked after properly.
Data Protection Act 1998 The Data Protection Act 1998 is an act of the United Kingdom Parliament defining the ways in which information about living people may be legally used and handled. The main intent is to protect individuals against misuse or abuse of information about them. The DPA was first composed in 1984 and was updated in 1998. This act promotes anti discrimination because if someone has aids then no doctor has the right to tell anyone as it is confidential. The fundamental principles of DPA 1998 specify that personal data must: -be processed fairly and lawfully. -be obtained only for lawful purposes and not processed in any manner incompatible with those purposes. -be adequate, relevant and not excessive. -be accurate and current. -not be retained for longer than necessary. -be processed in accordance with the rights and freedoms of data subjects. -be protected against unauthorized or unlawful processing and against accidental loss, destruction or damage. -not be transferred to a country or territory outside the European Economic Area unless that country or territory protects the rights and freedoms of the data subjects.
This law promotes anti discriminatory practise because if someone id diagnosed with HIV and the hospital were to reveal this without the persons consent they could get discriminated by many people. So hospitals have to keep it confidential.
Care standards Act. The care standards act is an act that takes care of any type person who may be living in a care home, foster home ECT. This act also aids people who have any disability and helps them with their financial things depending on if they are living in a care home or in housing with some support. This act promotes anti discrimination because in the past carers had the ability to abuse those who were in their care but with this act there are now regular inspections at care home to see if there is any type of abuse going on. This act also makes sure that all of the carers have the right level of training to be looking after their patients.
The Children Act 2004 The Children’s act aims to get better service for children’s health and well being. This act makes sure that all children are in a safe and comfortable environment where they feel safe. This act has also set up a fund to make sure that children aged 5-13 were attending school on a regular basis and by doing this they wanted children to have a good start to their education and they wanted to reduce the number of teen crime by keeping children in schools.
This law promotes anti discriminatory practise because if a child was not attending school regularly and when they did they were not focused their teacher would have to contact a parent or guardian.
Disability Discrimination Act (DDA) 2005 The disability discrimination act applies to people who promote equal opportunities with people who have disabilities for example people with HIV. One of the aims that this act has is to educate school kids about disabilities and how disabled people are not much different from them. This act also wants to make sure that in educational environments the pupils and the building in general is welcoming so that people with disabilities will not feel like outsiders.
Mental Capacity Act 2005 The Mental Capacity Act provides a framework to empower and protect people who may lack capacity to make some decisions for them. The Mental Capacity Act makes clear who can take decisions in which situations, and how they should go about this. Anyone who works with or cares for an adult who lacks capacity must comply with the MCA when making decisions or acting for that person. This applies whether decisions are life changing events or more every day matters and is relevant to adults of any age, regardless of when they lost capacity. This law promotes anti discriminatory practise because every adult has the right to make his or her own decisions and must be assumed to have capacity to make them unless it is proved otherwise. For example a patient can’t just be given medication before being tested on whether they do or don’t have the capacity. Age Discrimination Act 2006 The age discrimination act was passed and since then it was officially unlawful to discriminate someone just because of their age. Eg you cannot fire someone just because they are too old as it against the law. You also cannot refuse to employ some one because of their age. This act protects old and young people from discrimination and harassment. This Act was passed and it has been made unlawful to discriminate someone because of their age.
Equality Act 2010 The purpose of this act is to consolidate acts and regulations which were formed from the basis of anti discrimination law in the UK. This act was originally the Equal Pay Act 1970. This legislation has got the same goals as the four major EU equal treatment Directives. It requires equal treatment with access to employment as well as private services regardless of their age, gender, religion, race, sexual orientation or beliefs. This act applies to all organisations around the UK who are service providers and it also applies to people who sell goods or provide facilities and the 2010 Act ranges from employment measures to the provision of goods and service.
This law promotes anti discriminatory practise because it
-Eliminates unlawful discrimination-harassment, victimisation and any other conduct prohibited by the Act
-Advance equality of opportunity between people who share protected characteristic and people who do not share it: and
-Foster good relations between people who share a protected characteristic and people who do not share it.