Psychological Perspectives - Cognitive Approach

Authors Avatar by tormenteddreamer98gmailcom (student)

Health and Social Care National Extended Diploma

Psychological Perspective: Cognitive Approach

Cognitive Psychology revolves around the idea that if we want to know what makes people tick then we need to be able to understand the internal processes of their mind. Cognition literally means “knowing”. In other words, cognitive psychology refers to the study of the human mental processes and their role in thinking, feeling, and behaving.

Key Theorists of the cognitive approach includes Piaget and Beck. Jean Piaget (1896-1980), his view of how children's minds work and develop has been enormously influential, especially in educational theory. His particular insight was the role of maturation (i.e. simply growing up) in children's increasing capacity to understand their world. This means that they cannot undertake certain tasks until they are actually, psychologically mature enough to do so.
Join now!

Aaron Beck (1921-Present day) believes that a person’s reaction to specific upsetting thoughts may actually contribute to abnormality. As we confront the many situations that arise in life, both comforting and upsetting thoughts come into our heads. Beck calls these unbidden cognition’s automatic thoughts. Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) was created due to beck and it can be used to treat people with a wide range of different mental health problems. CBT is based on the idea that how we think (cognition), how we feel (emotion) and how we act (behaviour), all interact together. Specifically, our thoughts determine our ...

This is a preview of the whole essay