My two chosen diseases, Lung cancer and MRSA…
This report will contain information on lung cancer and MRSA and how these two diseases are controlled and prevented in England. Lung cancer is a major health problem and the leading cause of cancer death worldwide, according to the World Health Organization. MRSA is not an aggressive disease but has become hard to control through the years because of its resistant to antibiotics. This report will show the effectiveness of the programmes that are put into place in order to prevent and control the diseases.
Lung cancer is the name of a disease that happens when cells uncontrollably grow in the tissues of the lung. If the disease is not treated straight away it can spread in to other parts of the body. The main cause of lung cancer is caused by smoking which causes between 80 to 90 per cent of lung cancers and up to 15 per cent of lung cancers can be caused by several factors such as genetics, asbestos, air pollution and second hand smoke.
The most cost effective way of justifying lung cancer is prevention. In most countries domestic and industrial substances that are known to cause lung cancer have been banned. Although there have been many bans in the UK, tobacco smoke it is still a problem. Tobacco smoke is the main target in preventing lung cancer and smoking campaigns have an important part in the preventing procedure.
In the UK we now have policies that prevent people smoking in public places such as workplaces, restaurants and pubs. This helps to prevent passive smoking.
There was the worry that if people stopped smoking in public places it would drive more people to do it in their homes which could then harm children however this was not the case, it seems to have made people more aware of the dangers of passive smoking and since the ban it looks as if it is becoming a social norm and many people are trying to cut down or quit.
Researchers indicated that there were more than 21,000 asthma admissions between 2000 and 2009 for children below 15 years, before the legislation was put in place, admissions amongst nursery schools were increasing by more than 9% a year, whereas for older children they were no change. After the ban, they dropped by 18.4% for nursery children and 20.8% for those children aged five to 14years.
The CDC sponsored study said that smoking bans have reduced the dangers of heart attack and heart disease for example heart attacks have fallen by up to 47 per cent in places where the smoking ban has been implemented. .
Young people are said to have benefited from the smoking bans. Evidence shows that the children who live in areas where there is a smoking ban have less cotinine in their blood. Thirty nine per cent lower than young people who are around second hand smoke. .