Unit 10 - p2, m1, d1. I will be outlining types of quality care provided for looked after children and young people and how each provision meets all childrens needs.
P2- An outline of the arrangements for providing quality care for looked after children and young people.
M1- Discuss how policies and procedures help children, young people and their families whilst the child is being looked after.
D1- Evaluate the regulation of care provision for looked after children and young people.
In this assignment I will be outlining types of quality care provided for looked after children and young people and how each provision meets all children’s individual health, emotional and educational need/requirements.
There are different types of provisions that provide care for children and young people such as; foster care, residential care, adoption, respite care and temporary/ permanent care which can occur due to a care order put in place.
Foster care is supervised care which is usually short-term however it can become long-term depending on the situation, and it’s provided for children and young people who have been neglected or they are unable to live with their parents/ families. This provision provides children and young people with a stable, secure, safe and loving and caring home environment meeting the child’s health and emotional needs. Children and young people in foster care also remain in education either in their usual schools or a new school depending on circumstances.
Residential care is long-term care given to adults, children and young people who are unable to live in their family home. Residential care provides people with a stable and safe accommodation with twenty-four hour support from skilled professionals who are able to meet individual needs. Depending on an individuals situation a young person can leave a residential setting as soon as they have reached the age of sixteen. With professional help young people will be able to start their life independently as young adults.
There are many types of residential care depending on the individual needs, a child will be put into residential care for reasons such as going through any type of abuse or essential needs not met. This organisation will provide each individual’s cultural and religion needs to ensure they have an understanding of their family trails. Also giving individuals positive outcomes meeting their emotional needs, whilst meeting their health needs as they will gain knowledge and an understanding on how and why their health needs need to be met. Children and young people will remain in education to ensure their educational needs are still met, even if it requires school or area change.
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Adoption is a long-term legal procedure for children eighteen years or under. The adoption process is the child or young person becoming a permanent member of a family. This may occur due to the death of the child’s biological parents or a family in need of a child. Adopted children usually take the name of their new family as they lose all ties with their birth parents. This will help children and young people develop emotionally as all their needs will be met as shown in Maslow’s hierarchy of needs according to B Stretch M Whitehouse BTEC health & social level 3 (2010).
By meeting their health needs and also meeting their educational needs as children and young people will remain in school to ensure their intellectually developing.
Respite care is often a short-term arrangement and it is a decision made in advance as parents need a break due to a child or young person having learning difficulties or disabilities. Respite care provides children and young people with a suitable establishment where they will receive specialist care specifically to meet their needs, meeting their health, emotional and educational needs. This short term arrangement will give parents time to clear their minds, so they are able to continuously provide their child with the required care.
There are policies and regulation put in place to promote a child and young individuals basic needs, as shown in Abraham Maslow’s hierarchy of needs according to B Stretch M Whitehouse BTEC Level Three (2010). Maslow’s theory consist on working up the hierarchy starting from basic physical needs, safety and security needs, love and emotional needs, self esteem needs and self actualisation needs which is important for all children and young people to have or develop as they grow to ensure the emotional, educational and health needs of children and young people are met.
Every child matters (2003) is a legislation put in place to promote the well-being of all children and young people regardless of their ethnicity, background culture or circumstances which is shown that all children should be healthy, stay safe, enjoy and achieve, make a positive contribution and experience economic well-being. This is also promoted for looked after children as the children’s commissioner was put in place to give children/ young people an input in government decisions. This legislation states all organisations working with children and young children need to protect children from harm and assist them in achieving goals and heart desires.
The children Act (1989) has been put forward to ensure the welfare of every child, teaching and giving parents an understanding on their responsibilities for the children which involves both the father and mother of the child and step-parents if involved. This Act promotes the wellbeing of children at all times and it also give parents/families an upper hand on how children and young people need to be looked after within all households, providing parents with ways and why children’s health, physical, emotional, intellectual and educational needs must be met.
Safeguarding is promoted within households/families and all organisations working with children and young people as every child can be put at harm or at risk of abuse regardless of their gender, age or ethnicity which is one of many reasons, safeguarding has been put forward. This will protect children from maltreatment, preventing impairment of their health or development and it also ensure children are growing in circumstances in which will promote the child’s safety. Safeguarding gives parent essential information on how their child should be looked after within their own care and the care of professional or other individuals.
All organisations must abide by the confidentiality policy when handling personal details. The aim of this policy is to ensure all parents can share information in the belief that it will be used to improve the welfare of their child/ children. The confidentially policy considers protecting individual’s rights to a private family life, home and correspondence which is shown according to the Human Right Act (1998). However if there is evidence or belief that a child or young person is at risk of harm, required information will be given to prevent harm or further harm. This policy ensures parents are aware of their rights and the rights of their children giving them knowledge of essential requirements and promoting the safety and security of both the mother and the child.
I will be evaluating the regulation of care provisions by explaining the role and responsibility of each regulator. There are different types of regulators such as; OFSTED the Office for Standards in Education, CQC Care Quality Commission & HCPC Health and Care Professional Council.
OFSTED regulates and inspects many types of provisions such as childcare and children’s social care, schools, colleges and the children and other learning based organisations. This organisation reports directly to the parliament as they are dependent from the government OFSTED also inspect services from looked after children and you people ensuring each child is safe and protected within education by making sure schools and other provisions working with children are meeting standards including safeguarding policies and child protection. This regulator is important as they ensure teachers training are kept up to date, to allow children and young people the ability to gain the best education possible, meeting and providing for individual needs/requirements. OFSTED are also reliable as they give members of the public reinsurance of child safety, putting parents / guardians at ease. OFSTED must abide by the Data Protect Act (1998) to prevent leaking of information which may put children/young people at risk. Safeguarding is also a regulation OFSTED professionals need to consider when inspecting and regulating schools as children’s safety and educational needs is at the heart of their provision.
CQC is a regulator that regulates health and social care professions. They ensure all care services in the United Kingdom provides people with safe, effective, compassionate and high quality care within hospitals, care homes, GPs etc. by inspecting services and uploading the results on the website to help users when deciding what services to use. CQC helps encourage health and social care organisations to put individuals using the service at the heart of its work regardless of cultural differences. This regulator has set national standards to reinsure service users on the service they are expected to receive which is done by monitoring and inspecting the services. CQC ensures all organisations take individuality into account by making sure organisations protect the rights of vulnerable people, such as children and young people. CQC is ensures children, young people and their families the insurance that the quality of their care will be to a high standard and to their required needs, working from the Human Right Act (). The Care Quality Commission is structured around legislations, policies and procedures such as Human Right Act, Data Protection Act and many more Acts as it a guideline on individuality and entitlements. It’s important for the Data Protection Act and confidentiality to be promoted within this organisation because personal information is required when reserving services and service users need to know their information is safe, which covers part of their Human right entitlements.
- Stretch B, Whitehouse M (2010) Health and social care level three book 1 BTEC national. Oxford Pearson.
- Stretch B, Whitehouse M (2010) Health and social care level three book 2 BTEC national. Oxford Pearson.