• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 5
  6. 6
  7. 7
  8. 8
  9. 9
  10. 10
  11. 11
  12. 12
  13. 13
  14. 14
  15. 15

Unit 18. Summarise the factors which may influence the health and -development of babies in the first year of their lives. Describe how indoor and outdoor environments can be made safe, reassuring and stimulating

Extracts from this document...


Unit 18 CACHE DCCE UNIT 18 Andrea Maria Fernandes [WORKING WITH BABIES FROM BIRTH TO 12 MONTHS] E1-Summarise the factors which may influence the health and -development of babies in the first year of their lives Environmental factors such as not having enough space in the garden for the baby to play and explore will influence their development as they may not be able to expand their gross and fine motor skills. "Generally, people with a high level of earnings enjoy a better lifestyle, with better housing, better food, warm clothes and own transport." Meggit. C (2001:9) Parents may not have enough money to fund for toys and equipment for the baby, which means they will not experience different experiences. Another factor is genetics which may influence the health and development of the baby. This is because some illnesses are inherited through genes. For example Down's syndrome, this has been resulted from a chromosomal abnormality. The baby can have problems such as heart defects and chest infections. Illnesses such as meningitis can cause epilepsy and hearing problems, whilst asthma is long term and the baby may need to have asthma pumps. The baby may have a poor appetite, constipation and may be feeling miserable, when they are ill. Their weight and height may be below average, if they have not been developing correctly due to illness. Antenatal factors also influence the development of the baby, as during the pregnancy the mother may have taken illegal drugs or alcohol. This can cause the baby to develop an addiction; due to this they will have to be weaned off of it. Infections can also pass through the umbilical cord such as rubella, which can leave the baby deaf or blind when born. When the baby is being delivered, there may be complications which can affect the baby's health such as lack of oxygen. This can be caused by the umbilical cord becoming entangled. ...read more.


The practitioner must also keep accurate records whilst there is a high level of supervision. They must also provide a safe stimulating environment by selecting suitable resources. E6 - Show how the child protection policies and procedures in the setting protect and safeguard the babies. There are many policies and procedures that protect and safeguard babies. For example observations, this protects the baby's as the practitioner will be able to see any changes in the babies and can compare to others. They will also be able to identify concerns about the baby's health and development. Recognising the signs of abuse in a baby are also an important procedure, this is due to the baby not being able to talk and to tell the practitioner what is wrong. Moreover so they can then go to the designated safeguarding officer immediately to prevent the abuse or stop it, if it is happening. The Every Child Matters initiative which is part of the Children Act 2004, states that all children should stay safe. Record keeping is imperative, as you can also see the changes in the baby's development. The parents' name, address and phone number should be documented, in case of an emergency. The Data Protection Act 1998 ensures that confidentiality occurs by only making the information accessible for those who have the right, for instance the parents or practitioner. Making sure there is a safe recruitment of staff is also crucial as if this does not occur, there may be a problem. "Providers should make decisions of suitability using evidence from: CRB disclosure, references, full employment history, qualifications, interviews and identity checks." DfEs (2008:29). There must be the correct staff to baby ratio which is 1:3 because, this will make the environment safe as there are a number of staff to look out for accidents. It is important to report concerns to the correct person, for instance the designated safeguarding officer. They have responsibilities such as providing information and advice to the person involved about safeguarding. ...read more.


Another good reason why there should be two key workers or a key worker and a co - worker is that they have shifts. The key worker is effective, because they empower the baby, as they have made a bond with them, which makes the child confident. Mary Ainsworth's theory expanded on Bowlby's theory by describing three types of attachment which were secure, resistant and avoidant. These types of attachments were found when Ainsworth did a study called the Strange Situation. In the study, researchers observed children between the ages of 12 and 18 months as they responded to a situation in which they were briefly left alone and then reunited with their mothers. She found out that the child, who had a secure attachment, would be very distressed when the mother leaves. Whereas with a resistant attachment they would show intense distress and avoidant attachment they would show no signs of distress. Ainsworth's theory has influenced practice today, as key workers encourage the parents to settle the child in the setting as soon as possible and how ever long they need to do so. Piaget 1896-1980 identified the different stages of development. He said that children moved through the sensory motor stage (0-2 years), pre operational stage (2-7 years) Piaget used the expression 'schema' to mean a child's thoughts. He felt that the child's schemas would change as new pieces of information came forward. During the sensory motor stage he said "The child develops physical schemas as he/she gains control of his/her movements." Tassoni. P (2007:67) Throughout the pre-operational stage the "Children begin to use symbols to stand for things, for example a piece of dough represents a cake." Tassoni. P (2007:67) "Bruner also observes that the process of constructing knowledge of the world is not done in isolation but rather within a social context." Meggit. C (2006:156) He argued that children should need things such as books and interest tables. He is known for 'scaffolding' which is when adults help the children's development in a way that best suits the child. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Healthcare section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

4 star(s)

Star rating of 4.

This coursework piece covers all sections of Unit 16. All E grade criteria have been met alongside D, C and B. There is understanding throughout these sections of the requirements of the examining board. There are links to theory and practice where required so as to show knowledge and understanding. However, in places, particularly in the B grade task, better examples linked specifically to babies under 1 year could be used.

Please note that I have been unable to write comments on the references used, as in PDF format these are not legible.

Marked by teacher Jenny Spice 06/06/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Healthcare essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Describe the physical, intellectual, emotional and social development for each of the life stages ...

    3 star(s)

    Adolescence: Living in London had a great impact on my social and our economic status. I started to withdraw in school and had few friends. Due to the new surroundings and many changes, I started to feel shy and intimidated around people.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Equality diversity and rights in health and social care

    3 star(s)

    In my opinion discrimination influence directly on people behavioural, psychological, and physical as well as. The main of the assignment is focus on to explain how the discrimination effects on those who use health and social care services. I will use my knowledge and clearance of understanding the subject to

  1. Produce and monitor an action plan for self development and the achievement of own ...

    better so that I will be able to understand what do when completing my assignment because if I don't ask what I must do then I will not understand what I am going to and then it will be more harder for me.

  2. "My Reflective Experience of an Ethical Dilemma"

    has policies and parameters for which a registered nurse can work within, which enables a nurse to be proactive and use their professional judgement (Seedhouse, 1998). Next time I would not be judgemental but look at the surrounding issues related to decision making.

  1. Childhood development - example of a celebrity, Demi Lovato.

    Childhood 4-10 Physical development- Demi?s appearance begins to change as she grows older. She loser her baby shape and has the shape to look like a small adult. Demi?s growth begins to slow down during her childhood. Physical, intellectual, emotional and social development is all taking place; however Demi is now learning some very difficult skills.

  2. Evaluate how personal learning and development may benefit others

    to repeat and so then we have the tendency to copy and imitate what they do. Through imitation, we learn basic speech as we try to copy others around us and the more we practise what they do, it starts to become second nature to us after a certain period of time.

  1. Outline how legislation, policies and procedures relating to health, safety and security influence health ...

    This act gives you the right to access information believed about you by organisations. In this county it is illegal that carers can not expect personal detail, for example your age, address, your family details and religious believes to be freely available to everyone.

  2. Unit 14 - Identifying and treating physiological disorders.

    As well as this being a reason for the individual moving into residential care they also may need the residential support because they may not have any direct family to care and support them with their progressive disease, family can play a huge part of the caring process with somebody

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work