Unit 19: Applied sociological perspectives for health and social care.

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Unit 19: Applied sociological perspectives for health and social care.

P3- Explain recent demographic change within home country.

Birth and death rates

 There were 723,165 live births in England and Wales in 2010, compared with 706,248 in 2009 (a rise of 2.4 per cent) and 604,441 in 2000. The live birth rates have continued to rise since 2001. During this period the number of live births has risen by 22 per cent from 594,634 in 2001 despite a small fall between 2008 and 2009. An increase in birth rates is due to women not controlling their fertility and not enough discussions on sexual issues. I feel there should be a lot more groups around about pregnancies, especially within schools as many teenagers are becoming pregnant.

There were 493,242 deaths registered in England and Wales in 2010 compared with 491,348 in 2009 (a rise of 0.4 per cent), and 537,877 in 2000. This is the second consecutive year that annual death registrations have been below 500,000. Before 2009, the last time that death registrations fell below 500,000 was in 1952. The number of deaths is affected by mortality rates (which can be affected by epidemics and very cold winters) and the size and age-sex structure of the population.

The death rate is expressed as the number of deaths in a year per 1000 of the population. the upper class has lower death rates than any other social class, I think this is due to the upper class having a better hygiene due to not having to be out in the cold weathers working therefore are not as prone to colds and flue’s. They will also have a better diet than those in the lower class as they will have the money to buy food containing protein and minerals to fight diseases and infections. They will also have better quality of housing and cleanliness, therefore there will be no bacteria, bugs or insects around that could cause serious health risks. Based on mortality rates, s men age 65 could expect to live another 17.6 years and a woman aged 65 another 20.2 years. The reason for this is that women develop problems such as strokes and heart attacks in their 70’s and 80’s, about 10 years later than men who develop them in their 50’s and 60’s.      

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Immigration, emigration and migration

 An Immigrant is a person who has citizenship in one country but who enters a different country to set up a permanent residence. Just entering another country does not make you an immigrant. In order to be an immigrant you must have citizenship in one country, and you must have gone to a different country with the specific intention of living there.  Emigration is the act of moving out of a country. It is distinguished from Immigration that is the act of moving into a new country. Migration is the movement of people from one place ...

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