unit 2 p4 Explain how national initiatives promote anti-discriminatory practice.

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Unit 2 P4: Explain how national initiatives promote anti-discriminatory practice.

For p4 I am going to explain how national initiatives promote anti-discriminatory practice. I am going to cover several acts including humans right act 1998, sex discrimination act 1975

Human rights act 1998

The human’s rights act is very useful within the UK because it lays down the law about what rights we have. It also gives us the freedom that we deserve. These rights may affect many things such as the rights to live and the rights to die also the rights we use in everyday life.

The Human Rights are:

• The right to life

• Freedom from torture and degrading treatment

• Freedom from slavery and forced labour

• The right to liberty

• The right to a fair trial

• The right to an education

• The right to participate in free elections

• The right not to be subjected to the death penalty

 I fount this website useful as it showed me what the human rights were.

For an example I am going to use the right to an education.

All children within a certain age gap have the right to an education and to remain in education until they are 16 then they can have up to their 19 on a free course whether it may be college or sixth form depending on if they want to do bit., no child should be refused education in the Uk. T6he human rights act will ensure that children that are poor or are a different colour will still not be discriminated against. For example if the children weren’t going to school the parents may be took to court. The judge will not discriminated against the too and will ensure it is an equal punishment and not be favoured by one of them. This will ensure they are treated will respect and will also make it a fair trial between the two people about their children.

The right to life- having the right to life means people are in control of their own life, to a certain extent. People need to be prepare because if they do something wrong there will be consequences for their actions. For example bob is an old man he has the right to live life how he wants. If he wants to do a bungee jump and is well enough to do so he can do it despite what anyone else may think. Although he may find himself ill so the doctors may stop him from doing this this will not affect his rights because the doctors are trying to help him. Another example may be: that joy is very ill and can’t make decisions for herself she has been told that there isnt anything that the doctors can do for her. She has the right to live the rest of her life doing what she wasn’t within reason.

Freedom from torture and degrading treatment- Torture is not just hurting someone, but destroying a person’s dignity and making it impossible for that person to continue their lives and activities. Degrading treatment means that there are objects involved. They may use pain causing devices or use people for experiments and also solitary confinement (which can still be used if in prison) this has been banned and anyone that is caught doing this will be sent to prison.  For example if Mable was being tortured by the staff in the care home then there may be problems and whoever is doing this may be sent to jail. However if they are using objects such as a thumb twister or a stretching machine to try and get something out of Mable then the jail sentence will be a lot higher up to a life sentence as this is banned in the UK.

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Age discrimination act 2006

Since October 2006, it has been unlawful for employers and others to discriminate against a person on the basis of his/her age. The original 2006 Regulations have now been incorporated into the Equality Act 2010. Also, from 1 October 2011 there is no longer a default retirement age when employers can force people to retire just because they have reached 65.

Age discrimination legislation therefore applies effectively to everyone who is applying for work and who is in work. Employers, Vocational Training Providers, Employment Agencies, and Occupational Pension Scheme Trustees/Managers etc. are all bound ...

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