Unit 21 Nutrition for Health and social care

Authors Avatar by jbkezza21 (student)

Jessica Bascombe 20174011 Group D Unit 21 Nutritional Health

Unit 21 P1: Explain concepts associated with nutritional health

Unit 21 P2: Describe the characteristics of nutrients and their benefits to the body.

Carbohydrates: Eating this in you daily diet provides an important source of energy and is also good for healthy organ functions; it also helps you to respire. Some carbohydrates may reduce cholesterol, which is very beneficial for your health, sugar carbohydrates such as: glucose, fructose and galactose. Starchy Carbohydrates which are made up of many molecules joined together such as: starch, glycogen, cellulose and pectin without sufficient amount of carbohydrates in your diet you can suffer from Marasmus disease, area deficient disease and Kwashiorkor which can develop in extreme conditions. These occur when energy and protein are lacking in individuals diet over an extended amount of time. Individuals can get their daily amount of carbohydrates from foods such as: cereal, bananas, chocolate, bread, and pasta as well as many more. Carbohydrates are one of the main types of food the liver breaks down carbohydrates into glucose, which our body uses for sugar. Sugar and starch are the main types of carbohydrates that provide energy for the body that consist of carbon hydrogen and oxygen and more are produced by green plants in the process of undergoing photosynthesis.

Protein: This is needed for growth, development and repair. Adults need 8 amino acids whereas children need 10 and pregnant women need protein for lactation and also for growth of the baby. Proteins are large molecules consisting of amino acids, which our body and the cells in our bodies need to function properly. Protein is made up of different combinations of amino acids; these are the building blocks of protein. Amino acids are compounds containing carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen and sometimes sulphur. If an individual lacks in protein it can become Protein energy malnutrition this is mostly seen in infants with studded growth or thin legs and large distended abdomens. Individuals can find protein in foods such as meat, fish, nuts, tofu, eggs, and dairy and come cereals. Our body structures, functions the regulations of the body cells, tissues and organs cannot exist without proteins our muscles, skin, bones and many other parts of the body contains significant amounts of protein as well. Protein accounts for 20% of our body weight enzymes; hormones and anti-bodies are protein they also work as neurotransmitters and carriers of oxygen in blood.

Saturated Fat: Are an important component in our diet and should not be eliminated from the diet entirely. Saturated fats are used to build cell membranes and large components of important hormones. They are also fuel for our hearts and a number of other tissues is we do not eat saturates fats our body is forced to make it, you get saturated fats from foods such as: butter, meat, cake and lard.

Unsaturated Fats: This is liquid at room temperature, they are found in most vegetable products and oils. Although an exception is a group of tropical oils like coconut or palm oil which is highly saturated. Using foods containing “polyunsaturated” and “monounsaturated” fats does not increase our risk of heart disease. However like all fats unsaturated fats give us calories for every gram. So eating too much of these types of fat may also make us gain weight of these types of fat and unsaturated fats in our diets by using less oils and margarine. We can also eat more low-fat foods like vegetables, fruits, breads, rice, pasta and cereals.

Vitamin A:  This is good for functioning of the skin and body linings such as the lungs vitamins are measures in 1mg. It’s also a fat soluble vitamin, you can get vitamin A from eating food like carrots, apricots, cheese, butter, mangoes, beef liver, chicken liver, eggs, spinach, red pepper, and fortified milk. If individuals don’t get enough vitamin A the first sign would be night blindness and dry skin also decreases resistance to infections. Too much vitamin A can cause itchy dry skin, headache, fatigue, hair loss, and vomiting and liver damage.

Vitamin B: Does various bodily functions such as energy productions and making red blood cells there are 8 B Vitamins that our body need:

  • Thiamine – This helps to convert glucose into energy and has a role in nerve function.
  • Riboflavin – This is primary involved in energy production and helps vision and skin health.
  • Niacin – This is an essential for the body to convert carbohydrates, fats and alcohol into energy.
  • Pantothenic Acid – This is needed to metabolise carbohydrates, proteins, aft and alcohol as well product red blood cells.
  • Biotin – This is needed for energy metabolise carbohydrates, aft, amino acids metabolism and glycogen.
  • Pyridoxine - This is needed for protein and carbohydrates metabolism, the formation of red bloody cells and certain brain chemicals.
  • Folate – This is needed to form red blood cells, which carry oxygen around the body.
  • Cyanocobuamin – This help to produce and maintain the nerve cells, mental ability, red blood cells and breaking down some fatty acids.

Vitamin B is water-soluble and is needed for an energy release from food, it help keep your nerve and red blood cells healthy. It is also responsible for smooth functioning of several body processes. If an individual lacks in vitamin B then they can become anaemic plus they can experience tiredness, weakness, constipation, loss of appetite and weight loss.

Join now!

Vitamin C: This is a component of our immune system, it also necessary for collagen the main structural protein found in connective tissue. A healthy dose if vitamin C will protect our body from infection and maintain healthy bones and teeth as well as quicken the body’s ability to repair wounds you can get vitamin C in foods such as citrus fruit, green vegetables, potatoes and peppers. If an individual does not get enough vitamin C then they could become ill with scurvy, their teeth would fall out and old scar tissue can open up and start bleeding, a individual ...

This is a preview of the whole essay