Unit 3 Health, Safety and Security in Health and Social Care. Describe how health and safety legislation, policies and procedures promote the safety of individuals in a health or social care setting.
P2 - Outline how legislation, policies and procedures relating to health, safety and security influence health and social care settings. M1 - Describe how health and safety legislation, policies and procedures promote the safety of individuals in a health or social care setting. Food Safety (General Food Hygiene) Regulations 1995 These regulations were first introduced in 1995. Their aim is to make sure that food hygiene is regulated across Europe and that food poisoning is prevented by ensuring that * Food areas are kept in a clean and good condition and maintain the standards of personal hygiene; * Foods are cooked thoroughly; * Foods are kept at the appropriate temperature; * Prevention of cross-contamination is put into practice. All health and social care settings need to ensure that their kitchens meet the requirements of the regulations. For example, the care home used in the case study in P1 had a kitchen used by staff and service users. The staff and clients using the kitchen need to make sure they wear aprons and gloves at all times to ensure that cross-contamination is prevented and hygiene is promoted. There should be separate chopping boards available for raw and ready-to-eat foods in the kitchen. Good hygiene should be practiced at all times because raw/uncooked foods can come into contact with cooked foods and this can cause food poisoning.
Ruslana Radeva Types of communication and interpersonal interactions Communication in health and social care with the service user and service provider plays a very important role. It is needed to develop positive relationships and share information with people that are using the services. It’s also needed to be able to communicate well with service user’s families or carers as their own colleagues and other professionals. There are two ways to communicate in health and social care either verbally or non-verbally. Health and social care settings can be voluntary, statutory or non statutory. Statutory care settings are governmental such as NHS and Non-statutory means it is not laid down in law. Laws passed by Parliament are statute and go into the statute book. Non statutory can be regulations that are set by ministries but don't go onto the statute book. Guidance and policies can also be regarded as non-statutory, though their provisions may still be expected to be met by various controlling bodies and local and central government. Service users are usually the people who use a service like for example old people are the service users to the residential homes as well as children are the service users to nurseries. You might engage in a conversation in a residential home, a hospital, in a nursery, in a care home, etc. You are likely to be communicating with doctors,
Three different settings where children might play are in the local park, adventure play area and at the pre-school playground.
Sofia shafi Unit 4 assignment D1 - Three different settings where children might play are in the local park, adventure play area and at the pre-school playground. D2 - There are many different age ranges of children who might like to play in the settings that I have chosen. Most local parks have two areas, one for the younger children and an area for the older children. The younger area consists of children around the age of 3 - 7 years; those over 3 1/2 are at the co operative play stage. Co operative play is when children play together. The children start to talk about their play and decide what they will do. They can be heard saying such things such as "let's be monsters "and "let's play with the cars!" The second setting which I chose was the pre school playground the age range is 3 - 5 years. The children run and play about which gives them a chance to communicate and make friends. Children at this age are likely to be at associative play stage or co operative. Associative play is when children start to look at what other children are doing and can start copying them. Children at this stage can also watch older children play and stand at the edge of their games. An adventure play area has a typical age range of 4 - 7 years, they are able to explore and try a range of activities. Children at this age are most likely to be at the co operative play stage. By
E1 Describe three different types of setting which provide care and education for children in your area. E5 Explain the importance of valuing and respecting all children in the setting.
E1 Describe three different types of setting which provide care and education for children in your area. This must include one example from the list: statutory sector, voluntary sector and private sector. There are many different types of settings which provide care and education for children in my area. The statutory sector involves all the organisations that are set up, controlled and funded by the government or local authority for example: St. Anthony's Catholic Primary School. This type of sector is funded by people who pay tax or national insurance. ''A statutory service is one that is provided by government after a law (or statute) has been passed by parliament. Such law says that either: a service must be provided (i.e. there is a duty to provide it)... or a service can be provided (i.e. there is a power to provide it if an authority chooses)...'' (Thornes 2008 pg2) Another type of setting which provides care and education for children in my area is sure start children's centre. This is a voluntary sector and they are run by organizations. This type of sector is not designed to make a profit. ''Money for voluntary organisations comes from a variety of sources that include donations, fund-raising, grants from central or local government, lottery grants and fees for the services they provide.'' (Thornes 2008 pg4) The private
Explain key characteristics and concepts of Humanistic Therapy, Psychodynamic therapy & Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy
Lisa Chinnery Unit 2 1.1 Explain key characteristics and concepts of Humanistic Therapy, Psychodynamic therapy & Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy Humanistic Therapy The foundations of the humanistic approach provide the client with a deeper understanding of who they are, what they feel and the opportunity to explore the possibility of creating personal choices. It encourages self-awareness and self-realisation. Humanistic therapy is used for anxiety, low self-esteem, bereavement, depression, stress management, loss or relationship issues. The key characteristics are; Congruence – Genuineness, the counsellor shows honesty and openness toward the client, not putting on a front, they are equals. Empathy – Accepting the client for who they are, not judging them them whatever they say or do will allow the client to open up. Unconditional Positive Regard – Putting ourselves in the clients shoes, if the client feels, we are right there with them and know how they are feeling it will help them along the way, knowing that they are not alone with how they are feeling and where they are in their mind. Environment – A safe environment is needed for the client to open up and carry on along their journey, they should be seen in a secure, private, comfortable space that allows them the freedom to open up without the worry of outside influences. Also, that their sessions are
Describes the legislation and Organisational requirements in care settings such as Queensland that ensure good practice in dealing with confidentiality.
B. Describes the legislation and Organisational requirements in care settings such as Queensland that ensure good practice in dealing with confidentiality. Includes information about: Legislation: * Data Protection Act * Access to Personal Files Act * Access to Medical Records Act Organisational requirements: * Policies * Procedures * Recording * Storage * Security Data Protection Act: Data Protection Act is relevant to all health, social care and early years' settings such as nursing homes or child care homes as it is a law which is set by the parliament in the UK which explains how to handle and deal with private information of others. It explains that the private information should be kept private from people who do not have the authority to look at the information they are not suppose to look at such as personal details, this act is works very strongly in care settings and only data controllers can have the right to look at it. If an individual wants to look at their personal information they will have to seek permission first. Personal data that is kept must be kept up to date and no linger then necessary for particular reasons such as when there is emergency and they need to contact that individuals family. This Act is applied to all sort of personal information such as business information, credit card details, health records and social service records. All
Charliee Nicholls Unit 2 Task 2 P2 P3 M1 Equality, diversity and rights Barry Barnhurst In this assignment I will be describing the discriminatory practice that may occur within health and social care and the potential effects of discriminatory practices on service users. I will also be assessing the effects of 3 different discriminatory practices on service users and the impact that this can have on them. Infringement of rights is when you do not respect somebody’s individual rights. For example if somebody is of a particular religion or culture and has to pray at a certain time of the day and you do not allow them to carry this out, then you are infringing somebody’s rights. As a health and social care professional you need to be aware of these rights and ensure that you do not take them away from somebody. This can lead to an individual feeling devalued which can have big effects on their health, confidence and self-esteem. Covert abuse of power- This is when a health and social care professional uses their power to discriminate against someone. This could include treating someone differently to someone else. Covert abuse of power means that someone abuses their power in a manner which does not draw direct attention to them or the practice itself. It is a means of undermining anti-discriminatory policies through the use of secretive forms of discrimination. If
Samaira Azim Anne Ferguson P2. Explain different sociological approaches to health and well being . There are different sociological approaches to health and well being such as: . the biomedical approach 2. the socio-medical approach The biomedical approach to health and well being is a way of looking at a person’s health as something which is affected by disease, injury and illness rather than the person’s environment and lifestyle. They exclude all other factors which are not related to the body itself. For example, if a person was showing symptoms of a chest infection, the doctor would listen to their chest and send them for an x-ray to find out what has caused the problem rather than questioning their environment and housing conditions. The biomedical model is the dominant way of practising medicine in modern industrial societies such as our own. There are standards concerning the ‘normal’ functioning of the mind and body against which all others can be judged. The doctor then decides what the symptoms that the patient describes signify. On the basis of this a diagnosis is made and interventions decided upon. For example if a patient describes the symptoms of high blood pressure, the doctor may measure his or her blood pressure and the patient may then be prescribed drugs. The doctor therefore is rather like a mechanic mending a faulty motor
Discusses nutritional and energy requirements, comparing and contrasting similarities and differences between the two groups for each nutrient, and for energy. Pregnant women and breastfeeding women... It is important for pregnant women to understand what kind of food is best for them and their baby as it will fully protect the health of the mother and provide optimal growth and development of her unborn baby. In the first half of pregnancy, nutrition requirements mainly concern quality, while in the second half; quantity is also an issue to ensure fetal growth. Proper nutritional habits should already be established at the start of this second life - if possible even before conception. The pregnant mother's body is subject to greater demands to ensure fetal development as well as the growth, health and functioning of the uterus, placenta and amniotic fluid. A daily increase of 150 calories in food consumption is recommended at the start of pregnancy, which will eventually reach an extra 250 calories a day by the end of pregnancy. The average weight gained is between 9 and 12 kg (20 to 26 lbs) although there is a natural variation between individuals. With overweight women, it may be less, while thinner women may gain more. However, Pregnant women require more energy (or calories) during the last trimester of pregnancy and more protein, vitamins A, C, D, and the B vitamins
Unit 8: Psychological Perspectives for Health and Social Care. P2: Explain different psychological approaches to health practice. There are six different psychological approaches in psychology. I have talked about these in great detail in my previous assignment P1, I will now discuss the different psychological approaches to health practice. The six psychological approaches are; Behaviourist perspective*, Social learning theory, Psychodynamic perspective, Humanistic perspective, Cognitive perspective* and the Biological perspective. The behaviourist perspective is all about believing that learning has occurred when you can see the changes in behavior. The behavioral learning model is the result of conditioning. Conditioning suggests that a reward following a desirable response acts as a reinforcer and increases the likelihood that the desirable response will be repeated. Reinforcement is the most important part of the behaviorist approach. A paediatric nurse in a healthcare setting provides reinforcement at each step of the process. For example, when a child is having to get a blood test done and is afraid and refusing to do so calmly, the nurse will look for a positive behavior and then gives the patient immediate reinforcement by saying, “you are such a big boy, well done!” or “you did an excellent job with that!”. Another time the behaviourist theory is used