Describe physical, intellectual, emotional and social development throughout life stages (P1) Life stages Physical development Intellectual development Emotional development Social development Conception is the fertilization of the egg by the sperm and its implantation in the uterine wall Innate reflex, growth. Cellular development Pregnancy is the state of being pregnant; the period from conception to birth when a woman carries a developing fetus in her uterus Physical development takes place in the uterus were the embryo develops in to a fetus and the baby grows bigger, developing in growth at the same time as by the end of 8 weeks all major organs have developed but are continuing to grow in size. Birth and infantry Theses stages begin after the mother has given birth and is at stages 0-3 of a Childs life. This is the stage were the process of development of walking begins At birth stage the neonate's movements are random with no co-ordination with primitive reflexes, will use reflexes in a response to a stimulus such as touch and sound. After some months the infant will use voluntary movements. After the first month the child can hold their own head up for a few seconds were as after 10 months can support themselves in standing by balancing on nearby furniture and have developed motor skills such as use of picking up objects from one hand to the other.
BND Health and Social Care Unit 4- Development Through The Life Stages P4- Describe the two theories of ageing M3- Use examples to compare two major theories of ageing D2-Evaluate the influence of two major theories of ageing on health and social care provision In this assignment I am going to be writing about the two theories of the ageing process of an individual. These two theories are called the disengagement theory and the activity theory. Disengagement Theory The disengagement theory was a theory, introduced by two authors called Cuming and Henry (1961), which suggested that as we get older, we will naturally make positive effort to withdraw from life as a response to their lessening physical, intellectual, emotional and social skills and abilities, diminishing interests and expectations of how they should behave. The reason for this is because older people will disengage due to reduced physical health and loss of social opportunities. (B.Stretch, 2007) There are many problems or issues that have a tendency to limit social interactions, which could potentially be a reason why older people tend to disengage more. I am going to now going to demonstrate this in a table below: Problem Explanation Ill health Poor mobility or problems with hearing or vision may make interaction with other people more difficult Retirement Retiring from work may mean less contact
Describe the standard precautions for the prevention and control of infection in a health and social care workplace.
P3-Describe the standard precautions for the prevention and control of infection in a health and social care workplace. One standard precaution in health and social care workplaces to prevent the spread of infections is to wash hands constantly. This is because most of the surfaces which workers in the sector will touch will have some bacteria on them. Although in this is not much of a problem at first as the build up of bacteria increases so does the chance of infection spreading. So as a precaution to prevent infection being spread from the bacteria on the hand they often wash their hands regularly with anti-bacterial hand wash. (Ayling.P, 2007) Standard Precautions * Protect broken skin * Observe the hand hygiene policy * Use protective clothing correctly * Observe aseptic precautions for all invasive procedures/manipulation of catheters. * Clean, disinfect and/or sterilise as appropriate reusable equipment between each use. * Handle and dispose of bed linen correctly. * Dispose of sharps and clinical waste correctly. * Clean/disinfect spillages of blood/body fluids as per guidance. * Maintain a clean environment to minimise the accumulation bacteria potentially harmful to patients. * Immunisations and infection control * Principles of good hygiene * Importance of appropriate protective clothing * General cleanliness * Principles of isolation nursing *
Communication are done to exchange information, messages etc. The effectiveness of messages depends upon the way we say it. However the communication can be inhabited or supported by inappropriate or appropriate communications which are described below. Positioning Positioning can create barrier on receiving messages and interpreting messages which inhibit communication. If we cannot see each other then it will inhibit communication. In care setting, it is important to keep our eyes in the same level as the person that we are communicating. But it is an important to consider positioning while working with different people having different difficulties. For example in early year setting, children look at our facial expression, tone of voice, etc to understand us and in elderly care setting, people having hearing difficulties can read our lips to understand us etc. therefore in care setting, it is important to have positioning to understand them as well as us. Seating pattern send different messages. They are based upon the certain types of discussion, meetings, etc. While having a group communication it is important to have appropriate positioning as it influence on how a group works. The seating patterns should be in such a way that everyone can see and hear one another. Sitting in circle group tells everyone is equal and lets everyone to speak. They can share and
Working with Young Children Curriculum Plan E1 The Curriculum Plan is for children age between 3-5 yr 11 months. The setting that I am attending is an Infant/nursery school, which is located in an urban town in the West Midlands. It caters for 260 children age between 3-7 years 11 months. I will carry out the activities in the reception classroom which also has an outdoor area. E2 Aim of Plan The aim of the plan is to provide children with different activities which are related to Easter and were they can develop and learn in the six areas of development. The activities will link to the Foundation Stage Curriculum. E3 The Curriculum Plan will be implemented over 5 days. E6/E8 Activity 1 - Easter cards Size of group: 4 children at one time. (60 children in total) Duration: 10-15 minutes Setting: Reception classroom which is located in an urban town in the West Midlands Immediate context: The activity will take place in the art area of the reception classroom Main area of learning: Creative development Learning objectives: * Learn names of colours * Learn to communicate with other children * Learn to take turns * Learn to clean the environment after activity * How to share equipment such as Scissors * Children will learn hand and co-ordination skills when cutting * They will learn how to make a card * how to decorate a card * learn about Easter,
AO1 Introduction I am going to describe how demographic characteristics influence the provision of local services in the area of Eastleigh. Demographic factors have a direct impact on the planning and delivery of all types of services, non-statutory and statutory. Analysis of these characteristics will enable planners to plan the delivery of health, social, educational and early-years services to meet the needs of service users at a local level. Effective planning of care practice and provision of services aims to respond to the changing needs and priorities at a local level, but also takes into consideration national priorities. Service providers will work together to ensure they understand the requirements. The local planning at Eastleigh Borough Council is influenced by demographic characteristics, including trends and how they compare to national statistics. It is also influenced by national standards, targets and objectives which are set by the government. Demographic influences include the following: health needs of the population; disability; age distribution of the population; unemployment; number of single parent families; the number of older people. I will investigate two of those demographic influences, namely the age distribution and the health needs of the population. Planners will use and establish targets or objectives against which progress or success
Health and safety at work act 1974 This Act is about security and welfare of every person at work, for protecting others against risks to health, also preventing the unlawful acquisition, procession and use of dangerous substances. It is the responsibility of all employers to health, safety ad social well being of that staff contractors, visitors and members of the public on their premises at all times. The main requirement of the Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations is that employers must carry out risk assessments to eliminate or reduce risks. Employers with five or more employees need to record the significant findings of a risk assessment - it is not necessary to record risk assessments for trivial or insignificant risks. It recommended that staff receive health and safety training to assist in achieving their aims. In every work place maintenance of a working environment for employees that is safe, without risks to health, adequate as regard facilities and arrangement. Employers to minimise the health risks associated with manual handling, a term used to describe activities which involve lifting, carrying, moving, holding, pushing, lowering, pulling or restraining an object, person or animal. Employers should: * avoid the need to lift, carry, push, pull, lower or support loads wherever possible * mechanise tasks where they cannot be avoided by the use
Positive Care Environments. In my assignment I have chosen to focus on the rights of the elderly care at a residential home.
Positive Care Environments In my assignment I have chosen to focus on the rights of the elderly care at a residential home. I have chose this certain service user group as I think that I can easily gain access to information about the setting and research on some of the policies and procedures the organisation may follow. The unit consists of four key areas; these are the values and individual rights of service users, barriers to access, how to create a positive environment and how society promotes service user rights. Diversity refers to the visible and invisible, large and small differences that exist between people, such as gender, race, ethnic origin, physical and mental origin, sexual orientation, age, economic class, language, religion, nationality, education, family and marital status, social background, height weight and other individual characteristics. (3) Britain today is a richly diverse society and culture. Its residents reflect a wide range of national, cultural, racial and religious backgrounds and mixtures. British governments have taken - and continue to take - steps to tackle problems of discrimination and disadvantage through pioneering such things as race relations legislation which makes racial discrimination an unacceptable, and illegal, practice, and through policy to redress disadvantage.(2) Britain's ethnic diversity, with its range of and unique
Drugs and Alcohol In this essay I aim to find out why people, particularly teenagers, turn to drugs and / or alcohol. I am also going to research the different kinds of drugs available, and the effects of these drugs and alcohol. I will also find out how I can help somebody with a drug or alcohol problem. There are many reasons why people turn to drugs or alcohol, they include: * They enjoy the short-term effects * They want the same kind of experience they get from drinking alcohol * Their friends use them * They are curious about the effects * The drugs are easily available * As part of growing up, teenagers want to 'break the rules' Alcohol, however, is a lot easier to get hold of, and many young children and teenagers have drunk alcohol with their friends to get drunk. I surveyed several teenagers that have drank alcohol and asked them why they did it. Becky, 13 - My friends have vodka and stuff in their cupboards and we just mix them all up and get drunk for a laugh. I know it's stupid but we just do it. Jo, 15 - One night I just got really, really drunk because I was with my friends. I ended up giving some lip to a policeman and being put in a cell! Miles, 17 - If alcohol disappeared there'd be no way to enjoy yourself. People take drugs and drink alcohol differently, and these different ways are put into three different categories. Some people take a
Evaluate the requirements of health care workers in terms of providing a competent workforce for the health sector
D1-Evaluate the requirements of health care workers in terms of providing a competent workforce for the health sector Lord Darzi published High Quality Care for All in 2008 which looked at workers and patients experience of the NHS. A key part of High Quality of Care is ensuring that patients are treated with compassion and respect and in a safe and well managed area. The NHS relies on its staff to deliver this. Staff need to be competent, to have the skills, knowledge they need to do the job, as well as sticking to the values of the NHS and patient centered care. A key skill for health workers is reliability which is very important in a patient centred care, particularly as much of the work in hospitals works on the basis of shifts. So turning up late or not at all not only impacts on the patient who can not then be seen and then has a negative view of the service, but on other colleagues who are not able to finish their shift on time. Reliability means not only turning up on time, but carrying out the various tasks on time, so that patients do not have to wait longer than necessary because too much time has been spent with the previous patient, or do not feel as though they are being hurried along so the health care can get back on schedule and deal with other tasks. Making patients wait means they become irritated, and feel that their time is not really appreciated,