Unit 6 - Promoting A Healthy Environment For Children CACHE Level 3 Award/Certificate/Diploma In Child Care and Education * E1) Practitioners can work on promoting and maintain a healthy lifestyle and environment by: * Allowing children to have a balanced diet, this can be done by encouraging children to eat their five-a-day. By reading books and poems that they can join into, this will help children to remember the importance of having a balanced diet. By having fruit and vegetables provided for the children in school, helps them to eat at least on piece a day. The School Fruit & Vegetable scheme is a programme that helps to increase fruit & vegetable intake. This is important as each child deserves a healthy start in life as it may influence their health in the future. The School Fruit & Vegetable Scheme states: "By providing four to six year old children with an extra portion of fruit or vegetable each school day, along with a positive and enjoyable experience of eating fruit and vegetables, the scheme encourages children to develop positive attitudes towards fruit and vegetables." (www.dh.gov.uk) * If a child is allowed regular exercise it allows motivation of brain activity, aids the digestive system, develops bone density and maintains it and strengths the muscles. Physical activities such as practical training, P.E., climbing frames and riding bikes help
P1: Describe physical, intellectual, emotional and social development through the life stages The life stages we are going to be discussing are: * Conception (Fertilisation) * Pregnancy (Before birth, which can take up to 9 months) * Birth and infancy (0-3 years) * Childhood (4-9 years) * Adolescence (10-18 years) * Adulthood (19-65 years) * Older adulthood (65+) * The final stages of life (death) The physical, intellectual, emotional and social development of a child is known as P.I.E.S P-Physical development is the process of becoming mature biologically I-Intellectual development is the development of thinking language skills E-Emotional development if the development of feeling towards other people and ourselves S-Social development is developing relationships with people Conception The male sex cell (gamete it also called) is the sperm and the female sex cell (which is also called a gamete) is known as the ovum. Fertilisation occurs when the sperm enters an ovum, however every single ovum may not be fertilised. The female's sex cell is bigger than the male's sex cell, with a tail for the male sex cell so that it can move. The front of the sperm is called the acrosome, which contains enzymes which digests the ovum's coating. The large amount of cytoplasm in the ovum contains yolk droplets which had protein in them along with lipids; all of this helps
Rebecca Evans Thursday 11th February 2010 Psychological Perspectives in Health and Social Care Assignment 1: Psychological Approaches in The Care Setting Learning Outcomes:- . Understand psychological approaches to study. 2. Be able to apply psychological approaches to Health and Social Care. As part of this assignment, I aim to describe the application of behaviourist perspectives in health and social care. I will then go on to describe the application of psychodynamic perspectives in health and social care. Finally, I will analyse the contribution of different psychological perspectives to the understanding and management of challenging behaviour. Task 1 P1) * Describe the principles of Operant Conditioning in health and social care and use these principles to explain why a child has persistent tantrums. This type of learning was first developed by Burrhus Frederic Skinner, an American Psychologist who worked mainly with rats and pigeons discovering main key principles of learning new behaviours using the now famous "Skinner box", he was able to condition the animal to adapt to behaviour patterns. The box contained a lever, which when pressed produced a food pellet into the box. Initially, when the rat for example, was released in the box, it would run around
Review Strategies used in health and social care environments to overcome barriers to effective communication and interpersonal interactions
M2 - Review Strategies used in health and social care environments to overcome barriers to effective communication and interpersonal interactions The strategies used to overcome barriers when communicating in health and social care can have strengths and weakness, this assignment is going to look at how these methods can be successful or not. The strategies that are going to be reviewed are: reflective listening, training of professionals, looking at the preferences of individuals, checking the setting, technological aids and the professional's awareness of non-verbal communication. Reflective listening Reflective listening is a great way in overcoming barriers to communication, this because this strategy can help in keeping the cycle of communication going and showing interest in what a client has to say, this is also a good way of build self esteem needs in clients, this is because it can show the professional is thinking and listening to what the person is saying, an example of this is though a professional saying something like "so, when your mum told you, you weren't allow to go out it made you feel angry", this is showing and ensure the professional has understood what was said. A disadvantage of reflective listening is that is a person has low self esteem or is angry or is upset they may not want to take the feedback the professional has said, or would get annoyed
D1 Describe the purpose of one setting that is statutory provision for each age range. There are many settings which provide care for children. One statutory setting which provides care for children from the age of 3 to 5 would be a nursery for example Our lady of Peace Nursery. ''They exist because there is a law that states that all children should be educated'' (Tassoni 2007 pg3) and will have to follow the government or local authority to have them open. The purpose of this setting is to give children registered care facilities which offer full time and part time care for the children and provides pre-school education experiences such as constructive activities, etc... As well as an opportunity to socialize with their classmates by having the 15 hours a week of education which is delivered by the early year's foundation for 36 weeks a year. Another example of a statutory setting for children aged between 5 & 7 is a primary school such as Claycots primary school. The children are either in Year 1 or year2 and require knowledge, understanding and skills for subjects that must be studied and they would be art and design, English, Math, geography, music, physical education (P.E) and science. By children studying these subjects the teachers can use to check the child's progress and help them in their future learning which could be than tested and reported to the child's
Why MRSA is difficult to treat MRSA is difficult to treat because of it's resistance. Acquired immune processes include the body's adaptive response to antibiotics. ie when given the body makes specific antibodies to combat MRSA by destroying it's outer membrane. Antibiotics can be given orally or through injections. The main antibiotics used are vancomycin and rifampicin and they are most effective when used in combination. If it's used early then it can eradicate the infection within 48 hours. Moreover, as a preventative measure it may be given immediately after surgery (particularly invasive techniques.) Vancomycin is considered the "last line of defence" but alone it may be ineffective as, although rare in the UK certain strains of (non-classic) MRSA can be resistant to the antibiotic(s.) Vancomycin can also have serious side effects. Patients can develop experience liver and kidney damage. Alternative antibiotics in use are linezolid and flucloxacillin. Flucloxacillin is more common in community practice. In l994 a warning was placed on the listing of its use due to a possible association with cholestatic hepatitis. However, with MRSA infections, the morbidity and potential mortality are high and the benefits of flucloxacillin far outweigh the risks. Linezolid is also effective. Infact, it may be equivalent to Vancomycin in the treatment of MRSA infections.
Summarise the factors which may influence the health and development of babies in the first year of their lives.
Working With Babies from Birth to 12 Months Andrea Fernandes Annette Small CACHE Childcare and Education Level 3, Barnet College, 09/621764 E1-Summarise the factors which may influence the health and development of babies in the first year of their lives. Environmental factors such as not having enough space in the garden for the baby to play and explore will influence their development as they may not be able to expand their gross and fine motor skills. "Generally people with a high level of earnings enjoy a better lifestyle, with better housing, better food, warm clothes and own transport" Meggit. C. (2001:10) Parents may not have enough money to fund for toys and equipment for the baby which means they will not benefit from experiences. On the other hand, babies who are raised in poverty are less likely to receive good nourishment and may live in unsuitable housing. Poverty therefore increases the likelihood of accidents and infections. Another factor is genetics which may influence the health and development of the baby. At the moment of conception when one sperm fuses with one egg information that will affect the baby's development comes together this information is known as DNA (deoxyribonucleicacid). DNA contains information that will influence our physical appearance, pre-disposition to illness. This is because some of the illnesses are inherited
Unit SHC 21 Task 1.1 Need something To ask a question Make or receive appointments To answer a question Give or Emotions receive Understand or instructions express To know what is expected To learn / teach of you To feel part Of something The setting I work in use a variety of different methods to communicate with parents including, monthly newsletters, class teachers handouts telling you what they are doing each term, text messages for example when the weather is bad and school has to close, letters and posters. Explain how effective communication affects all aspects of your work. Effective communication is the foundation if everything you do in your work and affects every aspect of your work and who you work with, including colleagues, parents and children. It is a two way process and the type of communication will vary depending on who you are communicating with and their age. The communication can be either verbal or non verbal. Non-verbal can include body language; touch eye contact, physical movement and behaviour as not everyone may be able to communicate through speech. Not only do you need to make sure you are getting the right message across to who you are communicating with, but also that they are understanding the message you are giving. This will help build your relationship and trust with colleagues,
The aim of this assignment is to investigate the dietary requirements for people of different ages, gender and lifestyles.
Dietary Requirements Introduction The aim of this assignment is to investigate the dietary requirements for people of different ages, gender and lifestyles. This will include looking at the nutrients found in a variety of different food groups and also calorie intake. As males require a higher calorie intake than females, when referring to a persons calorie requirement at different stages I will be stating the number as male/female, e.g. at age 0-3 months a male requires 545 kcal and females require 515 kcal, so this will be expressed as 0-3 months = 545/515 kcal. Calorie Intake A person's energy requirement will vary throughout their life due to growth and activity levels, increasing greatly through its early stages, puberty and teens, then declining slowly from the age of twenty. Over the first four months breast milk is fed to a baby, which provides the required antibodies and nutrition. At this stage the calorie requirement is 545/515. Between four to six months, the energy requirement is increased to 690/645. During this weaning stage the baby is fed pureed baby food, either homemade or shop bought, specifically for babies of that age and not contain any cow's milk, wheat, citrus fruits or added salt. At six months, solid foods can be introduced; as the energy requirements go up to 825/765 at seven months, 920/865 at ten. It is still important to avoid added
Childcare in Education Level 3, Unit 1. The different sectors involved in education and relevant legislation.
Unit 1 assignment. Statutory sector education is provided my law by the government or by the local authorities for children aged 5 - 18. What the setting teach is based on the National Curriculum or the EYFS framework. One example of a setting which is a statutory sector is a mainstream primary or secondary school. Statutory sector supports children and their families by providing a childcare facility and education which in turn provides a good start in life and a place where parents know that their children are safe. It also provides a routine that helps children later in life to deal with work schedules. Voluntary sector is paid for by donations and charities, however the authorities do pay for the upkeep. The voluntary sector depends on voluntary, rather than paid for effort, an example of a voluntary sector setting is a youth centre. These organisations add value to the community and bring the community closer together, voluntary sectors provide their own child protection, health and safety and data protection policies and procedures, however still undergo regular OFSTED inspections. Voluntary sectors provide a place for underprivileged children to socialise with children they might not have met otherwise, it also provides a place for children of families with low incomes to go which requires no membership or fee, voluntary settings also usually provide a volunteer