Account for Mao’s rise to power.
Mao Zedong and the communist party came to power in 1949, we can account for the rise by applying Stephen Lee’s criteria to it. The four main factors that led to this rise were conditions of China and failure of previous governments, failure of GMD, CCP tactics and strong leadership. It is important to note that not all these factors were created solely or even at all by Mao.
Mao Zedong was one of the founding members of the CCP in 1921. His appointment as leader of the most successful communist base in Kiangsi gained him respect and in return for his services to the communist party he was elected Chairman of the central soviet government in 1931. It is difficult to unscramble Mao’s individual contribution to the CCP’s rise but many historians believe his background and personality helped him become chairman. Jung Chang disagrees, instead suggesting that he became leader through manipulation. It is generally undebated that Mao was a strong unifying leader this increased the CCP’s popularity amongst the general population as problems that were affecting China such as disunification were a direct consequence of weak leadership.