• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Analyse the Aims successes and failures of Bismarck's Foreign policy between the years 1871 and 1890.

Extracts from this document...


Analyse the Aims successes and failures of Bismarck's Foreign policy between the years 1871 and 1890. James Smith-Lower Sixth Picasso Differently to Bismarck's domestic policy, which seemed to have differing aims across these years it seems that Bismarck's foreign policy maintained certain aims across these years and Bismarck adapted his foreign policy due to the circumstances in front of him so that he could maintain and achieve these aims. These choices made by Bismarck had mixed success and failure but at the end of it all Bismarck had achieved his main aim, The preservation of the new German state. Bismarck's first idea to maintain peace in Germany was the League of Three Emperors, which was an alliance between the emperors of Austria, Russia and Germany. Other aims that come out of this alliance were the isolation of France and trying to avoid making a choice between Austria and Russia. The league was created on the 22nd of October 1873 but it remained much like an empty shell as Germany rejected ideas for a Russo-German military pact shortly after its creation. ...read more.


Bismarck's refusal to make a choice either way infuriated Gorchakov but Germany could ill-afford to see the empires of Austria or Russia permanently weakened so he had to maintain this evasion. However once Russia invaded Turkey in April 1877 Bismarck's aims changed again. Germany and Austria now faced hostility from Russia and so he aimed to deflect this hostility away from Germany onto Britain but this failed as Germanys own neutrality in the situation was interpreted as an anti-Russian act. Nothing Bismarck tried here seemed to go his way the policies used during the Eastern Crisis failed but still Germany continued to survive and thrive so we cannot say that the situation was a failure. A revival of The League of Three Emperors was next for Bismarck but soon after he tried to revive it became obvious that it wasn't going to happen. So instead he tried for a dual alliance with Austria but his reasons for doing this are not certain. ...read more.


The emergence in France of a peaceful bourgeois republic in 1877 meant that Bismarck could stop his prolonged aim of isolating France as their threat was temporarily numbed. It also meant that Bismarck who, according to one argument, was trying to create a middle Europe bloc could take this rare chance of creating friendly relations with France. He did this by proposing an Entente meaning friendly relations between two states. His likelihood of making this entente work increased when he made himself "presentable to France" by taking hold of African colonies in 1884 and therefore causing an argument with the British and giving the French and Germans a reason to have a relationship which was clearly the fear of Britain. Later that year the proposed colonial entente was agreed between the two nations and political success was Bismarck's again. This however quickly fell through as a new war minister who was very anti-German was employed meaning that the political climate changed rapidly in the direction of anti-entente. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Assess the successes and failures of Mussolini's domestic policy.

    5 star(s)

    The Pope recognised Rome as the capital of Italy, authorising Mussolini as leader of Italy, and also more importantly, withdrew his support of the Catholic Popular Party; this effectively meant that Mussolini was now free of any political rivals. Mussolini was very successful in securing good relations between the Church

  2. Assess the effectiveness of Napoleon III's foreign policy. How did his foreign policy affect ...

    However, he has miscalculated the situation. His armies failed to score a quick victory over the Austrians and in the Italian nationalist movement he found he has unable to control. Fearing that Prussia and other German states might come to aid of Austria and alarming that Italian unity could become harmful to France if she became

  1. Assess the view that the failures of the Congress of Vienna outweighed the successes.

    old one, as the union of 39 states forming the German confederation was retained. On the other hand, the settlement has been unfairly condemned for ignoring liberal and national principles, as concessions were clearly made. The French monarchy was restored with a Charter, making it more liberal than any other country of Continental Europe.

  2. Assess the success of Bismarck's foreign policy with reference to: a) Keeping France isolated ...

    This infuriated Bismarck, as again he had been defeated and instead of decreasing support for France, he ended up creating support for them, and he realized France was not so isolated after all. There was, in 1875, another threat to the stability of the new unified Germany.

  1. To what extent was Bismarck in control of the direction Germany's Foreign Policy took ...

    In the decade preceding the Unification, Germany was involved in three wars, which Bismarck had instigated, in order to achieve the United Germany. "For the rest of Bismarck's career Germany remained at peace" (Lee, Stephen one of the leading historians of European history, he presents both arguments on my debate, therefore he is a reliable historian to quote).

  2. Hitlers Germany

    But his generals, fearful of the coming conflict in the West, stalled and again plotted his removal. After an ugly, angry scene with the commander in chief of the army, Hitler postponed the operation. The Allies, feeling smugly safe believed the Maginot line, also did not stir.


    Hitler's 'gamble' had paid off. Hitler knew that the British was 'hostile to military action' France would not act alone and Britain offered no help at this point also French public opinion was strongly opposed to any confrontation with Hitler. International situations helped Hitler in entering the Rhineland.

  2. How far can the impact of the depression be seen as a key turning ...

    blame placed on Germany was seen as an insulting blow to their national pride which formed a key component of German ideology. These factors combined to create an unparalleled resentment and dissatisfaction with the Treaty across the entire German population, which subsequently created a vast pool of support for Hitler

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work