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AS and A Level: British History: Monarchy & Politics

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  1. How far do you agree that the Personal Rule in England (1629-1640) was a success in finance but a failure in religion?

    Some, but limited, comment for the most part, be unsupported and generalist 1 (1-5) question has not been properly understood limited organisational and communication skills irrelevant or extremely limited unsupported, vague or generalist comment Start your answer here: Whilst government debt was reduced by £1 million during this period, the reliance on unsustainable short-term methods of revenue collection which failed to provide a long-term solution to the financial weaknesses of the Crown meant that in regard to finance the Personal Rule was a partial failure. The religious policy pursued during the Personal Rule not only failed to establish conformity in religious belief among his subjects, which was Charles’ intention, but induced such hatred from large swathes of the Charles’ subject that by 1640 radical puritanism entered mainstream thought of the political nation.

    • Word count: 1617
  2. Gladstone misunderstood the Irish question. This is why his Irish policy failed. Discuss.

    Gladstone faced the Irish question with this same conviction during his first government. Thus it was not for lack of effort that his Irish policy failed. Rather it was the way in which he went about reforming the three main areas of concern: land, religion and education. In certain areas he misunderstood the issues at the heart of the Irish question. In others, by the time his bills had past both houses, they were so diluted by amendments that little of his policy remained. It may have been a combination of these factors, fundamental misunderstanding, poor implementation and lack of party unity, that doomed his Irish policy to failure.

    • Word count: 1174
  3. How far was Lord Liverpool's government a reforming one in the years 1822 to 1827?

    The Jails Act meant that the government had reformed the conditions under which prisoners were kept ? conditions which had previously been unregulated and inhumane. These are but a few pieces of evidence that prove that Lord Liverpool?s government was a reforming one. Nevertheless, the government refused to reform several aspects of life regarding the middle and lower class. The poor lived in squalor, in polluted cities with very poor public health. Nothing was done about this. Therefore, it can be argued that many of the reforms that took place served the interests of the rich rather than the poor.

    • Word count: 1058
  4. Causes and Consequences of the Elizabethan Settlement

    Thus Elizabeth I needs to have only one main religion in England that will unify Protestants and Catholics. An example of Government having the pressure for uniformity is when religious changes caused rebellions in the reigns of Henry VIII and Edward VI. Hence, the most important cause of the Elizabethan Settlement is the Government pressure for uniformity to avoid foreign wars and rebellions. Another vital long term and political cause of the Elizabethan Settlement was the pressure from foreign powers because England was at war with Catholic France. Making England too Protestant could provoke an invasion by the French Army in Scotland.

    • Word count: 1166
  5. Using these three sources in their historical context, assess how far they support the view that Churchill was out of touch with mainstream politics in 1929-40?

    Appeasement was highly popular in Britain because a lot British people didn?t desire another World War. They didn?t want a repeat of a total war that had affected everyone finically, physically, socialising and emotionally. Baldwin losing the election to a Labour candidate can be point to show that Churchill is out of touch with mainstream politics because Baldwin and Churchill had the same views on rearmament. The British public voting for Labour and not the Conservative, who were campaigning for rearmament, is an indication that people had favoured appeasement over rearmament.

    • Word count: 1439
  6. Anne Boleyn was the most important person in bringing about the Kings divorce in the years 1529 - 33. Discuss. (24 marks)

    Boleyn introduces Henry to these ideas by giving him a book titled ?obedience of christian men? written by W.Tyndale. Once Henry has read this book it gives him the idea of wanting to gain him own power in being able to run his own country, so leads him gaining power over law and giving his the authority divorce Catherine and marry Boleyn. So if it wasn't for Boleyn Henry may not of had the idea in the first place to challenge the authority of the Pope over the King.

    • Word count: 1460
  7. How successful was the Labours Welfare State of 1945?

    The popularity of the Beveridge report was evident to intelligent Clement Atlee, with the report itself selling 750,000 copies in its first months of publishing across the nation and even the USA. This important document was used as the basis for the mass change implemented between 1945-1951. The reports main focus was to deal with 5 main factors that needed to be targets for change; these factors were called ?The Five Giants?, Want, Disease, Squalor, Ignorance and Idleness. ?Want? was the term for overarching poverty in order for Labour to tackle this several acts needed to be passed.

    • Word count: 1405
  8. Why and with what degree of success did Cromwell attempt to expand English interests in Ireland and the West Indies?

    Firstly it is important to assess the reasons for why Oliver Cromwell attempted to expand English interests in Ireland. Cromwell was appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland in 1649 and led the New Model Army in the English Parliamentarian conquest of Ireland between 1649 and 1651. There has been much debate between historians as to what Cromwell's motives were in Ireland. Historian John Morrill states that Cromwell's principle objective was to eliminate the threat of military support for Charles II.[1] It is clear that parliament and Cromwell held security concerns over the threat of the Old English who remained loyal to the monarchy and it was feared that Ireland could be used as a 'backdoor' to launch an invasion of England.

    • Word count: 1859
  9. British Political Timeline 1815-85

    to form a government, Grey becomes Prime Minister 1831-32 ? Cholera epidemic hits Britain ? Roughly 32,000 people die 1831 ? First Reform Bill ? Passed Commons by one vote. Parliament dissolved and general election held General election ? Whigs return with majority of 130 Second Reform Bill ? Passed Commons easily; but thrown out of Lords, country erupts in violence Third Reform Bill ? Passes easily; but Lords employ delaying tactics, Grey asks King to create pro-reform peers; King refuses, Grey resigns, country erupts in violence, Wellington fails to form a government, Grey back as PM and King agrees

    • Word count: 1969

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?

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