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AS and A Level: British History: Monarchy & Politics
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How successful was Wolseys foreign policy in satisfying the ambitions of Henry VIII in the years to 1526?
This is the orthodox interpretation, where the main idea is that Wolsey wanted to maintain the balance of power. However, J.J. Scarisbrick had serious doubt on the geniuses of Wolsey?s ambition to become Pope. He argued that Wolsey?s support of papal diplomatic initiatives was largely coincidental and happened because England and the Papacy shared common interests from time to time. Scarisbrick established a new ?revisionist? interpretation based on the existence of a main aim and a preferred method. The aim was the established and maintenance of peace. The method was a variant of the old ?balance of power? interpretation.
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How far do you agree with the view that cultural imperialism was the main reason explaining the expansion of Britains Empire in Africa in the years 1870-1899?
However, my opinion is contradicted by Kipling?s poem, The White Man?s Burden (1899), where it is suggested that the ?white man?has a duty to serve to humanity. This idea that the British should vigorously carry out a ?duty to rule half the world? might?ve helped them believe that invading Africa was the morally sound thing to do, therefore proving that cultural imperialism was a factor in expansion of the Empire. Rhodes seemed to have a general interest in taking over Africa, and his reason was ?the more of the world we inhabit, the better it is for the human race?14.
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In the end, many would agree he was used as a scapegoat by those who originally stood by him. The leaders of the Conservative party were in favour of Lloyd George's leadership, he was still greatly respected for his role in the war, but more importantly, he was thought vital for blocking the continuing rise of socialism, with his appeal to the left and the newly enlarged electorate. The split in the Liberal party meant that Asquith was still the official leader, in charge on the assets and machinery of the Liberal party.
- Word count: 2030
To what extent was the changing role of women the most significant development in Wales and England 1880
These failures were partly due to opposing organizations of anti-suffragists, who believe that politics was no place for women. By the end of the 19th century, the nation?s view on politics started to change. Women were now fully involved in local politics and were campaigning for the vote. However by the 20th century there were still no universal suffrage, men on poor relief, labourers, factory and mill workers couldn?t vote ? it was felt the needs could be represented by their employers, the mill/factory owners. With this in mind, it seemed the time was right for political reform. Despite more and more women becoming involved in political groups there were still major obstacles before women were enfranchised.
- Word count: 2019
To what extent were the welfare reforms of the Liberal governments between 1906 and 1914 prompted by concerns over National Efficiency
Despite their being other causes for the reforms being passed, it is obvious the main reason was fear among politicians over National Efficiency. After the Boer War, where 40% of all volunteers were rejected due to poor health, the government realised just how the serious the national problems were. It was not only politicians from just one party that were concerned by Britain?s various social problems, either, but members of all parties, both right and left, became increasingly concerned about the threat they could have to national efficiency and the security of the country.
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Elizabeth?s Religious Settlement of 1559 set aside Mary?s restored Catholicism in favour of a form of moderate Protestantism, and was an honest attempt to rule England at religious peace and compromise whilst bringing as many as possible into the fold. Elizabeth introduced the ?Act of Supremacy? which reduced the pope?s influence and ascertained her as governor of the Church of England, rather than the supreme head ? neither extreme religion would accept a woman as the head of Church. Another aspect of the Religious Settlement was the ?Act of Uniformity?, which was Elizabeth?s attempt to ensure that as many believers as possible could find salvation.
- Word count: 2063