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AS and A Level: British History: Monarchy & Politics
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Seymour quickly overcame many enemies on the council and assumed control of both council and control. He titled himself 'Lord Protector' during his two years in power, and rarely put the council into good use. During his time in power Somerset proved he was a soldier and not a politician and seemed to be far more concerned with himself than with King Edward. He was often seen as "singly ill-suited for the post" and "rude, harsh and arrogant". This shows that Somerset as a person was not so popular. Religious changes under Somerset moved in a more Protestant direction.
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Wolsey did not take this opportunity. This challenges whether Wolsey's plans for reform in the church were serious or not. Wolsey's initial plans for reform were mainly repetitions of previous constitutions. One of these was the 'Benedictine' constitution; Wolsey simply reproduced this document with slight alterations as one of his reform plans. The 'York Provinciale' was another of his reforms which again was a set of constitutions selected from canons of his predecessors. Wolsey's reform proposals were false and superficial, this view is supported by Guy. Who also thought that Wolsey used his reforms in the church as a smokescreen.
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Richard Arkwright became very rich so his idea was clearly a good one because if there were a claim against the factory the manager would be responsible for sorting it out. You could also say that he did this so his factories would be more productive and efficient, and he would then gain more money. The mills would have helped local business because it says in Viscount Torrington's diary "given at year's end to such bakers, butchers etc, as shall have best supplied the market."
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'In His Domestic Policy Between 1515 and 1529 Wolsey Promised Much But Achieved Little' - How Far Do You Agree With This Statement?4 star(s)
He would then be brought his Cardinal's hat - a sign of power and status in political and religious terms - and would be escorted to Westminster Hall by noblemen and gentry. He struck fear in the hearts of many people, he had the power to control them; if they betrayed or opposed him, then he would have them killed. Wolsey was in the centre of Government, and could control, or at least have a major influence on, finance, administration and justice.
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'Wolsey's foreign policy reveals that he had no other aims than to exalt his master's power and his own glory' How far do you agree with this verdict?4 star(s)
Henry VIII's attempts to emulate his warrior hero, Henry V, must surely have caused problems, if indeed peace was Wolsey's ultimate gain. Scarisbrick explains the discrepancy and argues that Wolsey's foreign policy 'was a peace policy, and for about fifteen years he struggled to make it work'. Peter Gwyn however considered that peace was not Wolsey's ultimate aim, neither was the papacy, but that his loyalty to the king drove his foreign policies, 3'Wolsey believed passionately that it was his duty to work for the greater glory of Henry VIII'.
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One area in which Wolsey is seen as having a great impact on is legal reform. Wolsey was keen to make it clear that no one was above the law and that the law as applicable to all so the wealthy/powerful could not escape. In 1516 Wolsey put forward a scheme to improve the whole legal system, the power of the court of the Star Chamber was to be increased and ordinary subject were to file their own cases in Chancery and Star Chamber. This certainly seemed to have been successful, in Chancery the number of cases went up slightly from the time of Henry VII, but in Star Chamber the increase was dramatic up form 12 cases per annum to 120 per annum.
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The greatest obstacle to solving the Irish question in the years 1874 - 1886 was the issue of land: assess the validity of this view.5 star(s)
rent for their land and were subsequently evicted by the landowners resulted in similar 'knife and fork' issues and caused great Irish unrest. This unrest manifested itself in violence, most notably in Connaught and in Phoenix Park in 1882, as the immediate threat to Irish people's wellbeing sparked 'direct action' in such a way that issues such as a religion could. The violence resulted as a result of land issues, which is indicative of the fact that it was this issue which the Irish people felt most strongly about: this is evidence for the land issue being the greatest obstacle to the resolution of the Irish Question.
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This idea of Thatcher as a strong leader was evident throughout the conflict and was a powerful tool for ensuring election victory. She was shown to be a strong leader by sending in the task force to retake the Islands without waiting for approval from either the UN or the USA, and before full negotiations for a peaceful settlement took place. This increased the idea of Britain as a great power once more, that it did not need help from other powers to get what needed to be done done.
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It could also be looked at as one of the starting points of the demand for home rule as it gave confidence to the moderate Irish. Overall, I fell that this act was a success as many people were happy with this and as about �25 million of assets were now put into education which would have increased the happiness in for most of the people in Ireland, but would have also made the Roman Catholics unhappy as they wanted this money but this was step too far for parliament so wasn't accepted.
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Using all the sources, and your own knowledge, assess the extent to which Henry VIII was committed to Protestantism.4 star(s)
By 1533 Anne was pregnant and Henry had to pass even more Acts to break with Rome, in order to grant his own divorce and make the child legitimate. The Act of Supremacy, Succession and Annates all brought the power originally belonging to the Pope to Henry. The Ten Articles and Bishop's Book further enforced some Protestant doctrine, and the dissolution of monasteries in 1536 removed the centre of Catholicism in England. It can be noted that the main trigger to these changes seem to the Royal divorce, and not Henry's personal beliefs.
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sugar), and reduced import duties, in order to boost the economy and stabilise a discontented society. His aim was to make Britain a cheaper place to live, thereby silencing the discontent. The success of these measures can be seen in the fact that the aforementioned deficit which Peel inherited was into a �5 million surplus by 1845, and the fact that after Peel was forced to resign, there was a mid-Victorian boom, a golden age of prosperity, which can attributed to these measures among others.
- Word count: 728