• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Causes and Consequences of the Elizabethan Settlement

Extracts from this document...


Transfer-Encoding: chunked 3.5 Essay Elizabethan Settlement occurred when the parliament passed the Act of Supremacy and the Act of Uniformity. This made the Queen become the Supreme Governor of the Church and the order of worship follow the 1559 Prayer Book. The important causes of the Elizabethan Settlement was foreign pressure, Government pressure for uniformity, and The Church?s finance. Next, the long term consequences are Elizabeth restoring the control of Church wealth and the confusion over doctrine. Finally, the short term consequences is the best of the lesser clergy resigning. The most important long term and political cause of the Elizabethan Settlement was the Government pressure for uniformity because 1558 was a time of national confusion and division in England over religion. The confusion happen when religion was from Roman Catholic into Protestant a couple of times during the reign of Henry VIII, Edward I and Mary I. Thus Elizabeth I needs to have only one main religion in England that will unify Protestants and Catholics. ...read more.


The fruit and tenths were levies in the clergy. Therefore, the short term cause of the Elizabethan Settlement was for the Monarch having more money by making Church its revenue. Adequate money can help the Crown govern England easier than having not enough money. The Elizabethan had some positive consequences. The most important long term, economic and positive consequence was Elizabeth restoring control of Church wealth because the Monarch needed more money for running the country and there was royal poverty. Without the Church wealth, Queen Elizabeth I could not hire quality people to help her govern England since no one wants job with little pay. Elizabeth I gained access to First fruits and tenths and revenue from the land of vacant Bishoprics. An example of this was when A See in Oxfordshire was left vacant for the whole of Elizabeth?s reign. This was to allow Elizabeth to harvest fruits of that position. Thus, the Crown restoring control of Church?s wealth benefitted people?s lives by preventing Royal poverty which would have cause unemployment of jobs and weaken the power of the Monarch to help the people. ...read more.


Overall, the effects of the Elizabethan Settlement were largely positive because she managed to establish a unified national Church where both Catholic and Protestant could go to. It did not satisfy the extremists of both Protestant and Catholic, however she did manage to satisfy the majority of normal people. In addition, Elizabethan Settlement led to lots of change in England which were mainly long term. Making the Church of England Protestant with rituals similar to Catholic put an end to extreme Protestants and Catholics. This was because the settlement prevented the Puritans to make the Church more Protestant with Calvinist theology. England were more Protestant after lots of Catholics bishops resigned which made Protestants take over their jobs. Also, Elizabeth?s exploiting the financial position of the Church weakened the ability of bishops to impose her own idea of a Church upon the people. Catholicism was becoming a minority religion by the end of the reign. Therefore, Elizabethan Settlement had a positive long term consequence and impact on people?s live by forming uniformity in people through the Church of England. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics essays

  1. To what extent was the Elizabethan Church Settlement of 1559 - 66 motivated more ...

    So in order to keep the balance between Protestantism and Catholicism, Elizabeth introduced the Act of Uniformity; the Book of Common Prayer of 1552 was brought back with modification to the communion service. This was a deliberate fudge to allow and satisfy both Protestant and Catholic beliefs, although it infuriated the extremes of both sides.

  2. Nell Gwyn (Playhouse Cretaures) essay

    by the crown and its current resident, Nicholas Leke, 2nd Earl of Scarsdale, was instructed to transfer the lease to Gwyn. It would be her main residence for the rest of her life. Gwyn seemed unsatisfied with being a leasee only - in 1673 we are told in a letter

  1. Charlemagne Essay.

    Soldiers and helpers who did not give service as instructed had to pay the full haribannus of sixty shillings. An 811 cap says that men would lose their free status until the fine was paid. Missi had to enquire into the bribery of counts by freemen 'so that they might be permitted to stay at home.'

  2. 'A religious settlement of her own choosing'. How far is this an accurate view ...

    This was an expression of her control over adiaphora, this was the concept of Edmund Grindal who encouraged parishioners to save themselves from punishment by accepting the monarch's role, as it would not affect doctrine and if they simply waited for a proper Catholic to come to the throne, they would still go to Heaven.

  1. Explain the factors which shaped the Elizabethan Religious Settlement reached in 1559

    Her belief in 'private devotion' can be illustrated by the fact that she did not want to "make windows into men's hearts." It can therefore be argued that Elizabeth was not as radical as some Protestants of the time, for example the returning exiles.

  2. What were Elizabeth's priorities when creating the religious settlement of 1559?

    On the other hand, MacCulloch believes Elizabeth to be more politically motivated, citing the fact that was Cecil who masterminded the settlement and arguing Elizabeth's 'hands-off' approach ensured she avoided blame for any subsequent failure. In any discussion on the settlement, it is necessary to assess Elizabeth's personal beliefs and what she wanted the settlement to achieve.

  1. Witchcraft in the Elizabethan era.

    Elizabeth and others conformed to Mary's demands, whilst secretly plotting to restore Protestantism to England. Mary had Elizabeth arrested and imprisoned in the Tower of London after the rebellion led by Sir Thomas Wyatt in January 1554. Her imprisonment was followed by a year under house arrest at Woodstock, Oxfordshire.

  2. Asses the main influences which determined the Elizabethan Church Settlement in 1559

    in the House of Commons did reject many of the moderate Protestant bills of March 1559, and though the Council had attempted to appease the Catholics through their amendments to ?remove the restoration of Protestantism?[12] they soon gave up their attempts.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work