Causes of WWI and the roles of Women before WW1

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Question #1  what were the causes of WW1? Why was this war such a bloody and drawn out contest? Your answer should include a discussion of imperialism, the alliance system, the arms race / militarism and mobilization plans, as well as the concept of ‘Total War’.

        WW1 (1914-1918) is much more complex than a simple list of causes. While there was a chain of events that led to the fighting, the actual root causes are much deeper and part of a continued debate and discussion.

        One of the major causes of WW1 is imperialism. Imperialism is when a country increases its power and wealth through the utilization of additional territories under their control / when colonies are viewed as vital for attaining national wealth and prestige. It is due to this way of thinking resulted in the spreading of old, continental, territorial struggles to a global scale.

        Germany was late to join the game of imperialism and due to this, they needed to make up for lost time. Germany entered a state of hyper-imperialism. It is due to this possible shift in European power that Germany had to be contained. France had no issue with this due to the embarrassment that it endured as a result of its defeat during the Franco-Prussian War of 1781 and its desire to re-acquire Alsace and Lorraine.

        The increasing competition and desire for greater empires led to an increase in confrontation that helped push the world into WW1. For the most part, imperial conflicts were settled through negotiations. However, in the long run, imperialism created tension between the countries.

        The second cause is the complex set of alliance systems, which locked European countries into two (2) rigid, hostile camps. Due to the mutual defense agreements, countries would be pulled into battle, thus, if one country attacked, allied countries were bound to defend them.

        The two above-mentioned rigid, hostile camps are referred to as the Triple Alliance (Austria-Hungary, Italy [until 1915] and Germany) and the Triple Entente (France, Russia [1917] and Great Britain).

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        The third cause of WW1 is that of the arms race / militarism. By the end of the 19th, beginning 20th century, all of the Great Powers of Europe increased military spending drastically. By 1914, Germany had the greatest increase in military buildup. With this, Germany was able to challenge Great Britain’s naval supremacy. Additionally, there had been a great deal of technological advancements in weaponry, such as: new artillery, battleships, airplanes, submarines, etc.  The utilization of these new weapons led to bloodier war.

        In regard to mobilization plans (Act of War), all countries maintained the belief that this war would ...

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