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Do you agree with the view that, by 1882 the concept of angel in the house had been overturned?

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Do you agree with the view that, by 1882 the concept of 'angel in the house' had been overturned? In source F a book by Caroline Norton published in 1854, she claims that her husband George Norton was holding her 'children as hostages' as he thought that if he had a great power over the children that he still had power over her. Nevertheless, he did not realise that she would fight and campaign to have the right to keep her children under her custody. By this time she was no longer a 'angel in the house' as she went against her husband, she also wanted a divorce but she could no divorce him for adultery as she had taken him back so that she could see her children. In 1857 the Divorce and Matrimonial Causes Act was passed which made divorce a lot easier as it meant that divorce could happen through a court of law rather than by a Private Act of Parliament. This made divorce cheaper and a lot faster than it was before. There were also clauses in the Act, which gave women more rights to things such as her income if she was deserted by her husband and a woman was able to inherit or bequeath property the same as a single woman could. ...read more.


This meant that women could work so could no longer follow the 'angel in the house' concept because they no longer had to stay at home. The LNA was set up in 1869 lead by Josephine Butler to fight against the Contagious Diseases Act. This was significant because it meant that many middle- and upper-class women were campaigning to help prostitutes by wanting the repeal of the Contagious Diseases Act. This had never happened before as middle- and upper-class women thought that they were above prostitutes and that prostitutes were dirty and brought it on themselves before this campaign began. They thought that is was not right because they thought it was wrong to forcibly detain and check women for these diseases against their will. When the men that were using the prostitutes did not have to be detained and checked even thought if the men did not use them then there would not be the problem of prostitution as there would be no demand. This went against the 'angel in the house' concept as it meant that women were out campaigning rather than staying at home doing what was thought to be acceptable for middle- and upper-class women to be doing at the time such as corresponding. ...read more.


In addition, they thought that it would mean that they would vote against both of the bill thinking that too much was been done at one time too quickly. Additionally the Reform Act of 1867 did not include women's franchise. So women had to stay with their husbands else they would have no right to their property as it legally all belonged to their husbands once they had married. I would agree on the whole that by 1882 the concept of the 'angel in the house' had been mostly overturned. Women's attitudes were changing and they wanted more and more rights. Middle- and upper-class women such as Caroline Norton and Josephine Butler were beginning campaign to get rights for themselves and others. Laws were been passed and cases won in court in favour of women. People were also starting to realise that more and more marriages were failing and people getting divorces. However, by 1882 the 'angel in the house' concept had not been completely overturned, as there were still people that did still believe in the 'angel in the house' concept and not all marriages were failing and getting divorced. One reason for this was that there was a social stigma attached to getting a divorce that stopped some people, additionally divorce was still an expensive and a long process. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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