Explain the religious reforms made by Mary I

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Explain the religious reforms made by Mary I

When Mary seized the throne from the Protestant Lady Jane Grey, she wanted to re-assert Catholic doctrines and practices as well as a Catholic church hierarchy. GR Elton claimed she had, “… a passionate devotion to the catholic religion and to Rome.” Christopher Haigh also believed that the scale of Mary’s popularity reflected the considerable devotion to the Catholic faith still held by most English people.

As early as 1553 a proclamation led to the removal and replacement of Protestant clergy. This was followed in the autumn by the Act of Repeal which undid all the Edwardian Reformation including the Act of Uniformity which returned England to the Roman Catholic Church, revived the Mass, ritual worship, clerical celibacy, and reaffirmed the traditional doctrine of the Lord’s Supper and administration of the sacraments. England was returned to the religion of the last year of Henry VIII’s reign, including transubstantiation and the Act of Six Articles

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In November 1554 Cardinal Reginald Pole returned to England and was appointed Archbishop of Canterbury.  In the same month the Second Act of Repeal recreated the Church settlement of 1547 as well as removing all anti-Papal legislation including the removal of the Act of Supremacy, thus restoring papal supremacy. In 1554 all the heresy laws were re-enacted and from 1555 were used to track down and execute those Protestants who refused to give up their faith. Furthermore, the success of the first Book of Homilies led Bishop Edmund Bonner, who had contributed to Cranmer's book, to produce his own Book ...

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