• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain why Britain was able to continue to hold out against Germany from June 1940 until the end of June 1943.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

History Coursework Explain why Britain was able to continue to hold out against Germany from June 1940 until the end of June 1943. The Germans attempted on many occasions through different strategies and offences to invade and gain superiority over Britain. However, various factors such as technology, tactics, weapons, leadership and overseas aid from the U.S, contributed greatly to Britain being able to hold out against Germany from June 1940 until the end of June 1943. Technology played an immense part in both the Battle of Britain and the Battle of the Atlantic. Both battles were crucial in the survival of British independence but for very different reasons. A victory in the battle of the Atlantic allowed Britain to maintain vital contacts and supply routes from America, which was critical at that time of need. The battle of Britain ensured air superiority over Britain, which was essential in stopping a German ground invasion. One of the technological advancements unique to Britain (invented by Robert Watson-Watt) was radar. The development of radar had been going on since 1935 in dead secrecy under the cover of 'RDF' radio-direction finding. ...read more.

Middle

Churchill brought the nation together in a time of panic and crisis when Britain was under invasion. His passionate speeches about the bravery of British soldiers boosted the morale and courage of people during the Blitz. He introduced Lord Breaverbrook onto the scene of aircraft production because he realized the necessity for a high rate of industrial production, especially that of much needed fighter planes. Though anti-communist, he was pragmatic in quickly acknowledging Soviet Russia as a partner once Hitler had invaded. Churchill's role in gaining U.S support was vital as although he knew Britain would be able to resist Hitler's armies, complete victory would be impossible without financial aid, supplies and weapons from the U.S. British success in the Mediterranean was largely due to U.S grants and weapons. U.S Shermans were very powerful tanks, which more than matched their German counterparts. Churchill's invaluable knowledge as a military leader as well as prime minister made him realize that diplomatic ties with the U.S was necessary in coping with the German invasion. In terms of weapons, Britain had the upper hand in the Battle of Britain. Luftwaffe bombers were too small and they did not cause enough damage to their targets to put them completely out of action. ...read more.

Conclusion

(Including Belfast, Portsmouth, Hull, Plymouth and London). Their aim was to interrupt industrial production and undermine morale and they succeeded in doing so. However, in the long run, it was a necessary sacrifice as it gave time to the R.A.F to recuperate their forces, regain control of the skies and prevent any further invasion. British tactics in the Atlantic were to fight U-Boats and make sure convoys carrying vital supplies were not destroyed. Fortunately, from late 1941 onwards, British code breakers at Bletchley Park got better at decoding German codes. Breaking codes enabled them to know the whereabouts of U-Boats and so convoys could be guided away from the U-Boat wolf packs. Consequently, between May 1942 and May 1943, Britain managed to steer out of 175 convoys across the Atlantic without any interference from U-Boats. The success of Britain's tactics and the failure of Germanys' proved to be a key factor in Britain holding out against them. In conclusion, Britain's ability to hold out against Germany was partly due to U.S financial aid and material support, along with failure from the German tactics, Hitler's poor leadership and weapons. However, without Britain's tactical thinking, weapons and great leadership, it would never have been possible for them to keep their independence. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Reasons for Napoleon's Success (to 1807).

    At long last the allies had come together in a properly united alliance of powers legally bound to each other in a common purpose. ii) Final Defeat and the End of Napoleonic Europe * The Grand Empire collapsed very quickly after the Battle of the Nations in 1813.

  2. Hitlers Germany

    of peoples on a scale without precedent in the history of the human race. The sheer size of this disaster was due to a number of causes: 1. the immense geographical extent of the war front, involving almost every country in Europe; 2.

  1. "Foreign success; domestic failure." How fair is this summary of Bismarck's governance of Germany

    Bismarck began to show great political capability, dealing with France by encouraging her to embark on colonial expansion. This would therefore alienate France from Britain, and later on from Italy. Bismarck saw the opportunity for again limiting Frances allies and decided to welcome Italy in an alliance, showing neutrality to Russia and Austria.

  2. The battle of Britain was an important turning point in the second world war ...

    They went through all the bombs and mines to rescue 350,000 troops and got them safely across the channel. When the fighting had stopped in the north Mussolini declared war on the French government on 10th June. After Paris had gone the French surrendered.

  1. How had Hitler been successful in his war campaign up until the Battle of ...

    Just two weeks after the German invasion began, Soviet troops invaded Poland from the east, on September 17, 1939. It took them only two days to push far enough to meet German troops advancing from the west. By this time, Germany had already taken most of Poland except for Warsaw, which was under siege.

  2. Explain why Britain was able to continue to hold out against Germany between June ...

    The U-boats were one of Germany's greatest assets, and in the early years the allies suffered enormously from the carnage caused by them, this is shown by the way that U-boat destruction was given priority in January 1943. Hitler wish to create a smokescreen behind which he could carry out

  1. Britain's Survival 1940-1943

    b**b went down a ventilation shaft then near enough 100% of the people down in the tubes would be killed. On November 4 Coventry experienced the worst of the attacks when a huge air raid caused a big 30% of its buildings to be destroyed.

  2. The Battle Of Britain

    They were brought onto the fields to replace male agricultural workers called up into the armed services. Food supplies were a considerable problem for Britain, with its ocean links to its usual foreign food sources under constant threat from German U-boats and bombers, who were trying to starve the British,

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work