Explain why the Southern Manifesto was issued in 1956

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Explain why the Southern Manifesto was issued in 1956

The Southern Manifesto was a document written in February and March 1956, in the United States Congress, in opposition to racial integration of public places.

The Congressmen drafted the document to counter the landmark Supreme Court 1954 ruling Brown v. Board of Education, which determined that segregation of public schools was banned. School segregation laws were some of the most enduring and best-known of the Jim Crow laws that characterized the American South and several northern states at the time.

Plessy v. Ferguson was lead to the build up of the Brown v. Board of Education ruling. Plessy attempted to sit in an all-white railroad car. After refusing to sit in the black railway carriage car, Plessy was arrested for violating an 1890 Louisiana statute that provided for segregated “separate but equal” railroad accommodations. Those using facilities not designated for their race were criminally liable under the statute.  Plessy was found guilty on the grounds that the law was a reasonable exercise of the state’s police powers based upon custom, usage, and tradition in the state.            Plessy v. Ferguson case slowly helped to work against segregatedschools in the low courts, slowly eroding the 'separate but equal' descision of the Supreme Court with the help of the NAACP.

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This is when the NAACP decided to help support Brown in his appeal to the Supreme Court. They felt they had a good chance at this as Kansas was not a southern state.

The NAACP lawyer Thurgood Marshall represented Brown before the Supreme Court, Marshall argued that segregation was against the fourtennth amendment. In Kansas, Topeka; chief Justic Earl Warren adjudged that even if facilities were equal, separate education was psychologically harmful for black children. The Supreme Court agreed in defiance of President Eisenhowers wishes.

Brown seemed to remove all constitution sanction for racial segregation by overturning the Plessy v. ...

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