• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

"From the evidence of Thucydides, what was the cause that led to the beginning of the Peloponnesian war

Extracts from this document...


"From the evidence of Thucydides, what was the cause that led to the beginning of the Peloponnesian war?" Ancient Greece during 4th Century BC was home to the city states of Sparta and Athens, who during this time were the superpowers of the region. The Peloponnesian war between these city states and their respective allies lasted from 431-404 BC, although conflicts between the two had dated back further. Major fighting in the war occurred from 431-421 and ended in Athenian victory. However, renewed conflict raged between 413 and 404 which resulted in Spartan victory. The Peloponnesian war between Athens and Sparta evolved from a string of events which I am going to look at to see if there was a single cause for this war. In 435 BC after a dispute over a colony called Epidamnus, which ended in a naval battle victory for Corcyra, Corcyra declared itself independent from Corinth. ...read more.


Both sides sent forces to Potidaea and once again Athenians were battling with Corinthians. Due to aiding the people of Potidaea, Corinth faced an embargo by Athens which enraged Sparta. Any appeals to Athens to stop the embargo were ignored, forcing the Spartans to coviene the Peloponnesian council and lead the two cities one more step closer to war. Thucydides wrote "the growth of the power of Athens and the alarm which this inspired (in Sparta) made war inevitable." This comment shows another element that contributed to the cause of the Peloponnesian war. After the Persian wars, there was a development of Athenian control when the Delian league was formed which was an alliance of cities based around Athens. Each city contributed funds to help maintain the vast navy but over time Athens dominated the Delian league and these "allied" cities came under direct Athenian control. The growth of Athenian empire was a considerable worry for Sparta due to Athenian navel power tightening its grip on neighbouring waters enclosing Sparta's peninsula. ...read more.


Overall when looking for a cause of the Peloponnesian war it is impossible to conclude that a one specific reason was to blame due to there being many different factors involved. These include cultural differences between Sparta and Athens, the growth of Athens Empire and the disputes over Epidamnus and Potidaea. However, in my pinion I think that the growth of Athens was on e of the main underlying causes because its growth was one of Sparta's greatest fears and it made the war inevitable. This was also the final judgement of Thucydides as he said "The Spartans voted that the treaty had been broken and that war should be declared not so much because they were influenced by the speeches of their allies as because they were afraid of the further growth of Athenian power, seeing, as they did, that already the greater part of Hellas was under the control of Athens." ?? ?? ?? ?? Rosanna Sherrard ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Lion Led By Donkeys

    In addition, the source claims Haig was the best man for the job, as without his confidence in their tactic of persistent attacking ay not have occurred, and Germany may of won the battle. This shows us that Haig was a confident general and was resilient to the pressure.

  2. The Prelude to the 1975 War and the Cairo Agreement.

    At the end of the war an official Lebanese government report was released which breaks down the casualty figures from 1975 to 1990, this put the total number of dead in Sabra and Shatila massacre at 857 and the number of wounded at 1,124.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work