History essay on the boom in america in the 1920s

Authors Avatar

Was the availability of credit the most important factor in explaining the economic boom of the 1920s?

There were many factors that were important and helped to cause the boom in America in the 1920s. These were factors like the car industry, availability of credit, policies of republican presidents and advances in technology. The boom started after the brief depression of 1919-1920 where unemployment and strikes were common. This started to change when America started getting repaid by the European countries and they started to get a lot more trade because a lot of Europe’s crops had been destroyed. During the boom unemployment was low, supply and demand were high so the economy was very healthy.

One of the main factors of the boom was the availability of credit to almost everyone. People found it so easy to get credit for almost any purchase like mortgages and loans for houses and holidays. This meant that people were always able to buy things which meant that companies would have more customers and in affect make more money. Also if companies make more money, then they will pay more money in tax which the government can use to improve society and improve people’s standard of living. Furthermore, if more people are buying goods and services then more people will need to provide the goods and services which will provide more jobs and decrease level of unemployment. Companies also made it possible for individuals to borrow money that they would like to spend on the stock market but they would only be able to pay the money back if the share price went up. However as this borrowed money adds up the economy is put under more and more pressure as only so much money can be borrowed before money has to start being paid back.

Join now!

Another big factor of the boom was the expansion and innovation of the car industry which Henry Ford monopolised during the 1920s. The amount of cars sold in the U.S more than tripled over 9 years which also helped the expansion of other industries. Other industries which benefited were the rubber industry because of all the tyres that were needed, the steel industry as that’s what most cars are made of, the oil industry as that’s is what’s used for petrol and the glass industry as that is needed for windows. This helps the boom as when the industries expand ...

This is a preview of the whole essay