History essay on the new deal

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How successful was the new deal?

The new deal of the 1930s was seen as the radical action needed during the depression to help American people and the American economy. However, some people criticised it for not being radical enough as it didn’t help all Americans. Roosevelt started off by introducing 15 acts in his first 100 days including the alphabet agencies and the beer act. These acts and agencies were designed to help certain groups of people but this meant that some were left out. This meant that Roosevelt was forced into producing the second new deal which helped Americans in the late 1930s.

The first couple of acts were very important, first there was the emergency banking act which closed all banks for several days in which time they were inspected and only those that were properly managed were allowed to open again. He then introduced the economy act which meant that the pay of everyone in the government was slashed by 15% and budgets were cut by 25% which altogether saved $1 billion. In addition to this he added the beer act which legalised the manufacture and selling of alcohol, therefore prohibition was ended. Roosevelt then goes on to introduce the 13 acts that make up the alphabet agencies.

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The alphabet agencies were a fundamental part of the first new deal as they helped more people than any other acts. One of the main agencies was the PWA which was a long term agency that lasted until 1939 and provided jobs for millions of people. It also created public works of lasting value for example it created 70% of the nation’s schools a third of its hospitals and 50 airports. Although it didn’t employ any unskilled workers and Ikes was slow to put the money back into the economy. The CCC and the CWA also provided jobs for millions ...

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