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AS and A Level: History of the USA, 1840-1968

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  1. The abolition of slavery 1833.

    This involves the church indirectly as they taught Sharpe the fundamentals of all people being equal and that it was wrong for a people's to be oppressed. Sam then went on to organise rebellions, so these sources indirectly support the statement that the rebellion was caused by missionaries. Source A can be considered as reliable as it is an oath taken by a overseer of a plantation, which was taken in 1832, only a few weeks after the actual rebellion.

    • Word count: 2065
  2. King David - One the most powerful rulers in the history of the ancient Near East.

    Besides being a skilled warrior, David was a wealthy landholder seeking bigger fish to fry. He then relocated to the Philistines with his own private army of mercenaries to work for Achish the king of Gath.3 He would decimate and plunder pastoral tribes like the Amalekites, Geshurites, and the Girzites. "Whenever David attacked an area, he did not leave a man or woman alive" (1 Samuel 27:9-10). David's fighters were provided with booty and produce taxes from peasants under his control, were becoming a larger and more loyal force with every capture.4 As his power grew, he became more and more poised to take the position of king when Saul died.

    • Word count: 2094
  3. How successful was Roosevelt in delivering relief, recovery and reform during the New Deal?

    Businesses were developing rapidly and became an important part of American society. Taking this into account, the stock market had significant interconnections with people?s daily life, even those who did not own any shares. Moreover, regardless of the fact that by 1929 some regulations and restrictions had been implemented, the U.S.A was still one of the most economically free countries. It was outstanding because of its very little control over the private sector, its independent central bank system and self-regulated stock market, which had no effective control over its actives (Clements, p.

    • Word count: 2647
  4. What was the short term impact of the Montgomery Bus Boycott 1955-1957?

    The fact that Rosa Parks decided she did not want to give up her seat for a white man just goes to prove the wrongs in the system as she was a woman who knew her morals and knew right from wrong. So when she was subsequently arrested, her arrest and trial sparked outrage across the black community and there was a call for action, for something direct to be done. As even though she was sat in the ?colored section? not getting up for a white man was breaking the law, which shows the injustice of the system.

    • Word count: 2235
  5. How far was Martin Luther King's leadership responsible for the gains made by the civil rights movement in the years 1955 - 1968?

    Martin Luther King was responsible for the Birmingham campaign that targeted Birmingham for two main reasons. Only 10% of the black population was registered to vote and as the freedom rides had shown that the local police chief Bull Connor would react violently to protests. King saw this as an opportunity to attract media attention that would go on to not only increase support for the movement but also take a step closer to the desegregation of the city. Due to the failure of the Albany movement a couple of year before, King knew his tactics would decide the success

    • Word count: 2330
  6. Describe Wilsons Fourteen points, Why did Congress fail to ratify the Peace Settlement?

    One of the main notions found in Wilson?s Fourteen Points is the idea of ?self-determination?, but this expression has remained unclear. It is hard to judge just what was meant by it. Wilson could have meant an extension of democratic self-government, or he could have meant that any people who called themselves a nation had a right to have their own state (less likely, as Wilson did not sympathize with the Irish Nationalists, rationalizing that they should work it out democratically).

    • Word count: 2298
  7. 'Johnson alone bears the responsibility for the escalation of war in Vietnam in the years 1965-68.' Do you agree or disagree with this statement?

    The war could have been escalated solely by Johnson. This may have been down to his personality; that he was the wrong man, in the wrong point of time in Vietnam. LBJ was very patriot and thought that the USA was the best and if they got into Vietnam, that it would solve all of its problems. So the USA?s superiority would?ve been able to stop communism from spreading and pump a lot of money into Vietnam. So he thought it would be easy; that the US would only have to show itself in Vietnam for communism to turn around.

    • Word count: 2287
  8. Civil Rights background to 1950. Marcus garvey, A. Philip Randolph and "the Great Migration".

    This approach opposed the NAACP's commitment to integration. However, he returned to the NAACP as director of special research from 1944 to 1948. During this period he was active in placing the grievances of African Americans before the United Nations, serving as a consultant to the UN founding convention (1945) and writing the famous "An Appeal to the World" (1947). Inspired by what he heard, Marcus Garvey returned to Jamaica and established the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) and published the pamphlet, The Negro Race and Its Problems.

    • Word count: 2384
  9. Was Lincoln a genuine advocate for civil rights for African Americans?

    Furthermore in a letter in 1862 to the editor of the New York Tribune he stated ?my oft-expressed personal wish that all men everywhere could be free[2]?. This letter was written in explanation of why he did not free all slaves that escaped to the Union Army during the Civil War. This suggests that he could have been trying to gain support in the abolitionist North and defend his reputation. Again in 1857 during a speech as part of the earlier mentioned campaign in Illinois, he states ?in her [a black woman] natural right to eat the bread she earns with her own hands?she is my equal[3]?.

    • Word count: 2083
  10. How accurate is it to say there was significant progress towards racial inequality in the period 1945-55?

    Under Truman?s government we see an attitude change to black people in politics. Before 1943 we have no African Americans in senior political and federal positions. However the change begins in this year when William Dawson and Adam Powell were elected to congress - successively in 1949 we see William Haist become a Federal Judge. This arguably indicates a crucial change in viewpoints, or at least a step forward to this. Activism due to the war also heightened in1945. This point is crucial as its direct consequences allowed direct action to influence political agenda.

    • Word count: 2084
  11. The Great Depression, causes and effects.

    This was said to be a major cause for the great depression and within just two months of the stock market crash stock holders had lost nearly $40 billion dollars.(The Great Depression- top5 causes of the great depression). As a few firms posted their results stock prices fell, this triggered panic as stock holders tried to sell their shares speculating a further drop in prices. Demand for these shares fell due to the excess supply further forcing prices down. Many banks and financial institutes had invested their clients? money heavily in the stock market, with big losses many banks were forced to declare bankruptcy close down.

    • Word count: 2652
  12. US History - the life of Henry Ford

    When Ford was older he became an apprentice at a work shop in Detroit fixing watches. In the year of In the year of 1888 his father gave him a forty-acre tract of land in Dearborn, Michigan on the condition that he abandoned the the machinist?s trade and return to the farm. Ford built a small house on the land and made a small salary by selling wood and firewood. He was not interested in farming and use his extra time on experimenting with steam pg.2 and gasoline engines. In 1891 he left the farm for an engineering job in Detroit.

    • Word count: 2782
  13. Prohibition - The Importance of January 16th 1920 to the US.

    This law resulted in over 12 states issuing laws of prohibition. However, all laws were repealed except for laws within Maine. A large reason for this being was the threat of the Civil War and money was needed to support a growing war effort. Therefore the Internal Revenue Act was passed 1862. This Act placed a fee on all liquor sold in the United States. Some historians believe that this act gave governmental approval to drink alcohol because it provided a plentiful source of revenue (Nishi 14).

    • Word count: 2577

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