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AS and A Level: History of the USA, 1840-1968

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  • Marked by Teachers essays 3
  • Peer Reviewed essays 12
  1. Peer reviewed

    Assess the view that the Supreme Court was the most important branch of federal government in assisting African Americans to achieve their civil rights in the period 1865-1992.

    4 star(s)

    began as early as the 1870s, when cases like the Slaughterhouse case effectively undid the work of Congress, thanks to rulings by the Supreme Court. This case ruled that states were permitted to make laws affecting the rights of the citizens - a ruling that would allow southern states to make laws segregating black and white citizens. In fact, it almost went so far as to completely disregard the 14th Amendment, claiming it protected an person's individual rights, but not their civil rights - with one ruling, the Supreme Court effectively removed de jure equality for African Americans, and moved de facto equality further out of their reach.

    • Word count: 4179
  2. Peer reviewed

    To what extent were Malcolm X and the subsequent Black Power Movement the 'Evil Twin' of the Civil Rights Movement in the late twentieth century in the United States of America?

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    "Although the CRM of 1954-65 effected change in the South, it did nothing for the problems in the North, Midwest and West."14 The squalid living conditions in the Ghettos of cities such as New York that resulted from economic hardship were a key issue for the ensuing movement and their improvement made up a great part of the movement's agenda. A notable statistic is that although African Americans constituted around 10% of the population, almost a third of all those living below the poverty line were African Americans.15 The first reason that may cause the analogy of an 'evil twin' to be associated with Malcolm X is his promotion of separatism16 at a time of primarily integrationist thinking.

    • Word count: 5947

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  • To what extent was the attack on Pearl Harbor a Surprise to President Roosevelt?

    "E. Conclusion Based on the evidence presented in my analysis the attack on Pearl Harbor was not a surprise to President Roosevelt. Many officials including the President knew about that the attack on Pearl Harbor would happen before December 7th. This is because of direct and indirect warning signs that were presented to United States officials only to be disregarded and ignored. Indirect warnings came from Japan through the press and military changes, while direct warnings came from leaders such as Churchill and United States navy officials. The warnings were disregarded. The fourteen part message was fully decoded two days after interception because it was done at a leisurely pace. It was done at a leisurely pace because no officials were on alert and searching for when and if an attack would take place against the United States. All because all the warning signs were overlooked by major officials an attack on Pearl Harbor took place but if the warnings were properly assessed then Pearl Harbor may have had a chance to defend itself from Japanese advances. F."

  • To what extent was WW2 the most significant turning point for civil rights

    "In conclusion we can see that WW2 was certainly not the most successful period for the civil rights movement as that mantle can probably be taken up by the events of the 1960's but it did mark a momentous turning point in the social acceptance of African Americans and even though by matter of convenience forced integration of blacks into the everyday life of America. It turned the movement in the right direction it needed to go in order for the events of the 1960's to take place. However, my personal feeling is actually that the most significant turning point overall was the Reconstruction period of 1965 to 1877. This period was by no means a massive success in reality as we have learnt that little actually changed, but if it was not for slaves being granted their freedom after the end of the civil war then none of the following advancements could even have been possible. It was this somewhat rather unassuming nudge than ignited the eventual movement that would bring about the practical changes of racial equality in the USA."

  • Evaluate The Presidency Of Theodore Roosevelt.

    "In conclusion, although Roosevelt did not deal with some of the issues which arose during his presidency, and did make a major political mistake, I think that his presidency can still be viewed as effective and successful. The great achievements Roosevelt made in the areas he did deal effectively deal with, I think, far out-weigh the negative aspects of his presidency. 2,192 words"

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