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AS and A Level: History of the USA, 1840-1968

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  1. Compare and Contrast the roles Edith Wilson and Eleanor Roosevelt played in their husband's presidencies. Use information from BOTH articles to support your answer.Include:~How the roles were similar&...

    After marrying Woodrow Wilson, who was already president at the time, she immediately began influencing presidential affairs. Once " In Office" she volunteered for the Red Cross and supported the wartime effort. Socially she held a high status, christening newly built ships, and hosting foreign guests. When her husband was unable to perform his presidential duties due to illness, Edith stepped up to the plate. Putting on a "Show" for all of America, she let no one know the severity of his sickness, and handled many government issues by her self. Edith Wilson stayed involved with politics after her husbands death, and was a very strong, woman who took charge of things, and supported her husband, and his efforts.

    • Word count: 571
  2. What did the Compromise of 1850 offer to people who supported slavery? What did it offer to those who opposed it?

    California was to be admitted to the Union as a free state to satisfy the North. A new and powerful fugitive slave law was offered to the South. There were other components of the compromise that were meant to satisfy both the North and the South. One offered residents of the territories of New Mexico and Utah the right of popular sovereignty, which was the right of the residents to either vote for or against slavery. This was applied to the North and South.

    • Word count: 1064
  3. What lay behind the horrors of the slave trade.

    Not surprisingly, many slaves died during this time. The slaves who survived were taken to South Africa, West Indies or North America depending on where the slaves were needed. The slaves were traded for sugar, rum, tobacco or cotton. Europe then bought the goods from the countries and the slave trade continued working like this. People in Britain were in involved in many ways, example of people who were directly involved are the workers in the plantation, brecause they are taking the goods out of the ship. The sailor is ordering the workers where to take the goods.

    • Word count: 1237
  4. Write about a time you felt uncomfortable because you were different from most of the people in a particular situation.

    This game is one of the oldest rivalries; it dates back almost one hundred years. This particular year, my brother and I got tickets to go watch the game in Austin. My brother and I have loved the Aggies ever since we could remember. Most of my mom's side of the family went to Texas A&M. My brother and I could not wait to watch the game. Since the game took place in Austin that year, we knew that most of the people at the game would go for the Longhorns.

    • Word count: 537
  5. In mid 19th century, Abraham Lincoln's three speeches mirrored the changes in his ideals and themes throughout the Civil War from a political view to a more spiritual level.

    Moreover, Lincoln showed the augmented authority in Southern states over the federal government through Judge Nelson's words that "the law of the state [was] supreme over the subject of slavery within its jurisdiction." Nelson's words showed that state's governing power was increasing due to their ability to manipulate federal laws toward their needs, such as the legalization of slavery. Finally, Lincoln concluded, "the result is not doubtful. We shall not fail-if we stand firm, we shall not fail." These parted words served as an inspiration for the Union to remain strong through the difficulties that might arise.

    • Word count: 1660
  6. The Abolishment of Slavery.

    They signed petitions for the government to abolish slavery. Support was tremendous, and even when the slave trade was abolished, they wanted every black person to be free and for it to be illegal for slaves to be treated in the manner in which they had been treated. People like Granville Sharp and William Wilberforce made people aware of the terrible lives of slaves and fought against slavery. Granville Sharp helped former slaves who were going to be sent to the west Indies as slaves to stay in Britain, as there was no real law about the freedom of slaves in Britain, therefore different judges decided differently on what was to become of the slaves.

    • Word count: 472
  7. St Valentines Day Massacre.

    All died instantly, apart from Frank Gusenberg,who was found by police officers who attended the scene, lying on the floor, dying from twenty-two bullet wounds. We interviewed Sergeant Sweeney, one of the first officers on the scene. He told us that he asked Gusenberg: "Who shot you?" but Gusenberg would only whisper back: "No one --nobody shot me," His refusal to implicate his executioners continued until his death a short time later. The story has since unfolded and we have got the scoop of the century!

    • Word count: 686
  8. Why had Slavery become so Important to the Southern way of life, by 1860?

    Slavery was vital to the Southern colony's continuation of economic profit, and therefore was chiefly economically based. The conditions of the Southern colonies were much suited to plantation agriculture, which provided the basis of the South's wealth. But cultivating the crops of plantations required labour, and as the South was a place with plenty of land and few people, the expansion and success of plantations depended on the labour available. European indentured servants satisfied the labour needs until the 1680s, when the mainland colonies underwent a major shift, from indentured Europeans to slave labour.

    • Word count: 1841
  9. "Bag of bones" is the title of the novel I read over the summer. It was written by Stephen King.

    He is 36 years old at the beginning of the story. "BAG OF BONES" takes place over a four-year period of time. The story has three settings. The first is Derry, Maine, where his Victorian home is. This is the town where his wife dies. He is still in mourning, and since her death he has been unable to write. He is suffering from writer's block. So he uses stashed books he had previously written to continue publishing books. He keeps his writer's block a secret. The second setting is his dreams, his haunting dreams of Sarah Laugh's.

    • Word count: 1082
  10. Incidents in the life of a slave girl.

    The theme of the story is a statement on how slavery was much more harder on life than many people may have thought so during the time of slavery. Many people during these times thought that slaves were happy where they were and that their lives were much easier in the southern states than in their home country. Even though Jacobs is not born in her home country and we do not hear about her being in her home country, we can collect that her life is obviously harder than

    • Word count: 520
  11. Why, despite the victory of the Unionin the Civil War, did former slaves fail to secure full civil rights 1865 - 77?

    Congress, which was mostly composed of Radical Republican Northerners, disagreed, and felt that the South should be punished. In 1863 Thaddeus Stevens said, "We have the right to treat them as we would any other province that we might conquer." However, they were partly mollified by the fact that Lincoln had eventually endorsed emancipation of the slaves. Five days after the end of the war, the problem became far more difficult, as Lincoln was assassinated and replaced as President by Andrew Johnson.

    • Word count: 1872
  12. The abolition of slavery 1833.

    This involves the church indirectly as they taught Sharpe the fundamentals of all people being equal and that it was wrong for a people's to be oppressed. Sam then went on to organise rebellions, so these sources indirectly support the statement that the rebellion was caused by missionaries. Source A can be considered as reliable as it is an oath taken by a overseer of a plantation, which was taken in 1832, only a few weeks after the actual rebellion.

    • Word count: 2065
  13. Was there any truth in the Southern claim that slavery was both a benign and profitable institution in Mid-19th Century America?

    Even the accounts of former slaves are unreliable since by the time they were taken any freed slaves still living would have experienced slave life as children only, and memories are liable to alter over time. When considering whether or not slavery was a profitable institution, we must ask the question 'Who for?' It was certainly not profitable for the slaves themselves, who after all received no wages and were forced to rely on their owners for clothing, food and housing.

    • Word count: 1704
  14. Martin Luther King and Abraham Lincoln Essay.

    Lincoln and King have similar purposes for their speeches but targeted them in different ways. Influenced by the great legend Mahatma Gandhi who also himself was a non-violent freedom fighter, King wanted to gain black people's freedom the same way as Gandhi, in a non-violent protest. Lincoln had a similar contractual obligation. He was to abolish slavery. He conveyed this in his concise speech 'for the people'. Both King and Lincoln have implicit messages in their speeches. Lincoln, apart from trying to abolish slavery, also promoted 'The honored dead' and making people understand what their 'fathers' had done for them and what is left for them to do.

    • Word count: 1402
  15. Stand By Me is a film based on the story The Body by Stephen King it is about four 12 years old boys in a small town in USA.

    His tales have been made into more than thirty feature length films, most of which have been relatively successful. Stephen King has wrote many novels like A Memoir of the Craft, Secret Windows, Dreamcatcher and many more he has wrote 47 books. Everyone thinks that Chris stole the milk money from school he did but the next day he had a Guilty Consonance so he gave it back to his teacher. The next day he gave it back he felt relived after he gave it back the teacher came with a new dress, coat and a new shoe. Where did the money come from?

    • Word count: 809
  16. Portugal Case Study.

    The capital of Portugal is Lisbon. (Lisboa) Climate The climate varies according to altitude, and high temperatures occur only in the comparatively low regions of the south. The mean annual temperature north of the River Douro is about 10� C (50� F); between the Tagus and Douro, about 15.6� C (60� F); and in the valley of the Guadiana, about 18.3� C (65� F). Rainfall is heavy, particularly in the north, but there is virtually none in July and August throughout the country.

    • Word count: 807
  17. Compare The Political Leadership Of Lincoln and Davis.

    The reality was that the South simply has less room for error. Given its "small battalions", the Confederacy needed to have better leadership, greater financial and economic initiative and more unity than its stronger adversary. Although ultimately not equal to the mighty challenge, the Confederacy's efforts on the home front were, in most respects, better than might have been expected. The bitter truth was that most of its domestic problems were essentially insurmountable. Lincoln did provide strong leadership. But he was no superman. He was always ready to admit that events controlled him rather than he controlled events. His administration did relatively little to manage the economic resources, which ultimately produced victory.

    • Word count: 785
  18. Harriet Tubman was born into slavery around 1820 in Dorchester, Maryland. She was a spy, a nurse, a feminist and an abolitionist.

    She suffered brutal beatings from her master which was her drive for freedom. During her life, Harriet Tubman only received one major head injury when a large rock knocked her on the head whilst shielding another slave. During her recovery, Tubman saw visions and heard voices warning her about danger and encouraging her to escape to freedom. Therefore in 1849, Harriet Tubman escaped to Pennsylvania alone and unaided. After succeeding to escape to freedom, Tubman worked as a cook and a laundress to earn enough money to stage her first rescue which was her sister and her 2 children.

    • Word count: 476
  19. Theodore Roosevelt

    A tragedy struck Roosevelt in 1884, when his young wife died giving birth to their daughter. Devastated, Roosevelt left his daughter Alice with his sister and fled to the Dakota Bad Landstoforget. After two years out West, where he was a rancher and chased outlaws as a frontier sheriff, Roosevelt returned to New York full of energy. He ran unsuccessfully for mayor of New York City, wrote three books, The Winning of the West in four volumes, Ranch Life and the Hunting Trail, and The Life of Gouverneur Morris, and campaigned for Republican presidential nominee Benjamin Harrison.

    • Word count: 962
  20. Futuristic Story.

    That requires me to catch the bus into town and then a hover taxi into the shopping precinct, which will come to about five pounds intergalactic currency. Then I have to get my self to the robot- repair centre to get my Brobot a new front hood as his current one was dented in a hover car accident. That will come to a further twenty pounds intergalactic currency, I am due there at half 10 to et the hood fitted which gives me plenty of time to get up town from the laser hair dressers.

    • Word count: 1080
  21. Who was the President of United States during the Civil War? What/how was his childhood? What were the things that led the president to become the president of the United States? How did he affect the U.S.?

    Milk Sickness is a disease caught from drinking milk from a cow which got poisoned by a white snakeroot. Thomas Lincoln remarried the next year to Sarah Bush Johnston Lincoln. She brought three kids of her own into the family. Abraham loved his step mother as well as reading. He preferred reading than working in t he fields and his relationship with his father (who was just the opposite) became difficult. Abraham's older sister died during give birth to her child. She was married to Aaron Grigsby in 1826. In 1829, Abraham made a flatboat trip to New Orleans.

    • Word count: 1182
  22. Gandhi y Martin Luther King tenian muchos parecidos. Los dos trabajaron duramente para cambiar sus pases para el mejor.

    Gandhi comenz� muchos movimientos a forzar a los ingleses dar India su independencia. Algunos movimientos incluyen el Movimiento Nin Co Operacional en un mil novecientos veinte, el Movimiento Desobediencia Civil en un mil novecientos treinta, y el Movimiento de Deja el India en un mil novecientos cuarenta y dos. El dirigi� el marzo Salado a Dandi tambi�n. Aunque la lucha de Gandi fuera completamente sin violencia, �l sufri� por muchas cosas. El fue mandado a encarcelar muchas veces. El sufri� muerto de hambre y palizas tambi�n. Finalmente, India lleg� a ser independiente en el quince de agosto en un mil novecientos cuarenta y siete.

    • Word count: 626
  23. Isaiah of Jerusalem

    His prophetic work stretched far beyond his advice to the kings of Judah. Isaiah 6 is the account of Isaiah's calling. In this passage Isaiah hears God's angels utter, "Holy, holy, holy is the Lord of hosts."(Isaiah 6:3) Isaiah also has a vision of Yahweh seated on a high and lofty throne. In his vision, Isaiah saw Seraphim, Yahweh's heavenly servants, stationed around him.

    • Word count: 500
  24. John Brown and Abraham Lincoln - a reappraisal

    In his letter to Horace Greeley, Lincoln says if he could have saved the Union by freeing all the slaves he would have, and if he could have saved the Union by freeing no slaves he would have. (Lies My Teacher Told Me, 174) If Lincoln were a strong abolitionist, he would have only saved the Union by freeing the slaves, no exceptions. Yet students point to the Emancipation Proclamation to support their ideas that he was an abolitionist, but in fact, Lincoln wrote the Emancipation Proclamation as an executive bribe, not to set the slaves free, but to bribe the South back into the Union.

    • Word count: 761
  25. Weapons and Armour - Most civil war soldiers carried a rifled musket, which had quickly replaced the smoothbore muskets.

    However this was not always true. A famous New York group of volunteers wore baggy red pants and short red jackets. The Iron Brigade of Michigan wore wide-brimmed black hats, with a feather curled up at the side. The United States Sharpshooters wore dark green uniforms, leather leggings, and feathers in their hats. Uniform was scarce for Southern soldiers. Before the war, the South sent almost all its cotton to Europe or the Northern states to be made into cloth. There were no factories in the south to make uniforms.

    • Word count: 3211

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