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AS and A Level: History of the USA, 1840-1968

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  1. Assess the view that the introduction of National Prohibition in the USA was inspired mainly by Protestant Religious Idealism

    Influenced by the Protestant idealism many states chose to go ?dry? and fight against the manufacture, sale and transportation of alcohol. Protestant America believed strongly that alcohol was work of ?the devil? and to protect the American nation and its next generation, the Prohibition movement must continue and succeed. The Protestant religion had many connections in the Progressive Era, such as the WCTU, the WASPs, and the Anti-Saloon League which all provided support such as mass of factions, financial power and a political presence. Interpretation A fully supports this view, suggesting that those ?wet? citizens would be grouped as ?unregenerate?.

    • Word count: 1533
  2. The Annexation of Texas

    After Mexico?s independence, Mexico wanted to increase the population so they encouraged American immigrants to move to Texas. During that year, Moses Austin received a grant from the Spanish government to start a colony. After he died, his son, Stephen, took over and continued his father?s project. Stephen offered large grants of land costing the Americans very little money. Here is where he laid out the foundation of the small town of San Felipe de Austin. During the next few years, American settlers filed into Texas more than Mexico expected which made the cushion region become a threat.

    • Word count: 1045
  3. What was the short term significance of the maintenance of slavery in the southern states to the outbreak of the US Civil War?

    This is more of an interpretation of the events surrounding the build up to the Civil War and an analysis of the tensions and concerns associated with this rather than Rhodes?s single cause theory. Historian James Ford Rhodes in 1919 declared that ?of the American civil war it may safely be asserted that there was a single cause, slavery?[1]. This shows the importance slavery played around the time of the war. However it may also suggest that as this source is written a relatively short time after the Civil War (1919)

    • Word count: 1724
  4. Argue who you believe assassinated JFK and why

    This indicates that Oswald could have hit his target of the president from the Texas School Book Depository Building. On the morning of the shooting Oswald was seen carrying a long parcel to work claiming that it contained ?curtain rods? to his work at the Texas School Book Depository. The majority of employees left the building to catch a glimpse of the president in the motorcade. Therefore Oswald would have been the only person working on the 6th floor at the time of the shooting. An eyewitness account put forth by Howard Brennan described the man with the rifle as a white, slender build, 5 foot 10 inches, and approximately 165 pounds[1].

    • Word count: 1420
  5. Who killed John F. Kennedy?

    Accordingly President Kennedy was soft on communism and to someone like Oswald the best kind of president. He himself said ?Kennedy was a good leader? expressing admiration and showing how he lacked the motive to do so. Though Oswald had a limited motive, his opportunity to do such a thing is substantial. On 21st November 1963 before the arrival of the president a person named Howard Brennan has reported that he has seen a man on the 6th floor of the Book Depository when he was sitting on a wall directly opposite to the building.

    • Word count: 1414
  6. Explain why there was a rise in organised crime in the USA after 1919.

    Gangs were already heavily involved in organised crime and the enforcement in prohibition gave them even more reason to get involved and take over this multi-million dollar business. Hence, prohibition gave gangsters the opportunity to earn a lot of money in this illegal business therefore causing an increase in organised crime. From the enforcement of prohibition came the high demand of the general public for the want of alcohol.

    • Word count: 444
  7. How far do you agree that by 1763 the ties between Britain and the American Colonies were already strained?

    Enumerated commodities e.g. sugar and indigo could only be exported to England even if their ultimate destination lay elsewhere. This was similarly the case with cargoes going to the Colonies from mainland Europe. It enabled Britain to impose duty and taxes on the goods which enabled them to enjoy the financial benefits. It also enabled Britain to have a 'first pick' on goods. Other acts that affected the Colonies directly included: The Iron Act (1750) this banned the export of Colonial iron outside the Empire.

    • Word count: 893

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