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AS and A Level: History of the USA, 1840-1968
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On 25th of June 1950 North Korean invaded the south in a clear act of invasion which quickly brought the attention to the US. It is arguable that the Americans, keen on human rights and democracy, provided military assistance to Syngman Rhee in the south in order to stop further expansion of communism.
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It was at the forefront of all the major events that helped shape the progression of the black Civil Rights movement right up to the current day. But to the extent of the events significance in the Civil Rights movement is what this essay will explore. The Brown VS the Board of Education case in 1954 was a key step to aid black rights as it reversed the rulings during the case Plessy VS Ferguson. Segregated schools was ruled unconstitutional which resulted in some educational facilities beginning to integrate.
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But around this time, the Northern cities, such as Chicago, were expanding and industrialising so many blacks were moving northwards to take advantage of new employment opportunities. This was called the Great Migration, however, due to the Wall Street Crash of 1929 and the subsequent plunge into Depression, African-Americans found it difficult to begin a new life under the racial tensions and discrimination. It wasn't until the Second World War, which began in 1941, that black Americans finally had an opportunity to see a better way of life.
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Sustaining the energy that water gave off was difficult because the cities did not want to use all their water sources as energy for factories, so new concepts arouse about what other energy sources were available, thus the discovery of coal came to surface. Industrialization was profiting from coal because it was replacing valuable water and wood that was needed for other needs, while at the same time it permitted industry to expand more widely. Among the most important advances in technology were the inventions of interchangeable parts and other machine tools such as the turret lathe.
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These bills would become what we know today to be the Social Security Act of 1935. However, the bill was not passed immediately. It was not until August 15, 1935, more than 6 months after the introduction of bills in January 17, 1935, that the bills were passed and signed by the president. The main reason for the delay in the passing of these bills was the widespread disagreement with the idea that the government should intervene in that had always been handled at a state, local or private level. In addition, many sought a loophole that could enable employers to be exempt from payroll taxes if the employers adopted a government approved pension plan.
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Barry Goldwater backed this up in his speech by saying, "we are at war in Vietnam and we must have the will to win that war....the security of all Asia hinges on this crucial battle" (F). Americans, however, did not obtain this will due to the lack of support. Goldwater goes on to say that the United States was at risk of "committing to communist domination its resources and its people" (F). Vietnam and its surrounding countries were vital traders of important raw materials to the free world and losing these materials to communists could have been dangerous.
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Kennedy was highly concerned about the rise in unemployment and pursued many policies to combat it and create jobs. The 1962 Trade Expansion Act cut tariffs to encourage trade and encourage trade. It did not cut personal taxes but was able to reduce taxes for businesses under the Revenue Act, which gave $1 billion in tax credits for new equipment and investment. Kennedy also encouraged economic growth through federal spending. He encouraged individual stated to apply for and spend federal grants on housing, education and restoration of community areas. Kennedy believed that his improvements in the economy would help the living standards of the poor.
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When Union troops took over the land, most slaves no longer toiled for their owners and many fled to Union lines. The slaves could see what was on the horizon. "War, it has been said, is the midwife of revolution, and well before 1863 the disintegration of slavery had begun." 1 The Proclamation signaled a turning point in not only the war, but the direction of the entire nation. For the first time, the country specifically committed itself to the issues of the black population.
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"Both Yohannis IV and Menelik II failed in the objectives they had set out to achieve." How far do you agree with this assessment?
It was when Yohannis was in power that the first foreign Colonies came and wanted to take over Ethiopia. He had the Egyptians from the north, and the Italians on the coast line. Khedive Ismael, was the king of Egypt at this time and wanted more land. Yohannis would not let this happen so they went into war. Yohannis and his troops won the battle against the Egyptians and signed the treaty of Adowa. The Italians had taken over the port of Massawa, and where now threatening to go inland and take Ethiopia as their colony. At the same time, the Mahdist of Sudan where attacking and wanted to take over Ethiopia as well.
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Linguistic Study - Linguistic Analysis of Martin Luther King's 'I Have a Dream', and Abraham Lincoln's 'Gettysberg Address'
I will keep an open mind while studying these speeches, and won't be biased about either of the speakers. I am particularly interested in Martin Luther King's speech as I respect what he achieved for equal rights. It is also a subject I feel strongly about, and would like to learn more about Luther King. During the 1950's in America, equal rights for all people, envisioned by the Declaration of Independence, was not progressing. n*****s, Hispanics and Orientals, were discriminated against in many ways. The 1950's were a tempestuous time in America, when racial barriers were began to fall due to Supreme Court decisions.
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This accusation can be tangible to a point, for the speeches were more emphatic towards certain ideas in the north, than in the south and vice versa, but the main principles of Lincoln's ideas tend to show his point of view as aligned with that of the Abolitionists, in quite a particular way. Taking into account certain confusing ambivalence in Lincoln's speech, although he proposed equality when he invited Americans to "...unite as one people throughout this land until we shall once more stand up declaring that all men are created equal."
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The first problem is that freeing slaves will bring an increase in isolation of 4 states. These 4 states are really important for the Federal government. They are Kentucky, Maryland, Missouri and Delaware which are had some 400,000 slaves. This gives the Union so much power compare to the South. In April 1861, Lincoln sends a letter to the representatives of the Virginia secession and it's says that ' I have no purpose, directly or indirectly, to interfere with the institution of slavery in the States where it exist.' This means that Lincoln made it clear that he was willing to put off any definitive action on emancipation, in order to keep open the option of negotiating a settlement with the Confederacy.
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In 1809 a man is born who will lead the union and the nation into a stable and consistent existence. That man was Lincoln. Lincoln, one of many boys born in 1809 would rise to leadership with little education, an idea unheard of today. Lincoln would become the man who would make history. In reading about Lincoln I couldn't help but think, "This man didn't go to school but one year, taught himself all he knows and led the country through such a deep time.
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The court had gathered there for the celebration of the marriage between Alexander of Epirus and Philip's daughter Cleopatra. It was a lavish event and elaborate games had been arranged. Philip entered the theatre escorted by his son Alexander ad son-in-law, Alexander. The King's bodyguards were at a distance so the King was unprotected and as he walked in a man by the name of Pausanias rushed up to Philip and stabbed him in the chest. The assassin immediately tried to escape and reach his associates who were waiting for him with horses at the entrance of Aegae.
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By bribing SS officers and opening his own factory he managed to save nearly 1200 Jews. He once said "If you saw a dog going to be crushed under a car, wouldn't you help him?" "No one will ever know exactly what made this complex man do what no German had the courage to do. A large part of the fascination of Schindler is that not even those who admire him most can figure out his motives. But Oscar Schindler rose to the highest level of humanity, walked through the b****y mud of the Holocaust without soiling his soul, his compassion, his respect for human life, and gave his Jews a second chance at life.
In 1858, Abraham Lincoln stated in his U.S. senate debate that "A house divided against itself cannot stand. I believe this government cannot endure permanently half slave and half free. I do not expect the Union to be dissolved - I do not expect the house to fall- but I do expect it will cease to be divided. It will become all one thing or all the other. Either the opponents of slavery will arrest the further spread of it... or its advocates will push it forward, till it shall become alike lawful in all the States, old as well as new, North as well as South."
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He goes on to say that the present is "prone to excursion-trains, art-museums, periodical literature, and exciting novels: prone to even scientific theorizing," then he contrasts that by saying "Old Leisure was quite a different personage: he only read one newspaper, innocent of leaders, and was free from that periodicity of sensations which we call post-time." The detail Bede provides about how he lived in the country shows a great sense of his love for the old fashioned ways. He says the Old Leisure is "pure and unchained by philosophy or spirituality."
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a) "How far do these sources support the view expressed in source one that, in the years 1067-1075, William had favoured conciliation in his attempts to establish peace in England?"
However, though acting on the King's behalf, of appeasement, Lanfranc would have used his own ideas and thoughts on the case. Finally, as Hereford was the son of William fitz Osbern, he could have been treated differently for his links with William I; they were friends from their childhood2. Source two and five disagree with the statement in source one. Source two is from the "Anglo-Saxon Chronicle"3; as a consequence of the invasion, William is described to have devastated Yorkshire ("Harrying of the North")
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Harriet Beecher Stowe influenced many Americans to join the abolitionist movement and ultimately caused the offset of the Civil War with her novel Uncle Toms Cabin.
Because of her background, Harriet Beecher Stowe set out to change the country's opinion of slavery. She believed that slavery was wrong and wanted to help in the cause. In 1832, Harriet moved to Cincinnati because her father was invited to be the president of Lane Theological Seminary. Cincinnati was a hotbed for the abolitionist movement. The move was an eye-opener for Harriet ("Harriet" Wikipedia). "She witnessed the cruelty of slave auctions. Husbands, wives, and children sold to separate bidders. She saw fugitive slaves fleeing across the Ohio River from Kentucky, hoping to find refuge to the north in Canada.
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Southerners compared it with the wage-slave system of the North. They said that the slaves were better cared for then the free factory workers in the North. Southerners said that slave owners provided shelter, food, care, and regulation for a race unable to compete in the modern world without proper training. Many Southerners saw slavery as not only more effective but also a way of maintaining equality amongst whites. Without slaves they argued, whites would need to perform menial jobs; with slavery, the Blacks performed such tasks, keeping the whites in a class above.
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Franklin Delano Roosevelt (FDR) was born on January 30, 1882 in Hyde Park, NY. The only child of James and Sara Delano Roosevelt and was privileged to have been born into a wealthy family.
In August 1921 tragedy struck. While sailing, FDR fell into the water. This left him paralyzed. To compound matters even more, he also had been stricken with a severe case of polio. Many thought his career in politics would come to an end but he continued working out of his home, eventually getting back the use of his hands and arms while developing strong shoulders. He was determined to fight his illness as hard as he could and in the process he helped others.
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It is hard to pinpoint the exact beginnings of slavery in the United States. It is known, for example, that the Native Indians practised some forms of slavery in small minorities. However the Atlantic Slave Trade, begun in the late 1500s
On average, during the 'middle passage', where ships from the ports went directly to the Americas, one sixth of slaves died, either from disease or onboard rebellion. Even so, this barbaric practice was extremely profitable; goods such as sugar, tobacco, precious metals, ivory, dyewoods, and gum were also traded, and made considerable profits for those involved. Therefore in the 18th century, when trade slaving was at its peak, most of the voyages were financed or sponsored by private sources, desperate to get their share in this lucrative business.
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The black slave drivers were placed in an awkward position, were they were unsure of which side they should choose.
Masters usually grew to respect their drivers and usually had a relationship of shared respect. With the rights that these drivers were given, some decided to abuse them while others stayed loyal to their master. Some drivers would abuse their privileges to help their people while others mistreated the slaves and stayed loyal to their master. To the slaves whose drivers helped them, the idea of a slave driver was a positive good, but to the slaves whose driver abused them they saw him as a conspirator in a horrible social sin.
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Abraham Lincoln was born on February 12, 1809 to Thomas and Nancy Lincoln. He grew up in Hodgenville, Kentucky
Abraham Lincoln married twice; first to Ann Rutledge and later as a result of her death e married Mary Todd Lincoln. They had four children, and only one reached adulthood. Lincoln's first real successful career was as a frontier lawyer, in which he earned about $1200 to $1500 a year. Eventually seeking higher political positions, he became a powerful young congressman. At this time in his life, her first began to have the opportunity to voice his opinions about slavery.
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To what extent was the passing of the "Emancipation Proclamation" (1862/3) determined by Lincoln's desire to undermine the Southern economy?
It is this final factor that proved the most influential. The economy of America's Southern states had been utterly dependent on slavery for decades before Abraham Lincoln's 1863 Proclamation. However, it was at this point that the South relied upon slavery most. In this period of war, it was vital that the South was able to produce huge amounts of arms in a short amount of time, and to do this they needed a great number of workers. The highly industrialised Northern economy was perfectly adapted to the extra demand, and was able to facilitate the production of all the equipment needed.
- Word count: 1493