How did Lord Liverpool deal with the threat of radical challenges?

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How did Lord Liverpool deal with the threat of radical challenges?

Lord Liverpool was the fifth choice Prime Minister, and no one expected him to last long in office because of this; however, he managed to hold office for nearly 15 years—but over the first 10 he faced economic issues caused by the end of the war and the impact of the resurgence of radical groups. The handling of the economic issues only resorted in more support for the radicals; for example, the abolition of income tax and the introduction of the Corn Law caused more difficulties but preserved the power of the elite. It can be seen that Lord Liverpool took similar action to Pitt in his handling of radical threats, by repressing revolts and protests rather than implementing reformation that addressed the complains of the protestors.

The Luddites were a group of armed protestors who stormed factories, breaking machinery and causing havoc—the incidents were explained as protesting the economic crisis, stemming from unemployment, wage cuts and price rises. The attacks were serious because it resorted in damages that would be costly to the industrialisation of Britain, with broken machinery having to halt production by at least some. However, these attacks were rather sporadic in their aims—as it was local action from the unemployed working-class, some wanted their jobs back and some wanted to stop industrialisation altogether—and the government were successful in repressing this series of incidents.

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The Cato Street conspiracy was a plot to kill all of the British cabinet members, as they met at Grovesnor Square in February 1820—organised by a group of Spenceans, in hopes that it would paralyse decision making and cause an atmosphere of chaos and confusion as a setting for potential uprisings. In this instance, the government made use of a spy to foil the plans—George Edwards had acted as part of the group to become privy to the plot; the information he learned would go on to lead to the arrest of Arthur Thistlewood and four others as they gathered ...

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