• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How did Mao first control the peasants, then the countryside and finally China?

Extracts from this document...


How did Mao first control the peasants, then the countryside and finally China? Mao Zedong Introduction On the 1st October 1949, Mao proclaimed the People's Republic of China. He had succeeded to defeat the Kuomintang and the Japanese and gain control over China. But how did he achieve all this? What are his secrets? Throughout this essay there will be four focus questions which will help us understand how Mao did all this. How did Mao gain peasant support? First, Mao had to control the peasants who were the force of China. He saw that they were strong together. He had many ways of gaining support but the main method he used was propaganda. His men put up posters that illustrated the Kuomintang as cruel and selfish people that didn't care about anything but themselves and the rich people. They didn't like the peasants at all and saw them as lower human beings. This was all true and Mao showed this to the people with his posters. Another method Mao used to gain peasantry support was that he used his soldiers to help and protect them. ...read more.


The march showed strength and power and also a caring for the people, because they marched through peasantry areas and not cities, which were controlled by the nationalists. The Communists army were not strong enough to face the Nationalists in a battle face to face. But by doing the 'Long March' didn't help the Communists to defeat the Nationalists, only weaken them. Mao had to use different methods to defeat the Nationalists. What methods did Mao use to defeat the Kuomintang? Mao had before tried to gain a lot of peasantry support, and he was successful doing this. But by gaining support didn't give him the power to defeat the Kuomintang. As said, he had to use other methods to defeat them. One of the methods he used was guerrilla tactics. This means basically that he attacked during the night and that he was hiding during the day. The Communist forces made hit-and-run attacks against Nationalist troops and camps and after disappearing into the dark. His army was not strong enough to face the Kuomintang so he had to hide. As known, the Japanese and the Kuomintang had better technology in the sense of weapons and such. ...read more.


But the countryside was not enough for Mao. Step by step he took control over China. Bu how did he finally gain control over China? How did Mao finally take over China? Now when Mao controlled the peasants and the countryside, he reached to control China. He worked years to plan the defeat of the Kuomintang and finally he had an army big enough to face Chiang Kai-shek's. The open battle happened in 1948 and the winner was Mao and his Communists. Chiang fled with 200 000 men to the island of Taiwan By defeating the Nationalists he had no longer any threat against China so by this event he ruled China. Conclusion In conclusion I think that Mao was a brilliant leader and that he knew how to win the people's heart and take over China with a variety of methods. He gave the land back to the people that rightfully belonged to them. By gaining peasantry support he was able to gain support from the countryside and finally China. I wonder what would've happened to China if Chiang had won the last battle. Maybe China would've been under Nationalist control and be a very miserable country. Who knows? Magnus Haag 2001-11-29 Social Studies Sources Davies, Evan. Aspects of Modern World History. Hodder & Stoughton, 1990 Britannica Focus(r) DVD ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Why did Mao Zedong introduce a second five year plan in 1958 and to ...

    Mao was no longer involved in the routine running of the country. That was now done by a group of moderate leaders - Head of State Shaoqi, Prime Minister Zhou Enlai and Party Secretary Deng Xiaoping. Now that the moderates were in control, the Great Leap Forward was abandoned and more realistic policies were adopted.

  2. The human heart.

    For these reasons, this text and others like it could easily pass as evidence to why the anti-war movement took place. One limitation however is that Hamer, obviously anti-war himself is only putting across the worst aspects of the war, arguably in my studies of the Vietnam War, I cannot

  1. American History.

    2.War in America is the same as war in Europe. 3.A military victory will automatically make the colonies come back to mommy Britain. - Wrong, wrong, and wrong again. They greatly underestimated American commitment to resistance and also didn't see that military victories would just not be enough to bring

  2. The Long March is embedded deep in the psychology of the Chinese communist party. ...

    country is once again free to take its own decisions and resist any unwelcome interference from abroad. China's first census was held in AD 4, just a few years after a Jewish family in Palestine were hauled to Bethlehem from Nazareth to take part in the Roman equivalent.

  1. Armed forces.

    line over a hundred years after it was built by the British army. Likewise in the Boer war, the British army came to depend on the strategic advantages of the railway network, but would also be exposed to the vulnerability of this network as the Boers transformed themselves into a guerilla army and destroyed bridges and lines at will.

  2. Did Mao Create A Cruel Dictatorship ?

    He punished black marketers severly, and within one year inflation had ended The next step he took was to increase taxes paid by business's. Railway links had been destroyed in the war, Mao made it a priority to re-build them, so that coal could be brought from the northern coal

  1. Why were the Communists able to come to power in China?

    In 1916, after Yuan's death, Sun Yatsen took over the nation. He promoted modernization and the 'revolt against obedience'. When the First World War ended the Chinese assumed their allies would reward them. Due to rejection of the award, they developed a New Culture movement, which was pro democracy and education, but rejected Confucianism and 'old ways'.

  2. How Far Did Life Improve For Women, Landlords, Businessmen And Peasants Between 1949 And ...

    Then came the Marriage Law passed in April 1950. This brought about many changes welcomed by women, ending years of prejudice and made the sale of females illegal. Other traditions such as childhood marriages were outlawed and women were liberated from years of degradation. Mothers were granted maternity benefit and moreover, infanticide and foot binding were banned.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work