• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How far did situation of Blacks improve in years 1945-55?

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐IMPROVEMENT Government 1945-1955: We can see an improvement due to Truman?s policies. As a senator he consistently supported legislation to abolish the poll tax (which prevented the majority of Blacks from voting in the South) and to stop lynching. Truman established a liberal committee to investigate violence against Blacks in 1947 gave a report ?To secure These Rights?-increased awareness. It highlighted the discrimination Blacks suffered and called for: anti lynching legislation, abolition of poll tax, voting rights laws, end to discrimination in interstate travel and armed forces. Truman followed the advice in some aspects and issued orders to end segregation in the army and also to guarantee fair employment in civil service through his Fair Employment Board. He also set CGCC-> (Committee on Government Contract Compliance) ...read more.


Allowed the March on Washington Johnson chaired EEOC and federal jobs held by Blacks increased by 17% in 1962 and 22% in 1963. ?Great Society?-end to poverty and racial injustice, 1964 Civil Rights Bill end of de jure segregation, Higher Education Act 1965 aided poor black colleges, Secondary Education Act 1965 raised percentage of blacks with high school diploma from 40% to 60%. Voting Rights Act 1965 abolished literacy tests->dramatic effect, significantly increased percentage of Blacks registered in the South. NAACP: 1945-1955 NAACP made various boycotts, contributed to the development of civil rights mainly through legal means. They took cases to the Supreme Court and were highly successful there. For example the 1946 Morgan v. Virginia Supreme Court case made interstate buses segregation illegal. ...read more.


Stayed the same 1945-1955: Brown didn?t set a precise date, only Brown II said ?with all deliberate speed? but it gave Southern states an excuse to do nothing and say ?it?s impossible/we need time? In response to Brown White Citizens Councils were formed to oppose desegregation, KKK was revitalised (massive white backlash). (1956 Southern Manifesto created to prevent school integration signed by 101 southern congressmen) create No support from federal government in enforcing Brown. Emmett Tilly murdered in 1955 and murderers found not guilty-this showed how things were in the South. They could get away with killing Blacks. Blacks not allowed to vote. 1965: Civil Rights Acts of 1957 and 1960 were unsuccessful as they increased the number of Black voters only by 3%. Situation in Little Rock in 1957 showed the massive grassroots resistance, students were spat on, attacked. Kennedy unresolved problem of ghettos, de facto segregation ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 essays

  1. How far did the position of black Americans improve during the years 1945-1955?

    Ferguson, for example, in 1946, the Morgan vs. Virginia case, where Irene Morgan refused to give up her seat on an interstate bus and was fined $100 inevitably led to the Supreme Court prohibiting segregation on interstate transport with the help on NAACP lawyer Thurgood Marshall.

  2. Revision notes - the USA 1945 to 1980

    Anti Communism. The US was fighting alongside Russia during the war, but immediately after the war tension between the USA and USSR increased as the Cold War began. Before the war many people had been afraid of communism, and these feelings returned in the late 40's as the conflict between the capitalist west and the communist east increased.

  1. Discuss the influences on Malcolm X and how they helped form his ideology in ...

    It is a view of the present and vision of the future. It is about how action can determine achieving a goal. It is directed towards the masses and it is motivational so the grass roots can understand the aim and try and achieve the goal.1 This definition should be understood as a structure for the term ideology.

  2. Comparison of Presidents Harry Truman, Dwight Eisenhower and Lyndon Johnson

    During the election of 1948, Truman's approval ratings were down and it seemed as if he would not win. However, that same year he issued both of his executive orders relating to civil rights, upping his approval ratings. Though the support he had gained from farmers, laborers, African Americans, and

  1. Research on the major Civil rights events between 1963 to 1968

    Media coverage Media attention gave the March national exposure, carrying the organizers' speeches and offering their own commentary. In his section The March on Washington and Television News, William Thomas notes: "Over five hundred cameramen, technicians, and correspondents from the major networks were set to cover the event.

  2. Civil Rights Revision Cards 1945-68

    1. Impact? 1. Interstate terminal facilities were desegregated in Albany 2. More black voters allowed to register 3. Black community in the area had been mobilised and lost its fear of white power 4.

  1. How accurate is it to say there was significant progress towards racial inequality in ...

    Social changes, mostly as a result of the factors above Eg. Secure these rights, also took place in this period. The fight for equality was most apparent in the South before 1945. We see all aspects of society from education to restaurants was segregated, but this was, at least attempted to be tackled in this era.

  2. To what extent did the situation of African Americans improve between 1945-55?

    Overall, I think that there was little change for political rights for African Americans between 1945 and 1955, as most were still denied the vote and President Truman, although promising a lot, did not back up his words with action and ultimately failed at achieving equal civil rights, despite this

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work