How far do you agree with the view that Lenins leadership was the main reason for Bolshevik success in October 1917?

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        The Bolsheviks were an extremist party who ultimately took over the rule of Russia in 1917. They were led by Lenin, who was an excellent leader in many ways, and it was widely acknowledged that he was the ultimate reason for the Bolshevik success in 1917. However, this opinion has been revised more recently, as other factors, including the temporary nature of Provisional Government, the desperation of the people due to the First World War and the influence of other major Bolshevik leaders, among others.

        Lenin was an excellent leader who was attractive to the mass of the people in Russia, which gained the party support and led to the Bolshevik success in October 1917. He was incredibly intelligent and was an excellent orator, meaning that he was able to communicate his complex ideas to the people very simply, in terms that were relevant to them and that they could understand. He also dressed shabbily, despite the fact that he was from a very well-off family. This meant that he could connect to the people as they felt that he was one of them and thus completely understood their position, making the party more accessible to the masses. They had been let down very badly by the Bourgeois before, and so they turned to the Bolsheviks because they felt they could trust their shabbily dressed leader. Lenin also kept the party policies very simple. ‘Peace, Bread and Land’ were the basic things that every member of society was dreaming of, particularly during the war when food supplies were limited in cities. The policies had some appeal to everyone in society, and they were therefore more likely to gain support than other political parties. Lenin was responsible for this because he led the initiative, and was responsible for delivering the party’s ideas. Lenin had never supported the entrance of Russia into World War One, and he used the fact that his party was the only one opposed to this to gain more support as Russians began to suffer as a direct result of the war. This meant that, unlike all the other parties, their support was uncompromised and they gained more support. Lenin also exploited the weaknesses of the Provisional Government. This meant that his party looked stronger than the current political leadership and that he gained support from the already angry citizens of Russia.

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        Lenin was the ultimate strategist of the October Revolution, making his party look stronger and more organised than the other parties, meaning that they were more likely to gain support because of how strong their party looked. However, when it came to the actual revolution, Lenin had little idea of what was going on, and his confusion was almost detrimental to the success of Bolsheviks in October 1917. This suggested that there was a lack of organization and communication with the party, and presented potential supporters with a contradiction, which may cause them not to support the party.

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